Difference between revisions of "US Migration Canals"

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=== Historic Background  ===
 
=== Historic Background  ===
  
Transportation canals in the United states helped connect isolated rural areas to urban population centers. The golden age of historic transportation canals was from 1820 until the spread of railroads about 1860. Settlers flooded into regions serviced by such canals and the waterways they connected, because they could use the waterways to sell their agricultural products and obtain manufactured goods. The Erie Canal connected New York City to the Great Lakes. The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River system. The short Louisville and Portland Canal by-passed&nbsp;some waterfalls&nbsp;and greatly extended how far a boat or raft could travel on&nbsp;the Ohio River. Pennsylvania combined canals and railroads. New Jersey, Maryland, Ohio, and Indiana also built canals that were enticing to settlers.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canals (accessed 22 June 2009).</ref>  
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Transportation canals in the United states helped connect isolated rural areas to urban population centers. The golden age of historic transportation canals was from 1820 until the spread of railroads about 1860. Settlers flooded into regions serviced by such canals and the waterways they connected because they could use the waterways to sell their agricultural products and obtain manufactured goods. The Erie Canal connected New York City to the Great Lakes. The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River system. The short Louisville and Portland Canal by-passed&nbsp;some waterfalls&nbsp;and greatly extended how far a boat or raft could travel on&nbsp;the Ohio River. Pennsylvania combined canals and railroads. New Jersey, Maryland, Ohio, and Indiana also built canals that were enticing to settlers.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canals (accessed 22 June 2009).</ref>  
  
 
Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals, waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.
 
Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals, waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.

Revision as of 14:44, 23 June 2009

United States  >  Migration  >  Canals

Historic Background

Transportation canals in the United states helped connect isolated rural areas to urban population centers. The golden age of historic transportation canals was from 1820 until the spread of railroads about 1860. Settlers flooded into regions serviced by such canals and the waterways they connected because they could use the waterways to sell their agricultural products and obtain manufactured goods. The Erie Canal connected New York City to the Great Lakes. The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River system. The short Louisville and Portland Canal by-passed some waterfalls and greatly extended how far a boat or raft could travel on the Ohio River. Pennsylvania combined canals and railroads. New Jersey, Maryland, Ohio, and Indiana also built canals that were enticing to settlers.[1]

Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals, waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.

List of Significant Canals

Some of the most significant canals to American settlers were:

Chronological List of United States Canals Used by Settlers
Name Date Opened Origin Destination
Champlain Canal 1818/1823 Hudson River (Troy, New York) Lake Champlain (Whitehall, New York)
Erie Canal
1825/1832 Hudson River (Albany, New York)
Lake Erie (Buffalo, New York )
Ohio and Erie Canal 1828/1832 Lake Erie (Cleveland, Ohio)
Ohio River (Portsmouth, Ohio)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
1836 Georgetown, D.C. Cumberland, Maryland
Illinois and Michigan Canal 1848 Lake Michigan (Chicago, Illinois) Illinois River (Peru, Illinois)

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Canal" in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canals (accessed 22 June 2009).