Thomas County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Thomas County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Thomas County, Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Location of Georgia in the U.S.
Founded December 23, 1825
County Seat Thomasville
Address Thomas County Courthouse
225 N Broad Street
Thomasville, GA 31792
Phone: 229.225.4108 
Thomas County Website

County Courthouse

Thomas County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Thomas County Courthouse
225 N Broad Street
Thomasville, GA 31792
Phone: 229.225.4108 

County Health Department has birt and death records;
Probate Court has marriage and probate records;
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and court records
from 1919 and land records from 1826[1]


Parent County

1825--Thomas County was created 23 December 1825 from Decatur andIrwin Counties. County seat: Thomasville [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1849 -- Courthouse damaged by storm.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





First Presbyterian Church, Thomasville

  • 1854-1917 - First Presbyterian Church, Thomasville, Baptism Index 1854-1917. Batch C713831 at FamilySearch - free.[3]



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

  • MacIntyre, W. Irwin. History of Thomas County, Georgia: From the Time of DeSoto to the Civil War. Thomasville, Ga.: 1923. Digital version at Ancestry ($).



  1885-1886 Marriages (from newspapers) Georgia Pioneers




Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Thomas County Health Department, Vital Records, P.O. Box 148, Thomasville, GA 31799-0148, Phone: (229) 226-4241

  • 1826-1865 - Thomas County Marriage Index 1826-1865. Batch M713821 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1849-1880 - Thomas County Marriage Books E, H, and I Index 1849-1880. Batch M713822 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1868-1874 - Thomas County Marriage Index 1868-1874. Batch M713827 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1879-1885 - Thomas County Marriage Book J Index 1879-1885. Batch M713823 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1885-1889 - Thomas County Marriage Book K Index 1885-1889. Batch M713824 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1889-1895 - Thomas County Marriage Book L Index 1889-1895. Batch M713825 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1895 - Thomas County Marriage Index 1895. Batch M713826 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Thomas County, Georgia. Page 160 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at