Difference between revisions of "Surrey Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Surrey]]''  
 
''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Surrey]]''  
  
For an explantion of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here.]]
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<br>
  
 
== Getting Started  ==
 
== Getting Started  ==
  
Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is&nbsp;distributed to his/her&nbsp;heirs.&nbsp;
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. This article is about probate records in the county of Surrey. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].<br>
  
In order to find a probate record for your ancestor, you must answer&nbsp;two questions:
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
  
#When did your ancestor die?
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority&nbsp;for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
#Where did your ancestor live or own property?
 
  
A key date is 1858, when probate&nbsp;authority&nbsp;was&nbsp;taken&nbsp;from the ecclesiatical courts of the Church of England and given to&nbsp;the civil government.&nbsp;
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=== Before 1858 ===
  
*If your ancestor died before 1858, his/her probate would have been proven by an ecclesiatical court and it is important to know where he/she lived, as that will determine which courts had jurisdiction.&nbsp;
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Surrey, follow these steps;  
*If you know where your ancestor lived before 1858, you should go to the '''Court Jurisdictions'''&nbsp;section below&nbsp;to determine what courts had jurisdiction over your ancestor's place of residence.&nbsp;
 
*Beginning in 1858, probate authority was&nbsp;vested in&nbsp;the '''Principal Probate Registry''' system.&nbsp; For more information, scroll to the '''Post-1857 Probate Records''' section at the bottom of the page.
 
  
Once you have answered the two questions and determined the courts, look for indexes.&nbsp; Indexes will be found on the individual court pages (when you click on a court name) or in the '''Probate Indexes''' section below.<br>
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==== Step 1. Search indexes ====
  
<br>
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Surrey. Search these indexes first:
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*[http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/popup-aboutbo-surrwills.htm Surrey &amp; South London Will Abstracts 1470-1856]. This collection, on the British Origins website, contains fully indexed abstracts of every Surrey will known to still exist, over 28,000 of them, dating from the 15th to 19th centuries. This is a subscription website.
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~engsurry/ The Surrey Plus Wills Index]. This website provides an index to names of all people appearing in the wills of testators residing in the county of Surrey (and nine other neighbouring counties). Links are provided to transcripts of wills, where available.
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/browse-refine.asp?CatID=6&searchType=browserefine&pagenumber=1&query=*&queryType=1 Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills (1384 - 1858)]
  
== Surrey Probate Courts  ==
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Did you find a reference to a probate records?
  
These courts had some probate jurisdiction over Surrey before 1858.&nbsp; Click on a court name to learn more about records and indexes.<br>
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.  
 +
*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
  
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Surrey]]<br>
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
*[[Court of the Commissary of the Bishop of Winchester in the Archdeaconry of Surrey]]<br>
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Winchester]] (Episcopal Consistory)<br>
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of London]] (Episcopal Consistory)<br>
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)<br>
 
*[[Court of the Deanery of the Arches of London, Croydon, Shoreham (Peculiar of the Archbishop of Canterbury)]]<br>
 
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England. Wealthier individuals, people who owned property in more than one county or lower court's jurisdiction, people who died outside of the country but had property in England, and Naval personnel often had their estates proven through the Archbishop's court.  
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
  
=== Appeals Courts  ===
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
  
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:  
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
*[[Court of Arches]]
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
  
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.<br><br>
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or
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*What place it is near.
  
== Some Explanatory Notes About the Surrey Courts  ==
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
== Court Jurisdictions  ==
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<br>Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3.'''
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Surrey was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary eccelsiastical court and one or more secondary courts.&nbsp; In order to find the will of a deceased person, you need to know what courts had jurisdiction over the place where he/she lived. <br>
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish ====
  
To see a list of Surrey places and the courts that had jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:  
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Surrey was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and one or more secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with:  
  
{| style="width: 348px; height: 24px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 348px; height: 24px"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| &nbsp; [[Surrey Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]  
 
| &nbsp; [[Surrey Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]  
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|}
 
|}
  
<br>Search the courts in the order given.&nbsp; Search indexes first.&nbsp; For indexes covering more than one court, see below.&nbsp; For court-specific indexes, click on the name of a court above. <br>
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
  
If you do not know where your ancestor lived or owned property, search the indexes to&nbsp;each court if necessary.&nbsp; Lastly, search the index to the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury|Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]. <br><br>
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
== Probate Indexes Online  ==
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
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*Visit the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library ]or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center and]] obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.
  
Before looking for a will, you should search an index.
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== Surrey Probate Courts  ==
 
 
'''Surrey &amp; South London Will Abstracts 1470-1856:'''&nbsp; [http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/popup-aboutbo-surrwills.htm http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/popup-aboutbo-surrwills.htm]<br>
 
  
*This collection, on the British Origins website, contains fully indexed abstracts of every Surrey will known to still exist, over 28,000 of them, dating from the 15th to 19th centuries.&nbsp; This is a subscription website.<br>
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These courts had some probate jurisdiction over Surrey before 1858.&nbsp; For more information, click on a court name.  
  
