US Migration Railroads
Some American settlers moved to new homes by railroad. Railroads were faster, less expensive, and healthier than overland travel by covered wagon. Railroads often organized immigrant trains to encourage settlement (and eventually business) along their routes.
|Transcon-tinental Service Started||Railroad||Normal Route||Last Spike at|
|1869||Union Pacific + Central Pacific||Omaha, NE - Sacramento, CA||Promontory Summit, UT|
|1882||Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe + Southern Pacific||Chicago, IL - Los Angeles, CA||Deming, NM|
|1883||Southern Pacific||New Orleans, LA - Sacramento, CA||Pecos River, TX|
|1883||Northern Pacific|| Duluth, MN - Seattle, WA
||Gold Creek, MT|
|1885||Atlantic & Pacific||Albuquerque, NM - Los Angeles, CA|| |
|1885||Canadian Pacific||Halifax, NS - Vancouver, BC||Craigellachie, BC|
|1893||Great Northern||Chicago, IL - Seattle, WA||Scenic, WA|
|1925||Union Pacific (via Boise, ID)||Granger, WY - Portland, OR|| |
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