Difference between revisions of "Union Navy in the Civil War"

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During the Civil War, several important naval actions made major impacts on the course of the war.  
 
During the Civil War, several important naval actions made major impacts on the course of the war.  
  
By the end of the war, the Union Navy had about 1041 ships and other craft.<ref>U.S. Navy Department. ''Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion''. 30 Volumes. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1894–1922. National Archives Microfilm Publication M275. Digital versions: [http://archive.org/stream/cu31924080777489#page/n5/mode/2up Internet Archives]. {{FHL|256214|item|disp=Family History Books}}. {{FHL|256214|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2unr; films 1490058–88}}.</ref>
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By the end of the war, the Union Navy had about 1041 ships and other craft.<ref>U.S. Navy Department. ''Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion''. 30 Volumes. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1894–1922. National Archives Microfilm Publication M275. Digital versions: [http://archive.org/stream/cu31924080777489#page/n5/mode/2up Internet Archives]. {{FHL|256214|item|disp=Family History Books}}. {{FHL|256214|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2unr; films 1490058–88}}.</ref>  
  
 
=== Union Navy Ships  ===
 
=== Union Navy Ships  ===
  
 
Below are links to the names of ships with information about dates of service in the Civil War and type of ship with a link to the [http://archive.org/stream/cu31924080777489#page/n5/mode/2up Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies] where the information came from.  
 
Below are links to the names of ships with information about dates of service in the Civil War and type of ship with a link to the [http://archive.org/stream/cu31924080777489#page/n5/mode/2up Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies] where the information came from.  
<center>'''Union Civil War Ships by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships A through B|A-B]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships C through D|C-D]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships E through G|E-G]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships H through L|H-L]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships M through N|M-N]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships O through R|O-R]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships S through T|S-T]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships U through Z|U-Z]]</div>  
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<center>'''Union Civil War Ships by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships A through B|A-B]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships C through D|C-D]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships E through G|E-G]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships H through L|H-L]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships M through N|M-N]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships O through R|O-R]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships S through T|S-T]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 50px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Civil War Union Ships U through Z|U-Z]]</div>
<br>
 
  
<br>
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==== Navy Records  ====
  
==== Navy Records ====
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===== Disapproved Pension Applications =====
  
===== Disapproved Pension Applications =====
+
*''Case Files of Disapproved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War and Later Navy Veterans (Navy Widows Originals), 1861-1910''. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1986?
  
*''Case Files of Disapproved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War and Later Navy Veterans (Navy Widows Originals), 1861-1910''. Washington, D.C. : The National Archives, 1986? 
+
:*"The pension applications of widows or dependents include names, ages, residences, and dates and places of birth, marriage, and death...In addition, information about naval commands with which the veteran served, details of battles and campaigns, and activities of individuals may be obtained from application statements, from affidavits of witnesses, and from other documents submitted as proof of service...Furloughs, passes, pay receipts, enlistment papers, discharges, and other records are found in some of the files..."  
:*"The pension applications of widows or dependents include names, ages, residences, and dates and places of birth, marriage, and death...In addition, information about naval commands with which the veteran served, details of battles and campaigns, and activities of individuals may be obtained from application statements, from affidavits of witnesses, and from other documents submitted as proof of service...Furloughs, passes, pay receipts, enlistment papers, discharges, and other records are found in some of the files..."
+
:*"Each pension application file" is on one or more separate microfiche. "The records are arranged numerically by application or file number.  
:*"Each pension application file" is on one or more separate microfiche. "The records are arranged numerically by application or file number.
+
:*A typical Navy widow's or dependent's disapproved pension application file includes an application; a brief of the case prepared by the Bureau of Pensions; a statement of service supplied by the Navy Department and/or certified copies of the veteran's service record provided by State officials; documentary evidence of service, such as commissions or discharge certificates; affidavits or written declarations made by the widow, dependents, physicians, other veterans, and other persons having knowledge of the facts... --Introduction  
:*A typical Navy widow's or dependent's disapproved pension application file includes an application; a brief of the case prepared by the Bureau of Pensions; a statement of service supplied by the Navy Department and/or certified copies of the veteran's service record provided by State officials; documentary evidence of service, such as commissions or discharge certificates; affidavits or written declarations made by the widow, dependents, physicians, other veterans, and other persons having knowledge of the facts... --Introduction
 
 
:*On 7,034 FHL microfiche starting with {{FHL|452487|item|disp=fiche 6333805}} which is an index.
 
