The following important events affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements in Texas.
- 1682 Spaniards founded the first permanent settlement near present-day El Paso. Catholic missions soon followed in east Texas.
- 1821 Texas became part of the new nation of Mexico. Stephen F. Austin brought the first Anglo-American colonists to Texas. They settled the Austin Colony in south central Texas. Several other impresarios soon brought other colonists.
- 1836 Texas declared independence from Mexico after a military confrontation. Municipalities were soon organized into counties. The Republic of Texas existed until 1845.
- 1845 (December 29,) United States acquired Texas as the 28th state.
- 1846-1848 Mexico declared war on the United States in an effort to reclaim Texas and other territory claimed by both countries. Over 6,000 Texas citizens served in the Mexican-American War. Mexico gave up its claim to Texas.
- 1846 After the annexation of Texas a treaty signed at Council Springs Texas by the Wichita, Comanche, Lipan, Kichai, and Caddo Indians recognized the jurisdiction of the U.S.
- 1850 Texas relinquished its claims to Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, and Oklahoma.
- 1861-1865 Texas seceded from the Union during the Civil War. In 1870 it was readmitted to the Union.
- 1868 Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th Cavalry skirmished with Indians near Fort Quitman.
- 1870s Most Indians were removed to the Indian Territory in present-day eastern Oklahoma. Some escaped to Mexico.
- 1873-1874 "Buffalo War" against white hunters in Oklahoma and Texas by Cheuenne, Arapaho, Comanche, and Kiowa tribes in the attempt to save the few remaining buffalo herds from destruction.
- 1898: Over 300,000 men were involved in the Spanish-American War which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
- 1901 The oil boom attracted many new residents.
- 1917–1918: More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. World War I over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
- 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
- 1940–1945: Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.
- 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War.
- 1950's–1960's The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances.
- 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War.
- 1987 The oil boom collapsed.
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "History" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Texas.
- Jenkins, John Holmes. Cracker Barrel Chronicles: A Bibliography of Texas Town and County Histories. Austin, Texas: Pemberton Press, 1965. FHL book 976.4 H2jc; film 1000609 item 2.)
- Munnerlyn, Tom. Texas Local History: A Source Book for Available Town and County Histories, Local Memoirs and Genealogical Records. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press, 1983. FHL book 976.4 H23m
- Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H23bi
- Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. WorldCat 315166; FHL book 973 A3ka
State Histories Useful to Genealogists
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Texas are:
- The Handbook of Texas is a encyclopedic collection of history, geography and biographies. It is now available on line through the Texas State Historical Association.
- Frank W. Johnson, History of Texas and Texans, Five Volumes. Chicago, Illinois: American Historical Society, 1914. FHL book 976.4 H2j Digitized version is available through FHL catalog entry. 1916 ed. is on FHL film 1000592 Volumes 3-5 have biographical information.
United States History
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:
- Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2almThis book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
- Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2adIncludes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
- Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H2v Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
- American Historical Association, Writings on American History (Washington, D.C.:American Historical Association,1960-1960) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H23wFull text available at Google Books
Family History Library
To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:
- TEXAS - HISTORY
- TEXAS, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
- TEXAS, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:
- Texas, Bexar, San Antonio, Cemetery Records (FamilySearch Historical Records
- Texas Birth Certificates (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas Births and Christenings (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas County Marrage Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas County Tax Records (FamilySeach Historical Records)
- Texas Death and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas, Death Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas Death Records, 1977-1986 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexed (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas, Matagorda County, School Census Records (FamilySearch Historical Reords)
- Texas Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Texas, Naturalization Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)