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United States > Maryland > Census

 Tips

If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling. Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it. Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime. On the family group record show each person's census listings. Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


Click here for a list of the exact date of each federal census.


Federal population schedules and indexes Online Online Federal Population Schedule Indexes and Images for Maryland

  Free  Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)  Pay  

Record Search Family Search MD State Archives Census Bureau Heritage Quest Footnote Ancestry FHL ed. Ancestry Library ed. Ancestry Home ed. 1940 indexes - - - - - - - - - images - - - - - - - - - 1930 indexes - - - - Link Link Link Link Link images - - - - Link Link Link Link Link 1920 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link 1910 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link 1900 indexes Link - - - Link - Link Link Link images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link 1880 indexes Link Link Link - Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link 1870 indexes Link - Link - Link - Link Link Link images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link 1860 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link images - - - - Link Link Link Link Link 1850 indexes Link - - - - - Link Link Link images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link 1840 indexes - - - - - - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link partial 1830 indexes - - - - - - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link 1820 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link 1810 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link partial 1800 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link partial 1790 indexes - - - transcript link Link - Link Link Link images - - - - Link - Link Link Link

  Record Search  Family Search  MD State Archives  Census Bureau  Heritage Quest  Footnote  Ancestry FHL ed.   Ancestry Library ed.  Ancestry Home ed.  

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay



Federal Census Microfilm Available from the Family History Library 1940 N/A 1910 1870 1840 1810 1930 1900 and index 1860 1830 1800 1920 and index 1880 and index 1850 1820 1790



Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives 1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593 1840 M704 1810 M252 1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1050 1860 M654 1830 M19 1800 M32 1920 T625 and Soundex M1566 1880 T9 and Soundex T753 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637



Microform and book indexes Click here for a list of microform and book indexes for federal population schedules of Maryland.



State population schedules [Colonial territorial, state or other censuses]

Maryland made in 1778 a list of citizens who had taken an oath of fidelity which list is sometimes called a census.

Maryland took a census in 1776:

Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh, Maryland Records, Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources, 2 vols. (1915-1928; reprint, Baltimore:Genealogical Publ., 1975) [FHL book 975.2 D29b; fiche 6046943] Bettie Stirling Carothers, 1776 Census of Maryland (Lutherville, Md.: B.S. Carothers, 1972) [FHL book 975.2 X2p 1776; film 928227 Item 2] An online index to both is found in MARYLAND INDEXES (Census Index) 1776-1778 [MSA S1419].



Federal non-population schedules and indexes Online Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland

Free  Free at Some Libraries(usually with library card)  Pay  

Year Schedule Type USGenNet Access Genealogy Evendon Census.gov Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home 1890 Veterans - - - - - - Link Link Link 1880 Mortality - - - - - - ? ? ? 1870 Mortality - - - - - - ? ? ? 1860 Slave owner - - - - - Link Link Link Link 1860 Mortality - - - - - - ? ? ? 1850 Slave owner - - - - - Link Link Link Link 1850 Mortality - - - - - - ? ? ? 1840 Pensioner Link Link BookLink BookLink BookLink - - - -



Microfilm Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland 1890 Veteran 1870 Mortality 1860 Slave owner 1850 Slave owner 1840 Pensioners 1880 Mortality 1870 Agricultural 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality 1820 Manufacturers 1880 Agricultural 1870 Industrial 1860 Agricultural 1850 Agricultural

1880 Industrial 1870 Social Statistics 1860 Industrial 1850 Industrial 1880 Defective 1860 Social Statistics 1850 Social Statistics



National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland 1890 Veteran 1860 Slave owner 1860 Industrial 1850 Agricultural 1820 Manufactuer 1880 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Slave owner 1850 Industrial

1870 Mortality 1860 Agricultural 1850 Mortality 1840 Pensioner



Microform and book indexes Click here for a list of microform and book indexes for federal non-population schedules of Maryland.



Missing and available censuses Click here for a list of missing and available Maryland federal censuses.



Why use a census? A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

index searching tips analyzing and using what you find census accuracy historical background contents of various census years and types External sites See "Tips" if you cannot find a person in an online census index on the first try.

FamilySearch Record Search has free census everyname indexes and (usually) images available for Maryland including 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1900. Maryland State Archives has indexes to the 1776 and 1778 colonial "censuses", also the federal 1870 and 1880. Ancestry has all the Maryland censuses indexes from 1790-1930. Some indexes may include only heads of house. The index is linked to an the image and a transcript of the household's information. Ancestry is available at selected libraries, the Family History Library, a few Family History Centers for free, or by subscription at home. Heritage Quest Online has indexes for the 1790–1820, 1860–1880, and 1900–1930, and images for all available federal censuses. Many libraries allow their patrons free access with a library card and password. Census Finder has statewide links to online indexes, then countywide links, including indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies. The links on this site are often difficult to use. Footnotes



Maryland