Taos County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States
New Mexico
Taos County

Guide to Taos County, New Mexico ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Taos
Organized: September 22, 1846
Parent County(s): Original county
Neighboring Counties
Colfax  • Conejos (CO)  • Costilla (CO)  • Mora  • Rio Arriba
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information


Taos County is located in the north central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse

Taos County Courthouse
105 Albright St #D
Taos, NM 87571-0676
Phone: 505.751.8654
Taos county Website

County Clerk has birth, marriage, death, burial and probate records from 1846.[2]

Taos County, New Mexico Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1846 1846 1846 #8 1880s 1846 1790
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1907. General compliance by 1930.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • Until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 22 September 1846 - Taos County was created based on an old Mexican government partido  as one of seven original New Mexico counties under Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.[4]Code named after General Stephen W. Kearny
  • 1848 Taos county formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • County seat: Taos[2]
  • Interactive Formation Boundary Map of New Mexico - shows boundary changes for New Mexico Counties
  • New Mexico Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  • 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Taos county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.[5] [6] [7] Residents who lived far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.
  • 1 February 1860 - TAOS county lost land to the creation of MORA county. [8]
  • 12 January 1861 - TAOS county lost land to the creation of SAN JUAN county (original, extinct). [9]
  • 28 February 1861 - TAOS county lost land to the creation of Colorado Territory. [10]
  • 18 January 1862 - TAOS county regained all of SAN JUAN county (original, extinct) when the law creating SAN JUAN was repealed. [11]

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona for further details.

Taos and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[12]

Unincorporated communities
  • El Rito
  • Las Trampas
  • Llano
  • Llano Quemado
  • Census-designated places

    History Timeline


    Bible Records


    Business, Commerce, and Occupations


    Cemeteries of Taos County, New Mexico online and in print
    Tombstone Transcriptions Online
    Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
    List of Cemeteries in the County
    See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information

    Census Records

    Historical populations
    Census Pop.  %±
    1910 12,008
    1920 12,773 6.4%
    1930 14,394 12.7%
    1940 18,528 28.7%
    1950 17,146 −7.5%
    1960 15,934 −7.1%
    1970 17,516 9.9%
    1980 19,456 11.1%
    1990 23,118 18.8%
    2000 29,979 29.7%
    2010 32,937 9.9%
    Source: "Wikipedia.org".

    Federal Census Records
    Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

    State Census Records

    Church Records

    Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.


    Parish registers (baptisms, marriages, and burials) are available online for the following years:

    FS = FamilySearch - free[13]
    Our Lady of Guadalupe, Taos, Online Parish Registers
    Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
    FS 1701-1837 1701-1837 1777-1856 1827-1850
    FS 1837-1850 1837-1850 1856-1895 1856-1895 1850-1956
    FS 1850-1879 1850-1879 1895-1956
    FS 1866-1871, 1880-1887 1866-1871, 1880-1887
    FS 1925-1933
    St. Lawrence Mission, Picurís, Online Parish Registers
    Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
    FS 1750-1867 1750-1867 1726-1837 1726-1837 1726-1856


    Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

    • Taos

    Court Records


    Emigration and Immigration

    Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

    Funeral Homes



    Land and Property Records

    Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

    See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

    Online Land Records

    Local Histories

    Local histories are available for Taos County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

    Maps and Gazetteers

    Taos CountyColfax CountyRio Arriba CountyMora CountyConejos County, ColoradoCostilla County, ColoradoLas Animas County, ColoradoNM TAOS.jpg
    About this image
    Click a neighboring county
    for more resources


    Military Records

    Revolutionary War

    Civil War

    World War I

    World War II

    Naturalization and Citizenship



    Other Records


    Probate Records

    Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

    See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

    The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

    Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

    Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

    Online Probate Records

    School Records

    Tax Records

    New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

    Vital Records

    Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.

    Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office

    Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court

    Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.

    See also How to order New Mexico Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for New Mexico Birth Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.





    Research Facilities


    Family History Centers

    Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




    Taos County Historical Society
    PO Box 2447
    Taos, NM 87571
    Telephone: 575-770-0681


    Research Guides


    1. Wikipedia contributors, "Taos, New Mexico," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taos_County,_New_Mexico. accessed 8/30/2018
    2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Mexico.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
    3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Taos County, New Mexico. Page 475 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 471.
    4. "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 7” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
    5. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
    6. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
    7. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at https://web.archive.org/web/20150629223153/https://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
    8. N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 76
    9. N.M. Terr. Laws 1860-1861, 10th assy. /p. 16
    10. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 172-177; Van Zandt, 141-144
    11. N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 16
    12. Wikipedia contributors,"Taos County, New Mexico," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taos_County,_New_Mexico, accessed 12 February 2019.
    13. FamilySearch Catalog. Accessed 12 May 2016.