Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy
Sussex County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Sussex County (established 1754) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.
|Sussex County, Virginia|
Location in the state of Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 4.1 Research Guides
- 4.2 African American
- 4.3 Bible Records
- 4.4 Cemeteries
- 4.5 Census
- 4.6 Church
- 4.7 Court
- 4.8 Genealogy
- 4.9 Historic Residences
- 4.10 Immigration
- 4.11 Land and Property
- 4.12 Local Histories
- 4.13 Maps
- 4.14 Migration
- 4.15 Military
- 4.16 Naturalization
- 4.17 Newspapers
- 4.18 Private Papers
- 4.19 Probate Records
- 4.20 Taxation
- 4.21 Vital Records
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Websites
- 7 References
Sussex County Courthouse
P.O. Box 1337
15088 Courthouse Road
Sussex, VA 23884
Clerk Circuit Court has birth, marriage,
probate, court and land records from 1754
Sussex County, Virginia was formed as the result of a law passed by the Virginia General Assembly in November, 1753. This created Sussex County from southwestern Surry County in 1754.
Sussex County, Virginia's county seat is Sussex, where county records were kept in the Dillard House, which was built in 1802, until a courthouse could be erected.
Early in its history, Sussex County was a part of the Anglican parish known as Albemarle Parish.
- Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
- Stony Creek
- "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Sussex County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):127-129. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
- Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872
- Deeds of Emancipation, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives
- Heinegg, Paul. "Sussex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
- Johnson, Martha C. Black Families of Elizabeth City Co., VA, 1800-1990: Research of Families of Callis, Davis, Simpson, Radcliff, Originating from Gloucester Co., Mathews Co., York and James Counties and Elizabeth Co., Hampton, Virginia. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Includes information about the Bassette family of Sussex County, Virginia.]
- Judkins Family Association. The Judkins Journal. [Newsletter] 16 vols. plus supplement. Available at FHL.
Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:
- Virginia Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007 - browse collection at FamilySearch; free.
Additional Bible records include:
- Sussex County, Virginia Cemeteries (ePodunk)
For tips on accessing Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.
|Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.|
- Sussex County Heads of Families - 1782 at U.S. Census Bureau - free. County begins on page 44.
- Evans, June Banks. Census of 1840, Sussex County, Virginia. New Orleans, Louisiana: Bryn Ffyliaid Publications, 1990. Available at FHL.
1890 Union Veterans
- Turner, Ronald Ray. Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890. Available online, courtesy: Prince William County Virginia website. [Includes residents of this county.]
Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
- High Hills of Nottoway (1787)
- Raccoon's Swamp (1772)
- Sappony (by 1775)
- Seacock (1787)
The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.
Sussex County fell within the bounds of the Portsmouth Association.
Church of England
See also Albemarle Parish
- Boddie, John Bennett. Births, Deaths and Sponsors, 1717 - 1778 from the Albemarle Parish Register of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield, 1998. Available at FHL. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
- Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson, and Andrew Wilburn Hogwood. Albemarle Parish Vestry Book, 1742-1786, Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore: Clearfield, 2005.
- Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FHL; digital version at BYU Family History Archives. [Includes Sussex County.]
Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):
- Stanton's Monthly Meeting (1760-1829)
- Court and Legislative Records, Sussex County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Sussex County families. To view a list, visit Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy.
- Bible Records, Sussex County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives
- Biographies and Family Histories, Sussex County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives
- Stephenson, Mary A. Old Homes in Surry & Sussex. Richmond [Virginia]: Dietz Press, 1942. FHL Collection
- List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.
Land and Property
- Hopkins, William Lindsay. Sussex County, Virginia Deed Books A-E, 1754-March 1779. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1990. Available at FHL. WorldCat link.
- Bradley, Stephen E. The Deeds of Sussex County, Virginia, 1779-1792. [Deed Books F and G] Keysville, Virginia: S.E. Bradley, 1993. Available at FHL.
- Deeds, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives
Grants and Patents
Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.
- Hudgins. 798 patents dated 1701-1818 in what is now Sussex County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. 2004. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
- Virginia Writers' Program, Works Projects Administration, Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries. Richmond: Whittet & Shepperson, 1942. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
- Libre Map Project provides free access to detailed maps of Sussex Co., VA
- Elliott, Katherine B. Emigration to Other States from Southside Virginia. 2 vols. South Hill, Virginia: K.B. Elliott, 1966. Vol. 1 of original edition available at FHL; 1983 reprints (both volumes) available at FHL; 1990-1992 reprints (both volumes) also available at FHL. [Includes individuals who migrated out of Sussex County to other parts of the country.]
