Talk:New York Census
|1790 Slave||1870 Mortality|
|1810 Manufacturing||1880 Mortality|| |
|1840 Pensioners|| |
|1860 Mortality||1890 Veterans|
|1890 Veteran||1860 Slave owner||1860 Industrial||1850 Agricultural||1820 Manufactuer|
|1880 Mortality||1860 Mortality||1850 Slave owner||1850 Industrial|| |
|1870 Mortality||1860 Agricultural||1850 Mortality||1840 Pensioner|| |
See "Tips" if you cannot find a person in an online census index on the first try.
- FamilySearch Record Search has free census everyname indexes and (usually) images available for New York including 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1900.
- Ancestry has all the New York censuses indexes from 1790-1930. Some indexes may include only heads of house. The index is linked to an the image and a transcript of the household's information. Ancestry is available at selected libraries, the Family History Library, a few Family History Centers for free, or by subscription at home.
- Heritage Quest Online has indexes for the 1790–1820, 1860–1880, and 1900–1930, and images for all available federal censuses. Many libraries allow their patrons free access with a library card and password.
- Census Finder has statewide links to online indexes, then countywide links, including indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies. The links on this site are often difficult to use.
Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com
Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/NY/
Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ny/census.html
Mortality Schedules: http://mortalityschedules.com/
New York Genealogy Census Records: http://www.newyork-genealogy.com/New-York-Census-Records.cfm
1790-1860--Statewide indexes in book form are available for censuses 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, and 1860. A statewide 1870 census index for Kings, New York (Manhattan and part of the Bronx), Queens, Richmond, and Suffolk counties is available in compact disc format (Family History Library compact disc number 9 part 287).
1870--The compact disc including the 1870 Manhattan (New York County) index is for the first enumeration.
1880, 1900, 1920--Microfilm soundex (phonetic) indexes exist for the 1880 (partial), 1900, and 1920 censuses.
County-wide indexes sometimes help locate names that have been overlooked in statewide indexes. Over a dozen county-wide indexes are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under NEW YORK, [COUNTY] - CENSUS.
When indexes are not available or omit a name, you can still search for the name in the census. In large cities it helps to first learn the person's address by searching the city directory for the same year as the census. Then look for that address on the original census schedules.
If you need to find an enumeration district, the following sources may help:
- One-Step Webpages by Stephen P. Morse includes these categories relating to Enumeration Districts: "Obtaining EDs for the 1900 to 1940 Census in One Step (Large Cities)," "Obtaining 1880 to 1940 ED Definitions in One Step," and "Obtaining and/or Converting 1920/1930/1940 Census EDs in One Step."
- Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6010059–60.) Includes ward maps and street indexes for: Albany 1866, 1878; Buffalo 1850–1855, 1866; New York City 1850–1855, 1860, 1878; Rochester 1866, 1878; Troy 1866, 1878.
- Hillman, Barbara and Raymond G. Matthews. Guide to the Use of the United States. Census Office. 10th Census 1880 New York City. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1985. (Family History Library book 974.71 X22h 1880 index; fiche 6047913.) Includes Manhattan and the west part of the Bronx. Lists each ward's assembly district, election district, census enumeration district, and 1880 census Family History Library film number. Also includes street maps of each assembly district.
- Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. 1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 X2bu 1910; fiche 6101340.) Lists New York towns (or wards) with their 1910 census enumeration district numbers and Family History Library film numbers. Albany, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Manhattan and Bronx, Queens, Rochester, Schenectady, Staten Island (Richmond County), Syracuse, Troy, Utica, and Yonkers (Westchester County) each have special instructions, which often include city directory Family History Library book or film numbers.
- United States. Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census. Washington, DC: National Archives, . (51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.) Lists street addresses in Brooklyn (fiche 26–28), Manhattan and Bronx (fiche 29–31), and Staten Island (fiche 32–35) with their corresponding census enumeration districts.
- Malmberg, Emil and Maurine. Street Indexes to Unindexed Cities in the U.S. 1910 Federal Census. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1993. (Family History Library book 973 X2str 1910; fiche 6104151.) Lists Queens County street addresses with their corresponding page numbers, 1910 census enumeration district numbers, and Family History Library film numbers.
United States. Census Office. Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts contain the items below:
- 1830 Family History Library film 1402857 item 1
- 1840 Family History Library film 1402857 item 2
- 1850 Family History Library film 1402858 item 1
- 1860 Family History Library film 1402858 item 2
- 1870 Family History Library film 1402859
- 1880 Family History Library film 1402862
- 1900 Family History Library film 1303024–25
- 1910 Family History Library film 1374008
- 1920 Family History Library film 1842712–13
- 1930 Family History Library film 2261291-3
Both the Family History Library and the National Archives (Washington, DC) also have 1910 enumeration district maps for Albany, Buffalo, Queens, Syracuse, Utica, and Yonkers. These maps are found in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under NEW YORK, [COUNTY], [CITY] - MAPS. The National Archives in Washington, DC also has similar maps for many smaller New York cities.
How to Find State Census Records
Microfilm copies of all surviving New York state censuses are at the state library. Manuscript copies for 1915 and 1925 are at the state archives. The staff will not search these unindexed records for you. All state censuses are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. You can find the film numbers in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under NEW YORK, [COUNTY] - CENSUS.
The Family History Library has street indexes for the 1905, 1915, and 1925 Manhattan censuses (Family History Library 36 films). These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under NEW YORK, NEW YORK - CENSUS - [YEAR]. The library also has a manuscript street index to the 1915 Brooklyn census, 1915 Queens census, and 1925 Queens census. 1925 census maps showing assembly and election district boundaries are available on microfiche for New York City (fiche 6088624), Buffalo (fiche 6088619), Rochester (fiche 6088627), and some other cities. More information on New York census records is in:
- Marilyn Douglas and Melinda Yates, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925, Bibliography Bulletin 88 (Albany, New York: The State Education Department, 1981 Family History Librarybook 974.7 A1 number 72).
- Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. State and Special Census Register. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Librarybook 973 X2be; fiche 6104851-52.)