United States Census 1800

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1800 Census was taken beginning 4 Aug 1800 for 9 months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
                        Free white males under 10
                        Free white males 10-16
                        Free white males 16-26
                        Free white males 26-45
                        Free white males 45 and over
                        Free white females under 10
                        Free white females 10-16
                        Free white females 16-26
                        Free white females 26-45
                        Free white females 45 and over
                        Others free except Indian

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf


The 1800 census can be used to:1       

                         Identify locality
                         Distinguish target family from others of same name
                         Help determine family size
                         Locate possible relatives with same name
                         Identify neighbors
                         Identify slaveholders
                         Identify name variations
                         Free men of color listed as head of household
                         Slaves in age group by name of owner  

1790-1840 Search Tips:  http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

1.  Age brackets were split up into 5 categories
2.  No printed form or paper provided
3.  Some lists were rearranged to place names in alphabetical order (will be unable to tell neighbors.
4.  Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
5.  Indians that were not taxed were not included. 

States Covered and Missing

              States Covered                States Missing
Maine (part of Massachusetts)
Maryland (inc. District of Columbia)
New Hampshire
New York
North Carolina
Rhode Island
South Carolina
New Jersey
Virginia (inc. West Virginia)


(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)

  • Indiana
  • Mississippi
  • Northwest  

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html


1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)