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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
+
'''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]'''
{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
|CID=CID1834304  
+
| CID=CID1834304
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866
+
| title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866  
 
|CID2=CID1845948  
 
|CID2=CID1845948  
 
|title2=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
 
|title2=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
|location=United States
+
| location=United States
}}<br>
+
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type =
 +
| record_group_nr = 109
 +
| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/109.html War Department Collection of Confederate Records] 
 +
| start_year =1861
 +
| end_year =1866
 +
| alt_flag = US_33_Star_Fort_Sumter_Flag.jpg
 +
| alt_flag_desc = Civil War flag 1861 (33 stars)
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M345
 +
| micro_pub_title = Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 300
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 = M416
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =94
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2133278?q=*:* 2133278]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[GuidedResearch:United States|United States Guided Research]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Record Finder]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Union Provost Marshals' File|Union Provost Marshals' File]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Confederate Prisoner of War Records|Confederate Prisoner of War Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[United States]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [https://s1.sos.mo.gov/records/archives/archivesdb/provost/ Missouri State Archives Provost Marshal Database]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.tnsos.net/TSLA/provost/index.php Tennessee State Library and Archives Union Provost Marshal Name Index]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2133278?q=*:* NARA Collection Description M345 and M416]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/415-confederate-citizens.pdf National Archives Reference Report]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.civilwarhome.com/ProvostMarshal.htm The Provost Marshal and the Citizen]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/75302268 List of Scouts, Guides, Spies, and Railroad Personnel, RG 110 NARA]
 +
}}
  
[[Image:United_States.png|right|200px|]]
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
 
 
== Record Description ==
 
  
 
This article describes multiple collections covering the years 1861 through 1866.  
 
This article describes multiple collections covering the years 1861 through 1866.  
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The collection was digitized from microfilm and is arranged alphabetically by the first two or three letters of the surname. It consists of correspondence, provost court papers, lists of transportation permits, claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces, affidavits, oaths of loyalty and other lists.  
 
The collection was digitized from microfilm and is arranged alphabetically by the first two or three letters of the surname. It consists of correspondence, provost court papers, lists of transportation permits, claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces, affidavits, oaths of loyalty and other lists.  
 +
 +
===To Browse This Collection===
  
 
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
{{Collection_Browse_Link
Line 23: Line 65:
 
}}  
 
}}  
  
The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of mages of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union army. Records in this collection would deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilains suspected of disloyality, civilians passage through military zones, etc. These files (for two or more citizens) are arranged by file number and date.This is National Archive publication M416.  
+
The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of mages of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union army. Records in this collection would deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilains suspected of disloyality, civilians passage through military zones, etc. These files (for two or more citizens) are arranged by file number and date.This is National Archive publication M416.
 +
 
 +
===To Browse This Collection===
  
 
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
|CID=CID1845948
 
|CID=CID1845948
 
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
 
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
}}  
+
}}<br>
  
=== General Information About These Records ===
+
{{Tip|This collection contains searchable content in the NARA Catalog. They can be accessed by clicking on the National Archives identifier in the Record Description.  Once inside the Catalog, click on the "Search Within This Series".}}
  
Although the records were kept by the Union Army, they primarily deal with information about confederate citizens and union citizens who were suspected of supporting the confederate cause. They dealt with a wide range of individuals including those who were suspected of disloyalty or of giving aid to the enemy, who violated military orders, were prisoners, were authorized to travel in or to enter the Confederate states, and others. During the war each division, brigade, and corps of the Union Army had a provost marshal. Be aware that
+
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 +
The following information may be found in these records:
  
*Provost marshals kept records of their activities as the military police
+
'''Provost Marshal's file'''
*Provost courts were established to try civilians who violated military orders as well as military personnel suspected of committing civil crimes
+
*Name of civilian
 
+
*County and/or state of civilian’s residence
== Record Content  ==
+
*Reason why civilian was brought into question
 +
*Current residence
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Legal findings
 +
*Resolution of matter
  
