Superintendencies of Indian Affairs

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Superintendents of Indian Affairs for a specific locality existed from approximately 1803 until 1878, when the last Superintendency was abolished. After 1878, agents of the Bureau of Indian Affairs reported directly to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.

A Superintendent of Indian Affairs was an administrator, communicating and overseeing the agents who worked directly with individual tribes. It was the responsibility of the superintendent to see that the agents were following official government policy. Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

State Records



NARA# FHLC First Film Roll
Arkansa Superintendency  1824-1834

Tribes: Cherokee, Quapaw, Choctaw, Osage, Shawnee, Caddo and Delaware

1825 & 1826 Quapaw removed to Caddo or Red River Agency

1834 Most Indians had bee removed from Arkansas

1834 Indians west of Arkansas were place under the new Western Superintendency (Cherokee, Choctaw, Quapaw and others)

Florida Superintendency 1824-1853

Tribes: Seminole

Agency: Seminole or Florida 

Subagency: Apalachicola

Michigan Superintendency 1824-1851

Tribes: Cihippewa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Menominee, Winnebago, Wyandot, Seneca, Shawnee, Delaware, Miami, Oneida, Stockbridge, Munsee and Ottawa of Maumee

1832-1834 The Six Nations of New York were attached to the Michigan Superintendency

M0001 1604649 71 rolls
Iowa Superindency 1838-1849

Tribes Sac and Fox

1845 Sauk and Fox moved to the Osage River west of Missouri (now Kansas).

Western Superindency 1832-1851

Tribes: Choctaw, Cherokee, Creek, Osage, Seneca and Mixed Band of Seneca  and Shawnee, Quapaw, Seminole Chickasaw, Caddo, Kiowa Camanche and others

1839 Chickaswa moved west - Oklahoma

Wisconsin Superindency 1836-1848

Tribes: Sauk and Fox, Winnebago, Chippewa, Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge, Munsee,  Sioux and  Iowa 

M951 1618086 4 rolls
California Superindency 1849-1880

Tribes: Tejon, Tule (Tularenos) Mono, Kern River (Tubatulabal), Wikchamni, Nomelaki, Kings River, Fresno, Kawia, Nuimok,  Noi-sas, Wailaki, Yupu, Yuki, Klamath, Hupa, Saia, Mattole, Pit River, Redwood (Whilkut), Wappo, Yokaia (Ukiah), Kianamaras, Pomo, Salan Pomo (Potter), Concow (Konkau) and mission Indians.

Minnesota Superindency 1849-1856 Tribes: Sioux, Chippewa, Winnebago, Assiniboin and Mandan M0872 1618093 9 rolls
New Mexico Superindency 1849-1880 Tribes: Navajo, Southern Apache, Utrah (Ute), Abiquiu (Ute and Jicarilla Apache), Conejos (Tabaquache Ute) Pueblo, Tuscon (Pima, Papago, Maricopa and Apache), Cimarron (Jicarilla Apache and Moache Ute) and Mescalero  T0021 1617620 30 rolls
Oregon Superindency 1842-1880 Tribes: Umpaqua, Umitilla, Caysue, Wallawalla, Wasco. Shoshoni (Snake), Kalapuya, Clackamas, Rogue River, Warm Springs, Shasta, Klamath, Modoc, Paiute, Tenion, Nez Perce, Molala, Yamel, Joshua, Sixes (Kwatami), Chastacosta, Chetco and Bannock
Utah Superindency 1849-1880 Tribes: Ute, Shoshoni, Bannock, Paiute and Washo
Central Superindency 1813,1851-1880 Tribes: Delaware, Shawnee, Wyandot, Kickapoo, Kansa, Sauk and Fox (of Mississippi and Missouri), Iowa, Patawatomi, Chippewa, Ottawa, Munsee, Peoria, Wea, Kaskaskia, Piankeshaw, Miami, Oto, Missouri, Omaha, Pawnee, Ponca, Kowa, Apache (Kiowa-Apache), Camanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Sioux and others M856 1602893 108 rolls
Northern Superindency 1851-1876 M1166 1490921 35 rolls
Southern Superindency 1851-1871 M0640 1602871 22 rolls
Washington Superindency 1853-1880 M0005 1637277 26 rolls
Colorado Superindency 1861-1880
Dakota Superindency 1861-1880 M1016 1549631 13 rolls
Idaho Superindency 1863-1880 M832 1580047 3 rolls
Montana Superindency 1864-1880 M0833 1618090 3 rolls
Nevada Superindency 1861-1880 M0837 1637276 1 roll
Wyoming Superindency 1869-1880 M1016 1549631 13 rolls

The Superintendencies

Arizona Superintendency

Arkansas Superintendency

California Superintendency

Central Superintendency

Colorado Superintendency

Dakota Superintendency

Florida Superintendency

Idaho Superintendency

Iowa Superintendency

Michigan Superintendency

Minnesota Superintendency

Montana Superintendency

Nevada Superintendency

New Mexico Superintendency

Northern Superintendency

Oregon Superintendency

Southern Superintendency

St. Louis Superintendency

Utah Superintendency

Washington Superintendency

Western Superintendency

Wisconsin Superintendency

Wyoming Superintendency


Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC. Available online