'''The Surrey Plus Wills Index:'''&nbsp; [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~engsurry/ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~engsurry/]
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Surrey]]
 
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*[[Court of the Commissary of the Bishop of Winchester in the Archdeaconry of Surrey]]
*This website provides an index to names of all people appearing in the wills of testators residing in the county of Surrey (and nine other neighboring counties).&nbsp; Links are provided to transcripts of wills, where available.&nbsp; <br>
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Winchester]] (Episcopal Consistory)  
 
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*[[Court of the Bishop of London (Episcopal Consistory)]]
For other indexes, click on a court name in the list above. <br><br>
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)  
 
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*[[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Winchester]]  
Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills (1384 - 1858) [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/browse-refine.asp?CatID=6&searchType=browserefine&pagenumber=1&query=*&queryType=1]
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*[[Court of the Deanery of the Arches of London, Croydon, Shoreham (Peculiar of the Archbishop of Canterbury)]]  
 
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
== Probate Indexes  ==
 
 
 
Archdeaconry of Surrey. Court Wills and act books, Indexes 1480-1630, 1595-1750 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=6242&disp=Wills+and+act+books%2C+1480%2D1821%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Archdeaconry Court of Surrey, index to the original wills (collated with the act books and will registers), 1752-1858&nbsp;: indexed from the originals at the Greater London Record Office [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=402984&disp=Archdeaconry+Court+of+Surrey%2C+index+to%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Surrey administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1760-1781 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=711647&disp=Surrey+administrations+in+the+Prerogativ%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Archdeaconry Court of Surrey&nbsp;: index to the original wills, 1660-1751 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=675425&disp=Archdeaconry+Court+of+Surrey%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Commissary Court of Surrey, 1660-1751&nbsp;: index to the original wills at London Metropolitan Archives [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=684812&disp=Commissary+Court+of+Surrey%2C+1660%2D175%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Commissary Court of the Bishop of Winchester in the archdeaconry of Surrey&nbsp;: index to the original wills (collated with the act books and will registers) and original administration bonds, etc., also Peculiar Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Deanery of Croydon, index to the wills, 1752-1858 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=342310&disp=Commissary+Court+of+the+Bishop+of+Winche%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Peculiar Court (Arches, Croydon and Shoreham) Probate records, 1602-1841 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=299577&disp=Probate+records%2C+1602%2D1841%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Surrey administrations in the prerogative court of Canterbury 1782-1790 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=979402&disp=Surrey+administrations+in+the+prerogativ%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Index to Surrey wills proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1650-1700 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=615980&disp=Index+to+Surrey+wills+proved+in+the+Prer%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Surrey wills&nbsp;: Archdeaconry court, Herringman register [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=393553&disp=Surrey+wills%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Surrey wills&nbsp;: Archdeaconry court, Spage register [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=393691&disp=Surrey+wills%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Surrey wills (P. C. C.) 1600-1608 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=301293&disp=Surrey+wills+%28P%2E+C%2E+S%2E%29+1600%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Diocese of Winchester. Commissary Court. Wills, administrations, and act books, 1662-1858 (include indexes) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=37156&disp=Wills%2C+administrations%2C+and+act+book%20%20&columns=*,0,0]<br>Diocese of London. Consistory Court Wills and administrations, 1362-1857 Index to registers, 1514-1641 FHL Film 94171 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=263013&disp=Wills+and+administrations%2C+1362%2D1857%20%20&columns=*,0,0]  
 
 
 
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
 
 
 
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1796-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
 
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
== Post-1857 Probate Records  ==
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[[Category:Surrey|Probate]]
 
 
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system.&nbsp; The system consists of 11 district registry offices and&nbsp;18 sub-district registries, located throughout England and Wales, and&nbsp;the principal registry&nbsp;office located in London.&nbsp; The records are available through the office of Her Majesty's Courts Service.&nbsp; To learn more, go to the [http://www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk/cms/1176.htm HMCS website].
 
 
 
An annual, country-wide surname index to the records is available, so it is much easier to look for post-1857 wills.&nbsp; The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=208102&disp=Calendar+of+the+grants+of+probate+and+le%20%20&columns=*,0,0 indexes] for 1858-1957 and the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=authordetails&authorno=301365&name=Great+Britain.+Principal+Probate+Registry&columns=*,0,0 records] for 1858-1925 are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
{{Place|Surrey}}
 
 
 
[[Category:Surrey|Probate Records]] [[Category:Probate_records_in_England]]
 

Revision as of 22:17, 13 December 2011

England Gotoarrow.png Surrey


Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. This article is about probate records in the county of Surrey. For general information about English probate records, click here.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Surrey, follow these steps;

Step 1. Search indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Surrey. Search these indexes first:

Did you find a reference to a probate records?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.


Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Surrey was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and one or more secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with:

  A   B   C   D-F   G-K   L-N   O-R   S-U   V-Z

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

Surrey Probate Courts

These courts had some probate jurisdiction over Surrey before 1858.  For more information, click on a court name.