 +
== Collection Content ==
 +
=== Sample Images ===
 
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 1 DGS 4599818 687.jpg|Example 1
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 1 DGS 4599818 687.jpg|Example 1
Line 48: Line 99:
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
'''The records contain a variety of facts which vary by the individual record'''. Those most often found in the collection are listed below:
+
Although the records were kept by the Union Army, they primarily deal with information about confederate citizens and union citizens who were suspected of supporting the confederate cause. They dealt with a wide range of individuals including those who were suspected of disloyalty or of giving aid to the enemy, who violated military orders, were prisoners, were authorized to travel in or to enter the Confederate states, and others. During the war each division, brigade, and corps of the Union Army had a provost marshal. Be aware that
  
*Name of civilian
+
*Provost marshals kept records of their activities as the military police
*County and/or state of civilian’s residence
+
*Provost courts were established to try civilians who violated military orders as well as military personnel suspected of committing civil crimes
*Reason why civilian was brought into question
 
*Current residence
 
*Occupation
 
*Legal findings
 
*Resolution of matter
 
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The state and county of residence for your ancestor
 +
*The occupation of your ancestor
  
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
+
'''United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866'''
 +
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1834304|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':
 +
# Select '''Select a Surname Range''' to view the images.<br><br>
  
*Name of your ancestor
+
'''United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866'''
*Residence
 
*Occupation
 
  
=== Search the Collection  ===
+
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1845948|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':
 +
# Select '''Document Type'''
 +
# Select '''Record Number/Date/Prison''' to view the images.<br><br>
  
'''To browse by image:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br>⇒Select the “Select a surname range" category which takes you to the images  
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1845948 United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 
 
 
=== Using the Information  ===
 
 
 
When you have located a document about your ancestor, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example use the residence or locality listed to find the family in census, church and land records.
 
 
 
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
 
 
 
*Provost marshal records can be used to place an individual in a specific location at a specific time.
 
*They can show how individual citizens were involved in the Civil War.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*These records may give initials rather than full names so you should use caution in determining if the record is for your ancestor.
 
*Film numbers referenced will tell you in which of the two records sets you will locate the file.&nbsp;:Film numbers F1580-F1662 indicate that the file is located in "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866"
 
  
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in census records
 +
*Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in church records
 +
*Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in land records
 +
*Provost marshal records can be used to place an individual in a specific location at a specific time
 +
*They can show how individual citizens were involved in the Civil War
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
 +
*These records may give initials rather than full names so you should use caution in determining if the record is for your ancestor
 +
*Film numbers referenced will tell you in which of the two records sets you will locate the file<br>
 +
:Film numbers F1580-F1662 indicate that the file is located in "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866"
 
:All other film numbers designate United States Union Provost Marshal Files of "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866."
 
:All other film numbers designate United States Union Provost Marshal Files of "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866."
  
=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ===
+
=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
  
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
*Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records. For example an index to Missourians in the collections is available at <br>
+
*Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records. For example an index to Missourians in the collections is available at  
 +
:[http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/provost/ Index for Missourians in the Provost Marshal's Records]. The dates listed in this index will help you more readily locate the files
  
:[http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/provost/ Index for Missourians in the Provost Marshal's Records]. The dates listed in this index will help you more readily locate the files.
+
=== Research Helps ===
 +
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in [[United States Genealogy|the United States]].
 +
* [[US Military Basic Search Strategies]]
 +
* [[Beginning United States Civil War Research]]
 +
* [[Locating a Union Civil War  Soldier (1861-1865)]]
 +
* [[Locating a Confederate Civil War Soldier (1861–1865)]]
 +
* [[GuidedResearch:United States|United States Guided Research]]
 +
* [[United States Record Finder]]
 +
* [[United States Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
==Citing This Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
*[https://s1.sos.mo.gov/records/archives/archivesdb/provost/ Missouri State Archives Provost Marshal Database]
+
{{Collection_Published}}
*[http://www.tnsos.net/TSLA/provost/index.php Tennessee State Library and Archives Union Provost Marshal Name Index]
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2133278?q=*:* NARA Collection Description M345 and M416]
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/415-confederate-citizens.pdf National Archives Reference Report]
 
