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| link5=''1870 Census''
 
| link5=''1870 Census''
 
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== Indexes and Images  ==
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
  
The 1870 census was the Ninth census taken by the United States.The census began on June 1, and was largely completed by January of 1871. Enumerators counted approximately 38,500,000 and was the first census to identify by name all African Americans by name.see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1870 United States|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1870]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has some indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.  
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The 1870 census was the ninth census taken by the United States.The census began on June 1, and was largely completed by January of 1871. Enumerators counted a national population of approximately 38,500,000 and was the first census to identify all African Americans by name. Census takers counted every person in each family on the 1st day of June. In addition to the population schedules,mortality, agriculture, manufacture ans social statistics schedules may also be available. The census is searchable on FamilySearch see [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1438024 United States Census, 1870]. Census records are part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census at the National Archives.      
 
 
A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
 
  
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.
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'''Ninth Census Schedules - Forms'''
 
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*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1870-census.pdf Schedule No.1 Population]
'''Ninth Census Schedules'''
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*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1870-mortality.pdf Schedule No.2 Mortality: Persons who died one year prior to the taking of the census.]
*Schedule No.1 Population
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*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1870-agriculture.pdf Schedule No.3 Agriculture]
*Schedule No.2 Mortality: Persons who died one year prior to the taking of the census.
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*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1870-industrial-manufact.pdf Schedule No.4 Manufactures]
*Schedule No.3 Agriculture
 
*Schedule No.4 Manufactures
 
 
*Schedule No.5 Social Statistics
 
*Schedule No.5 Social Statistics
  
 
''' Finding Aids'''
 
''' Finding Aids'''
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/464745?availability=Family%20History%20Library Descriptions of Census Geographic Subdivisions, 1870, NATA T1224]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/464745?availability=Family%20History%20Library Descriptions of Census Geographic Subdivisions, 1870, NATA T1224]
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''' Research Helps'''
 +
*[[United States Census]]
 +
*[[United States Census State Censuses]]
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
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*Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic  
 
*Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic  
 
*Male eligible to vote  
 
*Male eligible to vote  
*Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
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*Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards.
* Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards.
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*Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.
* Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.
 
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
  
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*Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War  
 
*Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War  
*Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records  
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*Parents of foreign birth may indicate naturalization records  
 
*Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
 
*Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
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*First census to identify all African Americans by name.
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]  
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
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== States and Territories Covered  ==
 
== States and Territories Covered  ==
  
'''States - Population Schedules '''  
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'''States - Population Schedules '''
 
{{col-begin|width=79%}}
 
{{col-begin|width=79%}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/696888?availability=Family%20History%20Library Alabama]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/696888 Alabama]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698885?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arkansas]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698884 Arizona] 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698886?availability=Family%20History%20Library California]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698885 Arkansas]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698888?availability=Family%20History%20Library Connecticut]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698886 California]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698890?availability=Family%20History%20Library Delaware]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698887 Colorado]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698891?availability=Family%20History%20Library District of Columbia]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698888 Connecticut]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698892?availability=Family%20History%20Library Florida]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698889 Dakota]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698893?availability=Family%20History%20Library Georgia]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698890 Delaware]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698894?availability=Family%20History%20Library Illinois]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698891 District of Columbia]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698892 Florida]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698893 Georgia]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/699190 Idaho]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698894 Illinois]
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{{col-break}}
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698895 Indiana]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698896 Iowa]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698897 Kansas]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698898 Kentucky]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698899 Louisiana]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698900 Maine]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698901 Maryland]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698902 Massachusetts]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698903 Michigan]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698904 Minnesota]
 
{{col-break}}  
 
{{col-break}}  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698895?availability=Family%20History%20Library Indiana]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698905 Mississippi]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698896?availability=Family%20History%20Library Iowa]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698906 Missouri]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698897?availability=Family%20History%20Library Kansas]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698907 Montana]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698898?availability=Family%20History%20Library Kentucky]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698908 Nebraska]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698899?availability=Family%20History%20Library Louisiana]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698909 Nevada]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698900?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maine]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698910 New Hampshire]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698901?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maryland]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698911 New Jersey]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698902?availability=Family%20History%20Library Massachusetts]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698912 New Mexico]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698903?availability=Family%20History%20Library Michigan]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698913 New York]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698904?availability=Family%20History%20Library Minnesota]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698914 North Carolina]  
{{col-break}}
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698915 Ohio]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698905?availability=Family%20History%20Library Mississippi]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698916 Oregon]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698906?availability=Family%20History%20Library Missouri]  
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{{col-break}}
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698908?availability=Family%20History%20Library Nebraska]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698917 Pennsylvania]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698909?availability=Family%20History%20Library Nevada]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698918 Rhode Island]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698910?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Hampshire]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698919 South Carolina]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698911?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Jersey]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698920 Tennessee]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698913?availability=Family%20History%20Library New York]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698921 Texas]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698914?availability=Family%20History%20Library North Carolina]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698922 Utah]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698915?availability=Family%20History%20Library Ohio]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698923 Vermont]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698916?availability=Family%20History%20Library Oregon]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698924 Virginia]
{{col-break}}
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698925 Washington]   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698917?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698926 West Virginia]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698918?availability=Family%20History%20Library Rhode Island]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698928 Wisconsin]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698919?availability=Family%20History%20Library South Carolina]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698929 Wyoming]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698920?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tennessee]  
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698921?availability=Family%20History%20Library Texas]   
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698923?availability=Family%20History%20Library Vermont]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698924?availability=Family%20History%20Library Virginia]  
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698926?availability=Family%20History%20Library West Virginia]  
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698928?availability=Family%20History%20Library Wisconsin]
 
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
  
 
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''' Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules '''
''' States - Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules''' 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620295?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arkansas] Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/41227?availability=Family%20History%20Library Connecticut] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783143?availability=Family%20History%20Library District of Columbia] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589484?availability=Family%20History%20Library Georgia]Agricultural,Manufactures, Social Statistics 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783149?availability=Family%20History%20Library Georgia] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2287447?availability=Family%20History%20Library Illinois] Non-population
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1180241?availability=Family%20History%20Library Indiana] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2274801?availability=Family%20History%20Library Iowa] Non-population
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783169?availability=Family%20History%20Library Louisiana] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/292606?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maine] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265418?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maryland] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/565601?availability=Family%20History%20Library Massachusetts] Social Statistics; Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2301280?availability=Family%20History%20Library Michigan] Non-population
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/98340?availability=Family%20History%20Library Minnesota] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/279984?availability=Family%20History%20Library Nebraska] Agriculture, Industry, Social Statistics, Nemaha County
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/431765?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Hampshire] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/630096?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Hampshire] Non-Population
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265451?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Jersey] Mortality 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/165722?availability=Family%20History%20Library New York] Industry
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/92650?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589398?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Agricultural
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589445?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Manufacturers
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589409?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Social Statistics
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589494?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tennessee] Non-population
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/343874?availability=Family%20History%20Library Texas and Utah] Mortality
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/720647?availability=Family%20History%20Library Utah and Vermont] Mortality
 
'''Territories'''  
 
 
{{col-begin|width=79%}}
 
{{col-begin|width=79%}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698884?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arizona]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783024 Arizona] Mortality 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698887?availability=Family%20History%20Library Colorado]  
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620295 Arkansas] Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules
*Dakota
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783096 Colorado] Mortality
*Idaho
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/41227 Connecticut] Mortality
*Montana
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783143 District of Columbia] Mortality
{{col-break}}
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589484 Georgia]Agricultural,Manufactures, Social Statistics 
*New Mexico
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783149 Georgia] Mortality
*Utah  
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2287447 Illinois] Non-population
*Washington
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1180241 Indiana] Mortality
*Wyoming
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2274801 Iowa] Non-population
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/531014 Iowa] Mortality
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783169 Louisiana] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/292606 Maine] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265418 Maryland] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/565601 Massachusetts] Social Statistics; Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2301280 Michigan] Non-population
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/408252 Michigan Mortality]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/98340 Minnesota] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/279984 Nebraska] Agriculture, Industry, Social Statistics, Nemaha County
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/431765 New Hampshire] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/630096 New Hampshire] Non-Population
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265451 New Jersey] Mortality
 +
{{col-break}}  
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/165722 New York] Industry
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/92650 Pennsylvania] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589398 Pennsylvania] Agricultural
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589445 Pennsylvania] Manufacturers
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589409 Pennsylvania] Social Statistics
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589494 Tennessee] Non-population
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/343874 Texas and Utah] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/720647 Utah and Vermont] Mortality
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620313 Utah] Mortality
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
 
''' Territories - Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules'''
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783024?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arizona] Mortality 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783096?availability=Family%20History%20Library Colorado] Mortality
 
  
 
== Missing Records  ==
 
== Missing Records  ==
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7163 1870 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)  
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7163 1870 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)  
 
*{{RecordSearch|1438024|United States Census, 1870}} (FamilySearch)
 
*{{RecordSearch|1438024|United States Census, 1870}} (FamilySearch)
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/census/online-resources Search Census Records Online and Other Resources - National Archives]
  
 
== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
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''' National Archives '''
 
''' National Archives '''
 +
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2353570 Populations Schedules for the 1870 Census. NAID 2353570]
 +
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2790869 Copies of the 1840-1870 Population Schedules, 1840-1870. NAID 2790869]
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/research/census/nonpopulation Non-population Census Records]
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Latest revision as of 09:11, 2 December 2019

Indexes and Images[edit | edit source]

The 1870 census was the ninth census taken by the United States.The census began on June 1, and was largely completed by January of 1871. Enumerators counted a national population of approximately 38,500,000 and was the first census to identify all African Americans by name. Census takers counted every person in each family on the 1st day of June. In addition to the population schedules,mortality, agriculture, manufacture ans social statistics schedules may also be available. The census is searchable on FamilySearch see United States Census, 1870. Census records are part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census at the National Archives.

Ninth Census Schedules - Forms

Finding Aids

Research Helps

Content[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

Population Schedule

  • Name: of every person whose place of abode on the 1st day of June, 1870, was in this family.
  • Age:at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus 3/12.
  • Sex: (M) Male); (F) Female
  • Color: (W) White; (Black (B); (M) Mulatto; (C) Chinese; (I) Indian.
  • Profession, occupation, trade of each person, male and female.
  • Value real estate
  • Value personal property
  • Birthplace: state or territory of the United States, or the country, if of foreign birth
  • Father foreign born

  • Mother foreign born
  • Month born in census year: state month.
  • Month married in census year: state month.
  • School in census year
  • Can’t read or write
  • Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic
  • Male eligible to vote
  • Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards.
  • Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.

Value[edit | edit source]

The 1870 census can be used to:

  • Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War
  • Parents of foreign birth may indicate naturalization records
  • Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  • First census to identify all African Americans by name.

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems[edit | edit source]

  1. Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born
  2. Asked if born within the year and to give month
  3. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age
  4. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.
  5. If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War
  6. The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household after that date)
  7. It has been said that many people were missed in the South
  8. Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
  9. Families numbered in order of visitation
  10. Name every person living in household
  11. Children under 1—months as fractions
  12. 1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth

States and Territories Covered[edit | edit source]

States - Population Schedules

Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules

Missing Records[edit | edit source]

Where to Find the Records[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Websites[edit | edit source]

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

National Archives

References[edit | edit source]

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)