Spotted Tail Indian Agency (South Dakota)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png South Dakota Gotoarrow.png Indians of South Dakota Gotoarrow.png Spotted Tail Indian Agency (South Dakota)


The Spotted Tail Agency was the successor to the Whetstone Agency. It received its name from the leader of the band of Brulé Sioux which it served. In 1878, the agency was moved to a location on Rosebud Creek near its confluence with the South Fork of the White River and the name was changed to the Rosebud Agency.


The records of the Spotted Tail Agency are part of the Rosebud Agency. Many of the earlier historical records have been moved to the Central Plains Regional Archives of NARA at Kansas City.


  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Marquette University. Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online