:*On 7,034 FHL microfiche starting with {{FHL|452487|item|disp=fiche 6333805}} which is an index.
  
===== Chronology  =====
+
==== Officers ====
  
*Navy Department. Naval History Division, compiler. ''Civil War Naval Chronology''. 6 parts. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1961–65. {{FHL|588648|item|disp=FHL film 1550320}}. A chronological listing of the naval war and important events. <br>
+
*Hamersly, Lewis R. ''The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps: with a History of Naval Operations During the Rebellion of 1861-5, and a List of the Ships and Officers Participating in the Great Battles''.&nbsp; Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1994. Microfiche of original published: Philadelphia&nbsp;: J.B. Lippincott, c1870. 350 p. Digital version on [http://archive.org/stream/recordsliving00hamerich#page/n7/mode/2up Internet Archives] and [https://dcms.lds.org/view/action/ieViewer.do?from_proxy=true&dps_pid=IE203045&dps_dvs=1343777270421~330&dps_pid=IE203045&change_lng=en FamilySearch]. Also {{FHL|824545|item|disp=FHL fiche 6118727}}
  
===== Ships  =====
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==== Ships  ====
  
 
*Silverstone, Paul H. ''Warships of the Civil War Navies''. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989. {{FHL|493772|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2sil}}. Gives brief service histories of naval vessels and includes many photographs of naval ships. <br>
 
*Silverstone, Paul H. ''Warships of the Civil War Navies''. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989. {{FHL|493772|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2sil}}. Gives brief service histories of naval vessels and includes many photographs of naval ships. <br>
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A reference aid to the Official Records is:  
 
A reference aid to the Official Records is:  
  
*Aimone, Alan C., and Barbara A. Aimone. ''User’s Guide to the Official Records of the American Civil War.'' Shippinsburg, Pennsylvania: White Maine Publishing, 1993. {{FHL|393597|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29ua}}. Provides a history of the compilation of the official records.
+
*Aimone, Alan C., and Barbara A. Aimone. ''User’s Guide to the Official Records of the American Civil War.'' Shippinsburg, Pennsylvania: White Maine Publishing, 1993. {{FHL|393597|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29ua}}. Provides a history of the compilation of the official records.<br>
  
<br>
+
==== Logbooks ====
 
 
==== Logbooks ====
 
  
 
Logbooks give information about the officers, number of other seamen on a ship, and the daily incidents pertaining to a ship. The following book is an alphabetical list of ships with the date span of their logbooks available at the National Archives.<br>  
 
Logbooks give information about the officers, number of other seamen on a ship, and the daily incidents pertaining to a ship. The following book is an alphabetical list of ships with the date span of their logbooks available at the National Archives.<br>  
Line 53: Line 49:
 
*Bradley, Claudia, et.al., comp. ''List of logbooks of U.S. Navy ships, stations and miscellaneous units, 1801-1947'', Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1978. {{FHL|192740|item|disp=FHL book 973 M3lo}}
 
*Bradley, Claudia, et.al., comp. ''List of logbooks of U.S. Navy ships, stations and miscellaneous units, 1801-1947'', Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1978. {{FHL|192740|item|disp=FHL book 973 M3lo}}
  
==== Officers<br> ====
+
=== Other Sources ===
  
*Hamersly, Lewis R. ''The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps: with a History of Naval Operations During the Rebellion of 1861-5, and a List of the Ships and Officers Participating in the Great Battles''.&nbsp; Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1994. Microfiche of original published: Philadelphia&nbsp;: J.B. Lippincott, c1870. 350 p. Digital version on [http://archive.org/stream/recordsliving00hamerich#page/n7/mode/2up Internet Archives] and [https://dcms.lds.org/view/action/ieViewer.do?from_proxy=true&dps_pid=IE203045&dps_dvs=1343777270421~330&dps_pid=IE203045&change_lng=en FamilySearch]. Also {{FHL|824545|item|disp=FHL fiche 6118727}} <br>
+
==== Chronology  ====
  
=== Other Sources  ===
+
*Navy Department. Naval History Division, compiler. ''Civil War Naval Chronology''. 6 parts. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1961–65. {{FHL|588648|item|disp=FHL film 1550320}}. A chronological listing of the naval war and important events.
  
 
==== Web Sites  ====
 
==== Web Sites  ====
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==== Blogs  ====
 
==== Blogs  ====
  
[http://www.civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/ Civil War Navy Sesquicentennial] is the official blog for the sharing of information about the events of the Civil War Navy Sesquicentennial.<br>
+
[http://www.civilwarnavy150.blogspot.com/ Civil War Navy Sesquicentennial] is the official blog for the sharing of information about the events of the Civil War Navy Sesquicentennial.
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===

Revision as of 23:57, 31 July 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png U.S. Civil War Gotoarrow.png Union Navy in the Civil War

[[Image:
USS Kearsarge (1861)
]]

Introduction

During the Civil War, several important naval actions made major impacts on the course of the war.

By the end of the war, the Union Navy had about 1041 ships and other craft.[1]

Union Navy Ships

Below are links to the names of ships with information about dates of service in the Civil War and type of ship with a link to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies where the information came from.

Union Civil War Ships by Name
Union Units
A-B
C-D
E-G
H-L
M-N
O-R
S-T
U-Z

Navy Records

Disapproved Pension Applications
  • Case Files of Disapproved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War and Later Navy Veterans (Navy Widows Originals), 1861-1910. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1986?
  • "The pension applications of widows or dependents include names, ages, residences, and dates and places of birth, marriage, and death...In addition, information about naval commands with which the veteran served, details of battles and campaigns, and activities of individuals may be obtained from application statements, from affidavits of witnesses, and from other documents submitted as proof of service...Furloughs, passes, pay receipts, enlistment papers, discharges, and other records are found in some of the files..."
  • "Each pension application file" is on one or more separate microfiche. "The records are arranged numerically by application or file number.
  • A typical Navy widow's or dependent's disapproved pension application file includes an application; a brief of the case prepared by the Bureau of Pensions; a statement of service supplied by the Navy Department and/or certified copies of the veteran's service record provided by State officials; documentary evidence of service, such as commissions or discharge certificates; affidavits or written declarations made by the widow, dependents, physicians, other veterans, and other persons having knowledge of the facts... --Introduction
  • On 7,034 FHL microfiche starting with fiche 6333805 which is an index.

Officers

  • Hamersly, Lewis R. The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps: with a History of Naval Operations During the Rebellion of 1861-5, and a List of the Ships and Officers Participating in the Great Battles.  Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1994. Microfiche of original published: Philadelphia : J.B. Lippincott, c1870. 350 p. Digital version on Internet Archives and FamilySearch. Also FHL fiche 6118727

Ships

  • Silverstone, Paul H. Warships of the Civil War Navies. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989. FHL book 973 M2sil. Gives brief service histories of naval vessels and includes many photographs of naval ships.
  • U.S. Navy Department. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. 30 Volumes. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1894–1922. National Archives Microfilm Publication M275. Similar to the official records of the armies, it is known as the ORN (Official Records . . . Navy). Its two series contain reports and correspondence on the Northern blockade of Southern ports and on matters concerning the Confederate Navy. Volume 1, series II has an index to Union and Confederate ships, statistical data, and muster rolls of confederate vessels. Digital versions at Internet Archive, and FamilySearch. FHL book 973 M2unr; films 1490058–88.

The following is an index to this set:

  • Knox, Dudley W. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion . . . General Index. . . 1927. Reprint, New York, New York: Antiquarian Press, 1961. FHL book 973 M2unr index; film 0924604 item 2. Alphabetically arranged with reference to series and volume number. The page number is located by searching the index in the specific volume referred to in the general index.

A reference aid to the Official Records is:

  • Aimone, Alan C., and Barbara A. Aimone. User’s Guide to the Official Records of the American Civil War. Shippinsburg, Pennsylvania: White Maine Publishing, 1993. FHL book 973 M29ua. Provides a history of the compilation of the official records.

Logbooks

Logbooks give information about the officers, number of other seamen on a ship, and the daily incidents pertaining to a ship. The following book is an alphabetical list of ships with the date span of their logbooks available at the National Archives.

  • Bradley, Claudia, et.al., comp. List of logbooks of U.S. Navy ships, stations and miscellaneous units, 1801-1947, Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1978. FHL book 973 M3lo

Other Sources

Chronology

  • Navy Department. Naval History Division, compiler. Civil War Naval Chronology. 6 parts. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1961–65. FHL film 1550320. A chronological listing of the naval war and important events.

Web Sites

General Civil War Helps

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Florida in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.

Blogs

Civil War Navy Sesquicentennial is the official blog for the sharing of information about the events of the Civil War Navy Sesquicentennial.

References

  1. U.S. Navy Department. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. 30 Volumes. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1894–1922. National Archives Microfilm Publication M275. Digital versions: Internet Archives. Family History Books. FHL book 973 M2unr; films 1490058–88.