St. Louis City, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png St. Louis County Gotoarrow.png St. Louis City 

Guide to St. Louis City Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Independent City Courthouse  


St. Louis City predates the state of Missouri which was admitted to the union in 1821. St. Louis was the capital of the St. Louis district of the Louisiana Territory from 1805-1812 and the capital of St. Louis County of the Missouri Territory from 1812 to 1821. 

On August 22, 1876 St. Louis City voted to separate from St. Louis County and became an independent city in early 1877. Since St. Louis had been the county seat up until that point, it maintains records prior to separation for both the county and city. Records for the County starting in 1877 are maintained by St. Louis County

  • All records for St. Louis City (1805-present) are maintained by the City of St. Louis. 
  • All records for St. Louis County (1805-1876) are also maintained by the city.

For a more detailed explanation see St. Louis City and County Split

Many of these records are available at both the St. Louis Public Library (City) and the St. Louis County Library. 

Boundary Changes  

See an interactive map of historical Missouri boundary changes at N2Genealogy. 

Record Loss  


  • The Ramsay Place Names File (State Historical Society of Missouri) has information on historical place names in the city of St. Louis. Places from St. Louis City and County are listed together under St. Louis County.

Populated Places  

Neighboring Counties  


Archives and Libraries  

  • St. Louis Public Library (St. Louis City) owns a large collection of books, periodicals, maps, and other miscellaneous materials that deal with the history of St. Louis City, and Library staff have indexed many previously unindexed books and materials on that topic. They also own a large local history card file, and a large vertical file consisting of articles clipped from local newspapers and other local publications.
    St. Louis Public Library Local History Indexes and Bibliographies
  • St. Louis County Library has a large collection of genealogical records for St. Louis City and St. Louis County in its Special Collections Department located at its main headquarters. The collection includes holdings from the St. Louis Genealogical Society as well as parish records from the Archdiocese of St. Louis. In addition to its holdings, the staff of the Special Collections Department has created indexes for many records including St. Louis newspapers as well as birth, naturalization, probate, and church records.


- See St. Louis County for additional St. Louis area cemetery resources. 

Church History and Records

  • The St. Louis County Library has a page that lists its available Lutheran resources including an index to some Immanuel Lutheran Church and St. Paul's Lutheran Church records.
Evangelical and United Church of Christ

* With the priests name from a civil marriage record, this list can be used to locate a church marriage record which often contains more family information.

City Directories  

Court Records  

  • St. Louis County Library has created an Index to Naturalizations.  Site provides information on the various naturalization records from the U.S. Circuit Court and U.S. District Court.


Land and Deed Records  


Military History and Records  

Civil War

Civil War records for both the city and county of St. Louis are maintained by the city.



Vital Records (Civil)  

See St. Louis City, Missouri Vital Records for information on St. Louis City vital records and their indexes. 

Societies / Museums  

St. Louis Genealogical Society. 

Web Sites