Early migration routes to and from Sussex County for European settlers included:
- Military Records, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives
French and Indian War
- Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Westmoreland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
- Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Sussex County, see p. 101.]
- Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers; see place name index.]
Regiments. Service men in Sussex County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Sussex County supplied soldiers for the:
- A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Sussex County on page 133.]
- Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
Sussex County men served in the 15th Regiment.
- List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Sussex County, p. 105. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Regiments. Service men in Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy:
- - 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12 months, 1861-62) (Mullins') (Confederate).
- - 13th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12th Months, 1861-62) (Confederate). Company D (Jackson's Avengers) and Company H (Sussex Light Dragoons).
- - 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Liberty Guards).
Records and histories are available, including:
- Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865
- Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865
- Deutsch, George E. "Murder and Mayhem Rides the Rails," Civil War Times Illustrated, Vol. 48, No. 6, Dec. 2009, pp. 38-44 (focuses largely on Sussex Co.). WorldCat link.
Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battle was fought in Sussex County.
- Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929
- Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
- Obituaries, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives
- Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007
- Family Bible Records of Lamb and Driver Families. MSS., Smithfield Branch of the Isle of Wight Library, Smithfield, Va. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL.
A free index to Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (1754-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.
- Hopkins, William Lindsay. Sussex County, Virginia Will Books A-F, 1754-1806. Richmond, Virginia: Self-published, 1990. In FHL, 975.5565.P28. WorldCat link.
- Will and Estate Records, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives
The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Sussex County probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:
-  Tithables, 1777, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Jan 1985. Vol. 3 Iss. 2.
-  1782 Sussex County, Virginia tax lists (USGenWeb Archives)
-  Personal property tax lists, 1782, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Apr 1988. Vol. 6 Iss. 2; Jul 1988. Vol. 6 Iss. 3.
- [1782-1818] Heinegg, Paul. "Sussex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
-  Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Sussex County is included in Vol. 2.]
- [1789, 1799] Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Sussex County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
- [1798, 1802] Removals from militia fines, 1798-1802, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Jul 1983. Vol. 1 Iss. 4.
-  Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Sussex County is included in Vol. 2.]
Indexes to Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records
- Vital Records, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenArchives
- Boddie, John Bennett. Births, Deaths and Sponsors, 1717 - 1778 from the Albemarle Parish Register of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield, 1998. FHL. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
- 1754-1780s - Crozier, William Armstrong. Early Virginia Marriages. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1953. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes Sussex County marriages 1754-1780s.
- 1754-1810 - Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. Marriages of Sussex County, Virginia, 1754-1810. Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1982. WorldCat link.
- Boddie, John Bennett. Births, Deaths and Sponsors, 1717 - 1778 from the Albemarle Parish Register of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield, 1998. Available at FHL. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). For further information, see Albemarle Parish.
- Jones Funeral Home Obituaries (Jones Funeral Home, Stony Creek, Sussex County, Virginia)
Vital Record Substitutes
The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.
|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.|
Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
- Family History Library Catalog
- Profile for Sussex County, Virginia (ePodunk)
- Sussex County Markers (Historical Marker Database)
- Sussex County, Virginia (RootsWeb)
- Sussex County, Virginia Ancestry & Family History Guide (ePodunk)
- Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy and Family History (Linkpendium)
- Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy and History (Virginia Genealogy Trails; currently, heading erroneously says "Surry County")
- Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy Forum (GenForum)
- Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy Links (GenealogyLinks.net)
- Sussex County, Virginia History, Records, Facts, Genealogy, and Ancestry (Family History 101)
- Sussex County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives (USGenWeb)
- VAGenWeb's Sussex County Project (VAGenWeb)
- Virginia Mailing Lists: Sussex County (RootsWeb)
- Cyndi's List
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Sussex County, Virginia. Page 721 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- Wikipedia Contributors, "Sussex County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sussex_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 442-443. Digital version at Google Books.
- George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:476. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
- George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:476. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
- Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
- Martha A. Putnam, Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). FHL Book 975.5 K2qu.
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
- E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
- Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 204. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
- Robert J. Driver, 5th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 127.
- Daniel T. Balfour, 13th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 26.
- Darrell L. Collins, 46th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 85.
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).