Difference between revisions of "U.S. Army"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Military Records|Military Records ]] >  [[U.S._Army|U.S. Army]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[U.S. Army|U.S. Army]]''
  
 
The United States Army was created when Congress created a permanent military under the Act of 29 September 1789. The Army has participated in every war the United States has entered.  
 
The United States Army was created when Congress created a permanent military under the Act of 29 September 1789. The Army has participated in every war the United States has entered.  
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'''Service Records'''  
 
'''Service Records'''  
  
Compiled service records were never created for enlisted personnel, but enlistment papers and other records are available at the National Archives. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the following:
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Compiled service records were never created for enlisted personnel, but enlistment papers and other records are available at the National Archives.
  
*''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F43696 Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798–1914]''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M233. (On 81 FHL films beginning with 350307.) These give the soldier’s name, rank, regiment, company commander, height, weight, eye color, hair, complexion, age, occupation, county and state of birth, and enlistment date and place. The registers from 1798 to 30 June 1821 are arranged in alphabetical order. Those for later years are arranged by the initial letter of the soldier’s surname, then chronologically by month and year of enlistment.A helpful source for African-American soldiers is:
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*A register of enlistments is available online, see [[US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914]]. These give the soldier’s name, rank, regiment, company commander, height, weight, eye color, hair, complexion, age, occupation, county and state of birth, and enlistment date and place. The registers from 1798 to 30 June 1821 are arranged in alphabetical order. Those for later years are arranged by the initial letter of the soldier’s surname, then chronologically by month and year of enlistment.
*Schubert, Frank N. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F368895 ''On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier: Biographies of African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866–1917''.] Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1995. (FHL book 973 Sch78o.) Contains short biographical sketches listing rank and unit served with; few contain birth and other personal data. The source of the original information is cited.
 
*Many records may no longer be available because of a 1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center.
 
  
:'''Wiki articles describing this collection is found at:'''
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*The "[[Historical Register and Dictionary of the US Army|Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army]]..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 in two volumes giving a brief history of the officers service and awards received. Casualties (including prisoners of war) from 1789 to 1902 are also listed as well as a chronological list of battles, actions, etc., in which troops of the Regular Army have participated. This book is the work of Francis B. Heitman, a private compiler, purchased and published under an act of Congress approved March 2, 1903.
  
:*[[United States Registers of Enlistment in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*A helpful source for African-American soldiers is: Schubert, Frank N. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F368895 ''On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier: Biographies of African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866–1917''.] Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1995. (FHL book 973 Sch78o.) Contains short biographical sketches listing rank and unit served with; few contain birth and other personal data. The source of the original information is cited.  
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*Many records may no longer be available because of a 1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center.
  
 
'''Pension Records'''  
 
'''Pension Records'''  
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An index to pensions awarded to soldiers based on army service between 1783 and 1861, including the Indian wars, is listed below:  
 
An index to pensions awarded to soldiers based on army service between 1783 and 1861, including the Indian wars, is listed below:  
  
*''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F98862 Old Wars Index to Pension Files, 1815–1926]. '' National Archives Microfilm Publication T316. (FHL films 821603-9) The index gives name; name and class of dependents (if any); service unit; application, file, and certificate file numbers; and state from which the claim was made. To find specific microfilm numbers, look in the Locality search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
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*The "[[Old War Index to Pension Files, 1815-1926]]" (NARA T316) includes pensioners of the U.S. Army. The records are available online. They relate mainly to pensions based on death or disability incurred in service between the years of 1816-1861 and cover regular army, navy and volunteer soldiers.
 
 
<span />UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS - PENSIONS - INDEXES
 
  
 
The following is a published version of the same index:  
 
The following is a published version of the same index:  
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*White, Virgil D.[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F627915 ''Index to Old Wars Pension Files 1815–1926'']. 2 vols. Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing, 1987. (FHL book 973 M22wh.)
 
*White, Virgil D.[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F627915 ''Index to Old Wars Pension Files 1815–1926'']. 2 vols. Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing, 1987. (FHL book 973 M22wh.)
  
'''<br>Sources for Further Reading'''  
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'''Sources for Further Reading'''  
  
 
*Dawson, Joseph G. III. ''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F412205 The Late Nineteenth Century U.S. Army, 1865–1898: A Research Guide]''. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23ln.) A comprehensive bibliography of sources for the Indian Wars, Reconstruction, forts, and the Army on the western frontier.  
 
*Dawson, Joseph G. III. ''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F412205 The Late Nineteenth Century U.S. Army, 1865–1898: A Research Guide]''. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23ln.) A comprehensive bibliography of sources for the Indian Wars, Reconstruction, forts, and the Army on the western frontier.  
*Heitman, Francis B. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F224525 ''Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, from Its Organization September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903''.] 2 vols. 1903. Reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. (FHL book 973 M2hh, 1994.) (1903 edition FHL film 002237.) The first volume has brief sketches of commissioned officers; the second has lists of battles and skirmishes, forts, military hospitals, and national cemeteries, as well as brief organizational chronologies of U.S. Army units.
 
  
 
{{U.S. Military}}  
 
{{U.S. Military}}  
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Military|Army]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Military|Army]]

Revision as of 00:50, 23 April 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png U.S. Army

The United States Army was created when Congress created a permanent military under the Act of 29 September 1789. The Army has participated in every war the United States has entered.

The following books discuss the Army’s history and development.

Service Records

Compiled service records were never created for enlisted personnel, but enlistment papers and other records are available at the National Archives.

  • A register of enlistments is available online, see US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914. These give the soldier’s name, rank, regiment, company commander, height, weight, eye color, hair, complexion, age, occupation, county and state of birth, and enlistment date and place. The registers from 1798 to 30 June 1821 are arranged in alphabetical order. Those for later years are arranged by the initial letter of the soldier’s surname, then chronologically by month and year of enlistment.
  • The "Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 in two volumes giving a brief history of the officers service and awards received. Casualties (including prisoners of war) from 1789 to 1902 are also listed as well as a chronological list of battles, actions, etc., in which troops of the Regular Army have participated. This book is the work of Francis B. Heitman, a private compiler, purchased and published under an act of Congress approved March 2, 1903.
  • A helpful source for African-American soldiers is: Schubert, Frank N. On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier: Biographies of African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866–1917. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1995. (FHL book 973 Sch78o.) Contains short biographical sketches listing rank and unit served with; few contain birth and other personal data. The source of the original information is cited.
  • Many records may no longer be available because of a 1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center.

Pension Records

Pension files are available for Army enlisted men and officers. Check for evidence of a pension application in the previously described microfilm indexes for the War of 1812 through the Philippine Insurrection. Refer to the article of the specific war served, then look under the heading “Pension Records.”

An index to pensions awarded to soldiers based on army service between 1783 and 1861, including the Indian wars, is listed below:

  • The "Old War Index to Pension Files, 1815-1926" (NARA T316) includes pensioners of the U.S. Army. The records are available online. They relate mainly to pensions based on death or disability incurred in service between the years of 1816-1861 and cover regular army, navy and volunteer soldiers.

The following is a published version of the same index:

Sources for Further Reading