United States, War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files - FamilySearch Historical Records
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United States War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910
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|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag 1795-1818 (15 stars)|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Index to Pension Applications|
|Record Group||RG 15: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773-2007|
|Microfilm Publication||M313. Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files.. 102 rolls.|
|Arrangement||Alphabetically by name of veteran|
|National Archives Identifier||563315|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next ?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Index to pension applications for service in the War of 1812. Most of the pension were granted based on two acts passed by Congress in 1871 and 1878. The files cover the years from 1812 to 1910 and is arranged alphabetically by veteran's name. The images are the face side of the file jackets. Most of the files are for veterans and their widows who were on the pension rolls in the 1870s and 1880s. The last pensioned veteran died in 1905. Widows continued to receive pensions after that date. The index is from National Archives microfilm publication M313 and is part of Record Group 15 Records of the Department of Veteran Affairs.
- Stuart L. Butler. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812. Prologue 23 (Winter 1991): 420-425. FHL 973 B2p.
- Ruth Dixon. Genealogical Fallout from the War of 1812. Prologue 24 (Spring 1992): 973 B2p.
- Marie Varrelman Melchiori. War of 1812 records at the National Archives. NGS Magazine 35 (April-June 2009): 24-29.
- Claire Prechtel-Kluskens. Researching Volunteer Soldiers of the War of 1812. NGS Magazine 37 # 1 (January-March 2011): 36-41.
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name of soldier
- Name of widow
- Military unit in which served
- Date of enlistment and discharge date
- Birth date of soldier
- Marriage date of soldier and widow
- Maiden name of widow
- Death date of soldier
- Death date of widow
- Discharge Papers
- Other Supporting Papers
The section of the Index of 1812 pension application cards that reads “Service” may often include the rank of the solider followed by the name of the unit that he was assigned to. That may be confusing because the units are named after commanding officers. You will need to view the image to see all of the information on the pension index card.
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Image[edit | edit source]
The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and the British Empire, including Great Britain, Canada, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. The Treaty of Ghent, which became effective on February 18, 1815, ended the war. With the signing of the treaty the U.S. and Britain recognized the pre-war boundaries between the United States and Canada, and gave the United States fishing rights to the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
This documents individuals who fought in the War of 1812. These records are generally reliable.
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The full name of the soldier
- The birth date and birth place of the soldier
- The name of the soldier's widow
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
- Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
- Click Search to show possible matches
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at United States War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next ?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records
- Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been seeking the pension
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
- Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
- Search the indexes and records of nearby counties
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]
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