United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860 - FamilySearch Historical Records
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United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag July 4, 1859 – July 3, 1861 (33 stars)|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Census Slave Schedules|
|Record Group||RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census|
|Microfilm Publication||M653. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. 1438 rolls.|
|Arrangement||Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.|
|National Archives Identifier||2353568|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1860. This was the second time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M653 Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.
Slave schedules for 1860 exist for the following and are not available for any other states:
- Alabama, rolls 27-36
- Arkansas, roll 53-54
- Delaware, roll 100
- District of Columbia, roll 105, Georgetown and City of Washington
- Florida, roll 110
- Georgia, rolls 142-153
- Kentucky, rolls 401-406
- Louisiana, rolls 427-431
- Maryland, rolls 484-485
- Mississippi, rolls 595-604
- Missouri, rolls 661-664
- North Carolina, rolls 920-927
- South Carolina, rolls 1229-1238
- Tennessee, rolls 1281-1286
- Texas, rolls 1309-1314
- Utah Territory
- Virginia, rolls 1386-1397
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered from less than one to nearly fifty percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).
To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860.|
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.
For additional information about image restrictions, please see the Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections page.
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name of slave owner
- Number of slaves owned
- Age, gender, and color of slave
- If slave is a fugitive, from what state
- Has slave been emancipated
- Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Image[edit | edit source]
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of the slave owner
- The age of the slave
- The state where the slave may have lived
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
View the Images[edit | edit source]View images in this collection by visiting the Collection Browse Page:
- Select State
- Select County
- Select Township or other division of county to view the images
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at Population schedules of the eighth census of the United States, 1860. Click on a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
- Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]
|We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records.|
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.