United States Census 1800

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1800 Census


The 1800 Census was taken beginning 4 Aug 1800 for 9 months. The following information, in addition to the name of the head of the household, was recorded by the census taker:

  • Free white males under 10
  • Free white males 10-16
  • Free white males 16-26
  • Free white males 26-45
  • Free white males 45 and over
  • Free white females under 10
  • Free white females 10-16
  • Free white females 16-26
  • Free white females 26-45
  • Free white females 45 and over
  • Others free except Indian
  • Slaves

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf


The 1800 census can be used to:

  • Identify locality
  • Distinguish target family from others of same name
  • Help determine family size
  • Locate possible relatives with same name
  • Identify neighbors
  • Identify slaveholders
  • Identify name variations
  • Free men of color listed as head of household
  • Slaves in age group by name of owner

1790-1840 Search Tips:  http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Age brackets were split up into 5 categories
  2. No printed form or paper provided #Some lists were rearranged to place names in alphabetical order (will be unable to tell neighbors).
  3. Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
  4. Indians that were not taxed were not included.

States and Territories Covered


              States Covered                States Missing
Maine (part of Massachusetts)
Maryland (inc. District of Columbia)
New Hampshire
New York
North Carolina
Rhode Island
South Carolina
New Jersey
Virginia (inc. West Virginia)


(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)

  • Indiana
  • Mississippi
  • Northwest

Missing Records

Where to Find the Records

The 1800 Federal Census is available online.


Web Sites


1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)