Union Prisoner of War Records

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png U.S. Civil War Gotoarrow.png Union Prisoner of War Records


Confederate Prisons for Union Soldiers

Prisoner of war records of Union prisoners are described in The Confederacy: A Guide to the Archives of the Government of the Confederate States of America (Worldcat) (FHL book 973 A5mb 1986) by Henry Putney Beers. Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners are described on pages 247–59.

Union Prisoner of War Records

Andersonville Confederate Prison Records, 1864-1865

The "Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65" (NARA M1303) is a collection of registers, lists, returns, reports, and indexes that relate to Union prisoners of war that were held in the prison at Camp Sumter, Andersonville, GA, February 1864 to April 1865. The records include a register of about 30,000 departures from the prison, indexes and registers of prisoners admitted to the prison hospital, registers of prisoner deaths and burials as well as monthly reports of prisoners.

Online

  • Civil War Prisons - Andersonville is searchable by name and gives rank, company, regiment, date and location captured, date and cause of death, fate, and remarks. It also gives links to related sites.

Published Records

  • Locate these records at a library using Worldcat.

Cahaba Prison

Civil War Prisons - Cahaba, is name searchable  and gives rank, company, regiment, date and location captured, date and cause of death, fate, and remarks. It also gives links to related sites.

Cahaba Prison was located near Selma, Alabama, in the now vanished town of Cahawba. The prison was in a cotton warehouse by the Alabama River. It was in operation off and on from 1862 to April 1865. Over 9,000 men were imprisoned there during that time.[1]

"At its peak in 1864 and 1865, 3,000 men were housed there in with an average living space of only six square feet, by far the most crowded of any prison, north or south. Conditions were harsh, but thanks to a humane prison director and the kindnesses of town people, fewer than 250 soldiers died there. Over 800 men who had been imprisoned at Cahaba perished in the Sultana disaster on April 27, 1865."[2]

Sultana Disaster

Civil War Prisons - Sultana Disaster, is name searchable, and gives rank, regiment, date captured, and fate.

The Sultana disastered occured April 27, 1865, when a boat loaded with Union POWs exploded, killing many of the men who had lived through Andersonville and Cahaba prisons.[3]

Related Books

  • Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War (FHL 973 M2spe) (Worldcat) by Lonnie R. Speer contains the history of Union and Confederate prisons.
  1. Civil War Prisons, Cahaba Prison, (accesses 10 April 2012).
  2. Civil War Prisons, Cahaba Prison, (accesses 10 April 2012).
  3. Civil War Prisons, Sultana Disaster, (accesses 10 April 2012).