Difference between revisions of "US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings"

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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US_Immigration_Mexican_Border_Crossings|Mexican Border Crossing Records]]''
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[US_Immigration_Mexican_Border_Crossings|Mexican Border Crossing Records]]''  
  
Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:
+
Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. An online index is available at&nbsp;[[Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]. &nbsp;Microfilm of these records is organized by the immigration border town where the crossing took place.<br>
  
[[Image:United States - Mexico Border Stations.png|thumb|right|475px]]
+
[http://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/crossing-the-frontera/681 Crossing the Frontera] is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.  
  
=== Arizona  ===
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[[Image:United States - Mexico Border Stations.png|thumb|right|475px|United States - Mexico Border Stations.png]]
  
*{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, alien arrivals 1906-1910}} <br><br>
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<br>
*{{FHL|1125728|title-id|disp=Douglas, alien arrivals 1906-1955}} <br>
+
 
*{{FHL|1193845|title-id|disp=Naco, index and manifests 1908-1952 }}<br>
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=== Mexico Border Stations  ===
*{{FHL|1193927|title-id|disp=Nogales, index and manifests 1905-1952}}<br>
+
 
 +
==== Arizona  ====
 +
 
 +
*{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, alien arrivals 1906-1910}} <br><br>  
 +
*{{FHL|1125728|title-id|disp=Douglas, alien arrivals 1906-1955}} <br>  
 +
*{{FHL|1193845|title-id|disp=Naco, index and manifests 1908-1952 }}<br>  
 +
*{{FHL|1193927|title-id|disp=Nogales, index and manifests 1905-1952}}<br>  
 
*{{FHL|830288|title-id|disp=San Luis, alphabetical manifests 1929-1952}}  
 
*{{FHL|830288|title-id|disp=San Luis, alphabetical manifests 1929-1952}}  
 
*{{FHL|1139108|title-id|disp=Sasabe/San Fernanodo, index and manifests 1919-1952}}
 
*{{FHL|1139108|title-id|disp=Sasabe/San Fernanodo, index and manifests 1919-1952}}
  
=== California  ===
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==== California  ====
  
 
*{{FHL|738512|title-id|disp=Andrade and Campo (Tecate), alien arrivals 1910-1952}}  
 
*{{FHL|738512|title-id|disp=Andrade and Campo (Tecate), alien arrivals 1910-1952}}  
 
*{{FHL|986139|title-id|disp=San Ysidro (Tia Juana) alien arrivals 1908-1952}}
 
*{{FHL|986139|title-id|disp=San Ysidro (Tia Juana) alien arrivals 1908-1952}}
  
=== New Mexico  ===
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==== New Mexico  ====
  
 
*{{FHL|1193924|title-id|disp=Columbus, New Mexico, alphabetical manifests 1917-1954}}  
 
*{{FHL|1193924|title-id|disp=Columbus, New Mexico, alphabetical manifests 1917-1954}}  
 
*see also [[Texas Emigration and Immigration#Mexican_Border_Crossing_Records|Texas: El Paso, Fabens, Fort Hancock, Ysleta]]  
 
*see also [[Texas Emigration and Immigration#Mexican_Border_Crossing_Records|Texas: El Paso, Fabens, Fort Hancock, Ysleta]]  
*[[Border_Crossings_from_Mexico_to_the_United_States_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States]]<br>
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*[[Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States]]<br>
  
=== Texas  ===
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==== Texas  ====
  
*{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City, and Roma, Texas, alien arrivals 1903-1909}} (A3365)<br><br>
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*{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City, and Roma, Texas, alien arrivals 1903-1909}} (A3365)<br><br>  
*{{FHL|1193787|title-id|disp='''Brownsville''', indexes and manifests 1905-1953}} (M1502)<br>
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*{{FHL|1193787|title-id|disp='''Brownsville''', indexes and manifests 1905-1953}} (M1502)<br>  
 
