Swedish Military Jurisdictions for Family History Research
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This page is currently being developed. It will describe the Swedish Military Jurisdictions in relation to Family History Research and list the records associated to the jurisdictions.
Why Military Jurisdictions?
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Medieval - 1630
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1630 - about 1900
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|Kungen, Kunglig Majestät||The Swedish Monarchy and Government. Responsible for the commissioning of the “Generalitetet” (the highest officers in the military) and the Regementets staben (regimental officers)|
|Krigskollegiet||The Krigskollegiet was established about 1630 and was made up of the leading military officials in the Army with the Riksmarsken as the top official . The Krigskollegiet was responsible among other things for avlöning (paying salaries to officers) and also for utrustning (equipment).|
|Amiralitetskollegiet||The Amiralitetskollegiet was made up of the leading military officials in the Navy with the Riksamiralen. The Amiralitetskollegiet was responsible among other things for avlöning (paying salaries to officers) and also for utrustning (equipment).|
|Militären (Army)||The Army consisted of the infantry, the cavalry, and the artillery. Each kept their own records.|
|Civilt anställda (Army)||Hired civilians that provide various services such as doctors, priests, scribes, tradesmen, musicians, and other occupations.|
|Militären (Navy)||The naval forces consisted of units in the Örlogsflottan (Navy) and the Skärgårdsflottan , also known as Arméns Flottan –coastal defense units.|
|Civilt anställda (Navy)||Hired civilians that provide services such as doctors, priests, scribes, pilots, tradesmen, and other occupations.|
|Infanteriet||The infantry or in other words, soldiers on foot. There were various types of infantry soldiers such as the Fotsoldater, Grenadjärer, and Jägare. The term soldat refers to an infantry soldier. In the 1600’s the dragon was part of the infantry since he fought on foot after riding to the battlefield on horse. In the 1700’s the dragon became part of the cavalry since from this time on he fought while mounted on his horse.|
|Kavalleriet||The cavalry. There were several different terms used for a man in the cavalry such as: Dragoner, Husarer, Lätta dragoner, Kyrassiärer, Karabinjärer, and Drabant|
|Artilleriet||The artillery. The artillery was made up of volunteer men. There was only one regiment in the country up until 1794. At this time the regiment was divided into 5 regiments with 8 companies each. After 1830 a company in the artillery was called a “batteri”.|
|Örlogsflottan||The main navy consisting of commissioned officers, noncommissioned officers, and the ship’s crew – indelnings båtsmän and sjöartilleristerna (voluntary sea artillery men).|
|Skärgårdsflottan||The naval coastal defense. In the 1900’s became the Coast artillery. At times the Skärgårdsflottan was under the direction of the army and at other times under the navy (Örlogsflottan).|
- To print a PDF copy of this chart with the definitions see: File:Swedish Military Juris 1630 to abt 1900.pdf
- For a list of records associated to this jurisdiction see: Swedish Military Records for Family History.
Asker, Björn, Hur riket styrdes, Förvaltning , politik och arkiv 1520 – 1920, Edita, Stockholm 2007 (chapter 9.Krigsmakten till lands och till sjöss)