Difference between revisions of "Talk:Wisconsin Census"

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Two manuscripts exist for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. One set of manuscripts exists at the National Archives and another at the Wisconsin Historical Society. The information on each set is supposed to be the same, but it can be beneficial to check both. Transcription errors might exist. The two might differ in the legibility of the handwriting, the condition of the manuscript, and the quality of the microfilm.<ref>"Local Genealogy," ''McMillan Memorial Library'' (http://www.scls.lib.wi.us/mcm/local/local_genealogy.html : accessed 2 October 2009).</ref> The Family History Library has microfilms of the set in the possession of the National Archives.
 
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Revision as of 05:43, 25 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Wisconsin  >  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Wisconsin indexes and images

1820-1840

Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Wisconsin 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1820[8] Territory indexes Link - MI
Tran-
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images Link Link - MI
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MI
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MI
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1830[9] Territory indexes Link - MI
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1834[10] Territory indexes - -   - - Link  Link  Link - -
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1836 Territory indexes - - Link  - - Link  Link  Link - -
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1837 Territory indexes - -   - - Link  Link  Link - -
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1838 Territory indexes - -   - - Link  Link  Link - -
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1840[11] indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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1842-1850

Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Wisconsin 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1842 Territory indexes - - - - - Link  Link  Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1846 Territory indexes - - - - - Link  Link Link - -
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1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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1855-1880

Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Wisconsin 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1855 State indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
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1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


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1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1875 State indexes Link - - - - - -
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1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1885-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Wisconsin 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1885 State indexes Link - - - - -
images - - - - - - -
1895 State indexes - Link - - - Link Link Link - -
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1900 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1905 State indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
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1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1930 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link


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1940 indexes Link - Link
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Two manuscripts exist for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. One set of manuscripts exists at the National Archives and another at the Wisconsin Historical Society. The information on each set is supposed to be the same, but it can be beneficial to check both. Transcription errors might exist. The two might differ in the legibility of the handwriting, the condition of the manuscript, and the quality of the microfilm.[12] The Family History Library has microfilms of the set in the possession of the National Archives.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Wisconsin, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Wisconsin

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Wisconsin, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Wisconsin state, territorial, and colonial censuses[13][14]
1905  Exist
1895  Exist
1885  Exist
1875  Exist
1865  Lost, except for the counties of Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan. 
1855  Exist, except for Kewaunee County, which was not enumerated.
1847  Exist, except for the counties of Rock, Sheboygan, Washington, Waukesha, and Chippewa. 
1846  Exist, except for the counties of Crawford, Fond du Lac, Grand Rapids in Portage, Sheboygan, Chippewa, LaPointe, and Richland. 
1842  Exist
1838  Lost, except for the counties of Brown, Calumet, Crawford, Dodge, Fond du Lac, Green,  Jefferson, Manitowoc, Marquette, Milwaukee, Portage, Sheboygan, and Washington. 
1836  Exist

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Wisconsin censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. In 1820 the people living in present-day Wisconsin were enumerated as part of the Michigan Territory federal census. Green Bay was in Brown County, Michigan Territory. Prarie du Chien was in Crawford County, Michigan Territory. The southwest tip of Lake Superior was in Michilimackinac County, Michigan Territory but was sparsley settled.
  9. In 1830 the people living in present-day Wisconsin were enumerated as part of the Michigan Territory federal census. Green Bay was in Brown County, Michigan Territory. Prarie du Chien was in Crawford County, Michigan Territory. The southwest tip of Lake Superior was in Chippewa County, Michigan Territory but was sparsely settled. The southwest corner of Wisconsin was called Iowa County, Michigan Territory.
  10. In 1834 the people living in present day Wisconsin were enumerated as part of the Michigan Territory. The 1834 Michigan early census included what was known as Brown county, Iowa county and Prairie Du Chien in Crawford county, all located in the current state of Wisconsin
  11. The 1840 federal census of Wisconsin Territory included land that is now in northeastern Minnesota.
  12. "Local Genealogy," McMillan Memorial Library (http://www.scls.lib.wi.us/mcm/local/local_genealogy.html : accessed 2 October 2009).
  13. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 113-15.
  14. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948)[FHL Book 973 X23s; Fiche 6018062], 62-65, 72-73.