*{{FHL|719694|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', chronological manifests 1905-1953}} (M1758)  
 
*{{FHL|719694|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', chronological manifests 1905-1953}} (M1758)  
 
*{{FHL|1193796|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', alphabetical cards 1905-1929}} (M1754)&nbsp;  
 
*{{FHL|1193796|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', alphabetical cards 1905-1929}} (M1754)&nbsp;  
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*{{FHL|1193799|title-id|disp='''El Paso''', alphabetical applications for I.D. cards 1945-1952}} (M175)  
 
*{{FHL|1193799|title-id|disp='''El Paso''', alphabetical applications for I.D. cards 1945-1952}} (M175)  
 
*{{FHL|1139387|title-id|disp='''Fabens''', alphabetical cards 1924-1954}} (M1768)  
 
*{{FHL|1139387|title-id|disp='''Fabens''', alphabetical cards 1924-1954}} (M1768)  
*{{FHL|1139122|title-id|disp='''Fort Hancock''', alphabetical manifests 1924-1954}} (M1766)<br>
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*{{FHL|1139122|title-id|disp='''Fort Hancock''', alphabetical manifests 1924-1954}} (M1766)<br>  
*{{FHL|1193817|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alien arrivals 1903-1907}} (M2008)<br>
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*{{FHL|1193817|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alien arrivals 1903-1907}} (M2008)<br>  
 
*{{FHL|1231455|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1903-1929}} (A3379)  
 
*{{FHL|1231455|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1903-1929}} (A3379)  
 
*{{FHL|1125729|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1929-1955}} (M1722)  
 
*{{FHL|1125729|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1929-1955}} (M1722)  
*{{FHL|1193810|title-id|disp='''Progreso/Thayer''', index and manifests 1928-1955}} (M1851)<br>
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*{{FHL|1193810|title-id|disp='''Progreso/Thayer''', index and manifests 1928-1955}} (M1851)<br>  
*{{FHL|830287|title-id|disp='''Roma''', index and manifests 1928-1955}} (M1503)<br>
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*{{FHL|830287|title-id|disp='''Roma''', index and manifests 1928-1955}} (M1503)<br>  
 
*{{FHL|738348|title-id|disp='''Ysleta''', alphabetical manifests and applications for I.D. cards 1924-1954}} (M1849)  
 
*{{FHL|738348|title-id|disp='''Ysleta''', alphabetical manifests and applications for I.D. cards 1924-1954}} (M1849)  
 
*{{FHL|737949|title-id|disp='''Zapata''', indexes and manifests 1923-1953}} (M2024)
 
*{{FHL|737949|title-id|disp='''Zapata''', indexes and manifests 1923-1953}} (M2024)
  
{{United States-stub}}
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=== <br> Card Manifest Descriptions  ===
 +
 
 +
Card manifests were collected for each person crossing the border. These forms were patterned after the ship manifest cards used at other ports. &nbsp;Different types of card manifests were implemented for various purposes. &nbsp;The most common forms are described below. When viewing these cards it is important to check the reverse side of the card. &nbsp;The "back side" of the card many include instructions about the card, lists of multiple entries into the U.S. for the individual, or an attached photograph.
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
'''Statistical''' reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere. &nbsp;
 +
 
 +
'''Non-statistical'''&nbsp;reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants who were natives of&nbsp;Western Hemisphere nations.<br> <br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | '''U.S. Immigration Mexican Border Crossing Card Manifests'''
 +
|-
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Form Number'''
 +
| width="75%" align="center" | '''Description'''
 +
|-
 +
| width="20" align="left" | Form 548<br> Form 548-B <br> Form I-448 <br> ''Manifest'' <br><br> '''Most Common Manifest'''&nbsp;
 +
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:
 +
*Marital Status
 +
*Place of Birth
 +
*Physical Description
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Ability read or write, and in what language
 +
*Last permanent residence
 +
*Destination
 +
*Purpose for entering the U.S.
 +
*Intent to become a U.S. citizen
 +
*Head tax status
 +
*Previous citizenships
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| width="20" align="left" |
 +
Form 502<br>(unnamed)<br> Form 1502<br>(unnamed)
 +
 
 +
| width="75" align="left" | Printed and intended as a card index to ship passenger arrivals. The form listed:
 +
*Steamer line (steamship line)
 +
*Group number (page number for ship manifest)
 +
*List (line number on ship manifest) <br>
 +
 
 +
Adapted for use with land border arrivals with
 +
 
 +
*Immigrant's name, age, sex
 +
*Steamer=name of railroad
 +
*Line=destination, date and port of arrival
 +
*Group=manifest number ( not significant information)
 +
*List=changed to Serial Number<br>
 +
 
 +
The serial number and date of arrival may be used to find the corresponding sheet manifest. <br>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| width="20" align="left" |
 +
Form 621
 +
 
 +
Statistical
 +
 
 +
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:
 +
*Marital Status
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Ability read or write
 +
*Last place of residence
 +
*Future place of residence
 +
*Place of Birth
 +
*Physical Description
 +
*Who paid the immigrant's passage
 +
*The amount of money the immigrant brought
 +
*Names of persons accompanying the immigrant
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| width="20" align="left" |
 +
Form 622
 +
 
 +
Statistical
 +
 
 +
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:
 +
*Marital Status
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Ability read or write
 +
*Last place of residence
 +
*Future place of residence
 +
*Place of Birth
 +
*Physical Description
 +
*Who paid the immigrant's passage
 +
*The amount of money the immigrant brought
 +
*Names of persons accompanying the immigrant<br>
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== About this collection  ===
 +
 
 +
'''A wiki article describing Mexican Border Crossing Records is found at:'''
 +
 
 +
[[Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Border Crossing from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration]] [[Category:Mexico]] [[Category:United_States]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration]] [[Category:Mexico]] [[Category:United_States]]

Revision as of 23:38, 7 February 2013

United States  go to  Emigration and Immigration  go to  Mexican Border Crossing Records

Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. An online index is available at Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records).  Microfilm of these records is organized by the immigration border town where the crossing took place.

Crossing the Frontera is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.

United States - Mexico Border Stations.png


Mexico Border Stations

Arizona

California

New Mexico

Texas


Card Manifest Descriptions

Card manifests were collected for each person crossing the border. These forms were patterned after the ship manifest cards used at other ports.  Different types of card manifests were implemented for various purposes.  The most common forms are described below. When viewing these cards it is important to check the reverse side of the card.  The "back side" of the card many include instructions about the card, lists of multiple entries into the U.S. for the individual, or an attached photograph.


Statistical reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere.  

Non-statistical reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants who were natives of Western Hemisphere nations.

U.S. Immigration Mexican Border Crossing Card Manifests
Form Number Description
Form 548
Form 548-B
Form I-448
Manifest

Most Common Manifest 
Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write, and in what language
  • Last permanent residence
  • Destination
  • Purpose for entering the U.S.
  • Intent to become a U.S. citizen
  • Head tax status
  • Previous citizenships

Form 502
(unnamed)
Form 1502
(unnamed)

Printed and intended as a card index to ship passenger arrivals. The form listed:
  • Steamer line (steamship line)
  • Group number (page number for ship manifest)
  • List (line number on ship manifest)

Adapted for use with land border arrivals with

  • Immigrant's name, age, sex
  • Steamer=name of railroad
  • Line=destination, date and port of arrival
  • Group=manifest number ( not significant information)
  • List=changed to Serial Number

The serial number and date of arrival may be used to find the corresponding sheet manifest.

Form 621

Statistical

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Who paid the immigrant's passage
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant

Form 622

Statistical

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Who paid the immigrant's passage
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant

About this collection

A wiki article describing Mexican Border Crossing Records is found at:

Border Crossing from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)