*[http://www.civilwarhome.com/ProvostMarshal.htm The Provost Marshal and the Citizen]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
{{Image_Citation}}
  
*[[Union Provost Marshals' File|Union Provost Marshals' File]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
*[[Confederate Prisoner of War Records|Confederate Prisoner of War Records]]
 
 
 
== How You Can Contribute ==
 
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}
 
{{Contributor invite}}
  
==Citations for This Collection==
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br>
 
  
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M345. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}
+
{{H-langs|en=United States, Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Civilians - FamilySearch Historical Records|pt=Estados Unidos, Arquivo de Papéis do Marechal Reitor em Relação aos Civis (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
<br>
 
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
|CID=CID1834304
 
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866
 
}}
 
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M416. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}
 
<br>
 
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
|CID=CID1845948
 
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
 
}}  
 
  
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]
+
[[Category:Civil War, 1861-1865]]

Latest revision as of 10:07, 25 June 2019

United States

Access the Records
United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866  and United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
CID1834304
CID1845948
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
US 33 Star Fort Sumter Flag.jpg
Civil War flag 1861 (33 stars)
NARA logo circular black on white.jpg
National Archives and Records Administration Logo
Record Description
Record Group RG 109: War Department Collection of Confederate Records
Collection years 1861-1866
Microfilm Publication M345. Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians. 300 rolls.
  M416. Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians. 94 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 2133278
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

This article describes multiple collections covering the years 1861 through 1866.

The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of images of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union Army. Records in this collection deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilians suspected of disloyalty, civilian passage through military zones, etc. The records are in Record Group 109 located in the National Archives. This collection corresponds to NARA publication M345: Union Provost Marshals’ File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians.

The collection was digitized from microfilm and is arranged alphabetically by the first two or three letters of the surname. It consists of correspondence, provost court papers, lists of transportation permits, claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces, affidavits, oaths of loyalty and other lists.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866.

The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of mages of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union army. Records in this collection would deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilains suspected of disloyality, civilians passage through military zones, etc. These files (for two or more citizens) are arranged by file number and date.This is National Archive publication M416.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866.


What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

Provost Marshal's file

  • Name of civilian
  • County and/or state of civilian’s residence
  • Reason why civilian was brought into question
  • Current residence
  • Occupation
  • Legal findings
  • Resolution of matter

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

Although the records were kept by the Union Army, they primarily deal with information about confederate citizens and union citizens who were suspected of supporting the confederate cause. They dealt with a wide range of individuals including those who were suspected of disloyalty or of giving aid to the enemy, who violated military orders, were prisoners, were authorized to travel in or to enter the Confederate states, and others. During the war each division, brigade, and corps of the Union Army had a provost marshal. Be aware that

  • Provost marshals kept records of their activities as the military police
  • Provost courts were established to try civilians who violated military orders as well as military personnel suspected of committing civil crimes

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The state and county of residence for your ancestor
  • The occupation of your ancestor

United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select Select a Surname Range to view the images.

United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select Document Type
  2. Select Record Number/Date/Prison to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in census records
  • Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in church records
  • Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in land records
  • Provost marshal records can be used to place an individual in a specific location at a specific time
  • They can show how individual citizens were involved in the Civil War
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • These records may give initials rather than full names so you should use caution in determining if the record is for your ancestor
  • Film numbers referenced will tell you in which of the two records sets you will locate the file
Film numbers F1580-F1662 indicate that the file is located in "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866"
All other film numbers designate United States Union Provost Marshal Files of "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866."

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records. For example an index to Missourians in the collections is available at
Index for Missourians in the Provost Marshal's Records. The dates listed in this index will help you more readily locate the files

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.