United States Census 1830

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  1830 Census


1830 Census was taken beginning on 1 June 1830, for twelve months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
                        Free white males under 5
                        Free white males 5-10
                        Free Males 10-15
                        Free Males 15-20
                        Free Males 20-30
                        Free Males 30-40
                        Free Males 40-50
                        Free Males 50-60
                        Free Males 60-70
                        Free Males 70-80
                        Free Males 80-90
                        Free Males 90-100
                        Free Males over 100
                        Free Females same as males
                        Slaves & free colored 
                        Categories for deaf, dumb, blind & aliens

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf


The 1830 Census can be used to:1

                        Identify locality
                        Distinguish target family from others of same name
                        Help determine family size
                        Locate possible relatives with same name
                        Identify neighbors
                        Identify slaveholders
                        Identify name variations
                        Free men of color listed as head of household
                        Slaves in age group by name of owner
                        Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers

 1790-1840 search tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems 

1.  First census government provided printed forms.

2.   Institutional/guardianship records.

3.  Aliens in the household -- naturalization records.

4.  Age categories are broken down into smaller groups

5.  Deaf, dumb, and blind persons listed (also under the slaves)

6.  Same as previous years.

 States Covered and Missing

  • Alabama
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland* (Some counties missing)
  • Massachusetts* (Some counties missing)
  • Mississippi* (Some counties missing) 
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Vermont
  • Virginia

No states missing


  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Michigan (inc. Wisconsin & Minnesota areas)
  • Oregon (also a part of Britain)

 Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html


1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.

United States Census Population Schedules 1830 (FamilySearch Historical Records)