Difference between revisions of "United States Census 1860"

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[[Category:United_States_Census]] [[Category:United_States_FamilySearch_Record_Collections]]

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  1860 Census

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1860 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1860 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1860 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1860 federal censuses.

Also, there are articles about the 1860 mortality schedule indexes, and 1860 slave owner schedule indexes free online as part of FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry.com has those mortality and slave owner indexes and images online for a subscription fee.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.


1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

                        Occupation males over 15
                        Value of real estate
                        Value of personal estate
                        Married during year
                        Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict
                SLAVE SCHEDULES:
                        Name of slave owner
                        # of slaves owned
                        # of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
                        NO NAME OF SLAVES
                        Age, color, sex
                        Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?
                        Fugitive from state?
1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf


  The 1860 census can be used to:1

                        Find free population/slave pop. & mortality, agriculture, industry data
                        Identify families by name
                        Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration
                        Identify ages —go to vital records
                        Identify real estate—land and tax records
                        Identify probable relationships—be careful!
                        Identify occupations/property value
                        Identify possible remarriages/step relationships
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

1.  First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because
     they were taxed accordingly.)
2.  Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland,
     Prussia Baden, etc.
3.  Personal estate—first time
4.  Total of 3 copies again

States Covered and Missing

  • Alabama
  •  Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  •  Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia (inc. West Virginia)
  • Wisconsin

No states missing


  • Dakota (unorganized)
  • Indian (non-Indians included with Arkansas)
  • Kansas (portions of Colorado)
  • Nebraska (inc. parts Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, North & South Dakota)
  • New Mexico Territory (inc. Arizona)
  • Utah (inc. Nevada, Colorado, Washington)
  • Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming

Web Sites

1860 United States Census—A free Internet census index and images to the 1860 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

There are many sites online that include census images, for example:



FamilySearch Labs

 Sources of This Collection 

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

How to Cite Your Sources

An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 8th census, 1860. United States Census, 1860. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Henry Clayton, birth year 1820, Los Angeles, California, film number 803059, image number 00373.   

Instructions for citing this source can be found at: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections