Difference between revisions of "Union County, New Mexico Genealogy"

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United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Union County

Guide to Union County New Mexico genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New Mexico_Online_Genealogy_Records New Mexico
Online Records

Union County, New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded February 23, 1893
County Seat Clayton
Address Union County Courthouse
200 Court Street PO Box 430;
Clayton, NM 88415
Phone: 505.374.9491
Union County Clerk's Website


County Courthouse

Union County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Union County Courthouse
200 Court Street PO Box 430;
Clayton, NM 88415
Phone: 505.374.9491 

County Clerk has marriage records from 1894, probate, court and land records; District Court Clerk has divorce records.[1]

Parent County

  • Up until 1821 New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • From 1821 until 1846Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City. Starting in 1846 United States forces occupied New Mexico during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 Land that became Union County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with ratification of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

1893-- Union County, New Mexico was created 23 February from Colfax, Mora, and San Miguel counties.[1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss



Towns and Villages

Populated Places

  • Amistad Capulin,
  • Clayton
  • Des Moines
  • Folsom
  • Gladstone
  • Grenville
  • Hayden
  • Mount Dora
  • Sedan
  • Seneca
  • Sofia
  • Stead

List of Union County Place Names


Historic or Ghost Towns

  • Airolo
  • Alps
  • Amboy
  • Apache
  • Atencio
  • Barney
  • Beenham
  • Capulin
  • Centerville
  • Codorniz
  • Corrumpa
  • Cuates
  • Dead Man
  • Devoy
  • Dolores
  • Emberson*
  • Emery Gap
  • Exter
  • Frampton
  • Garcia
  • Gem
  • Grande
  • Grandview
  • Gregory
  • Grenville
  • Guy
  • Harrington
  • Hayden
  • Holland
  • Hope
  • Ione
  • Johnson
  • Kephart
  • Kimball
  • Leighton
  • Louis
  • Madison
  • Malpaiz
  • Mansker
  • Miera
  • Moses
  • North Desmoines
  • Otto
  • Patterson
  • Pennington
  • Penrith
  • Pleasant
  • Sampson
  • Santander
  • Sierra Grande
  • Smith
  • Sofia
  • Spring Hill
  • Staunton
  • Stonehaven
  • Tate
  • Telesfora
  • Thomas
  • Towanda
  • Tramperas
  • Travesilla
  • Valley
  • Vance
  • Vargas
  • Veda
  • Wanette
  • Willow
  • Willow Springs

Interactive Map, Town Details Historic Post Offices; All Post Offices List of Place Names
List of Historic Places of Union County, National Register

Towns or Places with Name Changes

The Older name will be listed first and generally followed by the more current name.

1. Capulin = Dedman = Capulin

Neighboring Counties



Search by Name
Amistad Cemetery, Antioch Cemetery, Brown Cemetery, Burchard Cemetery,  Capulin Cemetery, Centerville Cemetery, Clayton Cemetery, Clayton Memorial Cemetery, Corrumpa Cemetery, Creeds Chapel Cemetery, Dempsey Cemetery, Des Moines Catholic Cemetery, Des Moines Cemetery, Drew Cemetery, Fairmount Cemetery, Fairview CemeteryFolsom Catholic Cemetery, Folsom Cemetery, Garcia Plaza Cemetery, Giles Cemetery, Gladstone Cemetery, God's Acre Cemetery, Grandview Cemetery, Grenville Cemetery, Hardesty Cross L Ranch Cemetery, Hayden Cemetery, Hereford Park Ranch Cemetery, Independent Order of Oddfellows Cemetery, Knollwood Cemetery, La Morada Cemetery, Maplewood Cemetery, Martinez Cemetery, Moses Cemetery, Newkirk Family Cemetery, Obar Cemetery, Ojo Bonito Cemetery, Ojo del Pinaveta Cemetery, Old Clayton Cemetery, Otto Cemetery, Padilla Cemetery, Pedernal Cemetery, Perschbacher Ranch Cemetery, Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Puertocito Cemetery, Rinker Cemetery, Rivera Cemetery, Sanchez Cemetery, Sedan Cemetery, Shaha Cemetery, Sofia Cemetery, St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery, Thomas Cemetery, Wanette Cemetery, YL Bar Ranch Cemetery

Search by location
Amistad, Capulin, Centerville, Clayton, Des Moines, Folsom, Gladstone, Grenville, Hayden, McNees Crossing, MieraObar, Pennington, Sofia, Thomas.


For tips on accessing Union County, New Mexico Genealogy census records online, see: New Mexico Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Union County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

List of Settlers, 1880

     1. Upper and Lower Dry Cimarron , click here

Online information about Pioneers and Settlers listed by surname

      1. A-E   2. F-L  3. M-R   4. S-Z





Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.


Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers


  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, New Mexico page 475, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
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