Texas in the Civil War

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United States Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png  Texas Gotoarrow.png   Texas Military Gotoarrow.png  Texas in the Civil War


Introduction

Texas Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, many were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of Texas Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.

Texas Units by Number or by Name
Confed. Units
1st-5th
6th-17th
18th-47th
A-F
G-M
N-Z

Texas Units by Type of Unit
Confed. Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Reserve Units
State Troops
Other





Texas Union Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
Union Units





List of Regiments

Confederate Regiments

  • 21st Regiment, Texas Infantry (Confederate)
    Organized during the spring of 1864 by consolidating the 11th (Spaight's) Texas Cavlry and Infantry Battalion and Griffin's Texas Infantry Battalion. It disbanded prior to the surrender in June, 1865.
  • Crump's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Lane's) (1st Texas Partisan Rangers) (Confederate)
    1st Regiment Partisan Rangers was formed during the summer of 1862 with about 1,000 men. Many were from San Augustine and Paris. The unit served in D. H. Cooper's, Major's, and Hardeman's Brigade in the Trans-Mississippi Department. It fought at Prairie Grove, skirmished in Louisiana, and fought in the conflicts at Mansfield and Pleasant Hill. Later it continued the fight in Louisiana and in May, 1865, disbanded. The field officers were Colonel Walter P. Lane, Lieutenant Colonel R. P. Crump, and Majors A. D. Burns and W.P. Saufley.
  • Duff's Texas Cavalry (33rd Cavalry) (Confederate)
    33rd Cavalry Regiment was organized in April, 1863, by using the 14th (Duff's) Texas Cavalry Battalion as its nucleus. Its members were recruited at San Antonio, Port Lavaca, and Mt. Vernon, and in Kaufman County. This unit served in Gano's and Hardeman's Brigade, Trans-Mississippi Department, and was active along the lower Rio Grande. In April, 1864, it was near Bonham, Texas and contained 23 officers and 307 men. On June 2, 1865, it was included in the surrender. The field officers were Colonel James Duff, Lieutenant Colonel James R. Sweet, and Majors Santos Benavides and John T. Brackenridge.
  • Frontier Regiment, Texas Cavalry (46th Regiment Cavalry) (Confederate)
    Frontier Cavalry Regiment [also called 46th Regiment] was organized in May, 1864. The unit served in the Trans-Mississippi Department on the Texas frontier principally against Indians. It was formed with 1,240 men and in April, 1865, totalled only 102. The few remaining men disbanded prior to the surrender in June, 1865. The field officers were Colonel James E. McCord, Lieutenant Colonel James B. Barry, and Major W. J. Alexander.
  • Gano's Battalion, Texas Cavalry (Confederate)
    Gano's Cavalry Battalion [also called Gano's Guards or Squadron] was organized with two companies during the fall of 1861. Sent to Kentucky the unit served in the Western Department and the Army of the Mississippi. In September, 1862, it merged into the 7th Kentucky Cavalry Regiment. Lieutenant Colonel Richard M. Gano was in command.
  • Greer's Rocket Battery, Texas Artillery (Confederate)
    Greer's Battery completed its organization at San Antonio, Texas, in December, 1863. It was recruited for the specific purpose of firing rockets that were to be produced at San Antonio. The unit served at Galveston, then returned to San Antonio but the test of rockets proved disastrous. During June or July, 1864, the company disbanded and the men transferred to other commands. Captain John S. Greer was its commander.
  • Mann's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Bradford's) (Confederate)
    Mann's Cavalry Regiment, formerly Bradford's Cavalry Regiment, was organized during January, 1865. This unit served in the defense of Galveston and in March contained 29 officers and 361 men. It was included in the surrender on June 2. The field officers were Colonel Walter E. Mann, Lieutenant Colonel William F. Upton, and Major John E. Oliver.
  • Texas Miscellaneous
    "Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.

References