Difference between revisions of "Spitalfields, Middlesex Genealogy"

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[[England]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Middlesex]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Middlesex Parishes]]  
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''[[England]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Middlesex]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Middlesex Parishes]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Spitalfields, Middlesex|Spitalfields]]''
  
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<br>
  
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== Parish History  ==
  
== Parish History  ==
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'SPITALFIELDS Christchurch, '''a parish''', in the union of Whitechapel, Tower division of the hundred of Ossulstone, County of Middlesex.&nbsp;The parish was originally a hamlet in Stepney, from which it was separated by act of parliament in 1729.&nbsp;The church was built in 1729. Sir George Wheler's chapel, in Chapel Street, was built [in 1693] by that gentleman for the accommodation of his tenants, previously to the erection of the parochial church.&nbsp; It [was] a proprietary episcopal chapel [bought and paid for privately], now in the patronage of the Rev. Richard Tillard. In Spital-square is a church dedicated to St. Mary.
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'There are places of worship for Independents, Wesleyans, and Calvinistic Methodists.'<ref>Samuel Lewis, ed. ''[[A Topographical Dictionary of England]]'' 159-164. (London: S. Lewis and Co., 1848), Online [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51292| here], (accessed: 03 May 2010). Adapted.</ref> In addition, there were chapels for French Huguenots within the parish, although their respective worshipers had by the mid-19th Century&nbsp;mostly diminished having&nbsp;assimilated&nbsp;into the ranks of&nbsp;England's predominant religion. Due to their&nbsp;heavy weaving propensity and&nbsp;influence, however, in the local&nbsp;cloth and weaving industry was felt for centuries.
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'Christ Church Spitalfields, the church of, is situated on the south side of Church Street, Spitalfields, directly facing the eastern end of Union Street, Bishopsgate Without. The district called Spitalfields derives its name from having been built upon the fields and grounds belonging to St Mary's Spital, and was formerly&nbsp;a hamlet in the parish of Stepney; but from the great increase of inhabitants, arising from the settlement of the persecuted French Protestants, after the revocation of the edict of Nantz[ sic], by Louis XIV, within its precincts, it was made, in the year 1723, a distinct parish under its present name.
  
SPITALFIELDS (Christchurch), a parish, in the union of Whitechapel, Tower division of the hundred of Ossulstone, county of Middlesex; containing 20,436 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the metropolis, was anciently called Lolsenorth Field, and appears to have been selected as a place of sepulture by the Romans, during their occupation of London. On breaking up the ground in 1576, for clay to make bricks, numerous urns containing ashes and burnt bones were discovered, in each of which was a brass coin of the emperor reigning at the time of the interment. Among the coins were some of Claudius, Vespasian, Nero, Antoninus Pius, and Trajan; and vials, glasses, and pottery of red earth, were also found, with various other relics of Roman antiquity. The present name of the parish is derived from a priory of canons of the Augustine order, and an hospital for poor brethren, entitled "the New Hospital of our Lady without Bishopsgate," founded in the year 1197, by Walter Brune, citizen, and afterwards sheriff, of London, and Roesia his wife. The establishment continued to flourish till the Dissolution, when its revenue, according to Dugdale, was estimated at £478. 6. 6. From the time of the Reformation it was the custom for a bishop, a dean, and a doctor of divinity, to preach a sermon each upon the Resurrection, on the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday in Easter-week, in a pulpit cross in the churchyard of the priory. During the protectorate of Cromwell the practice was discontinued, and the cross destroyed; but the sermons, called the "Spital Sermons," were revived after the restoration of Charles II., and preached in the parochial church of St. Bride, Fleet-street. They are now delivered before the lord mayor and aldermen of the city, at Christchurch, Newgate-street. Undistinguished by any important features for many years, Spitalfields at length became the seat of the silk manufacture, originally established at Canterbury and other towns by the refugees who, after the revocation of the edict of Nantz in the reign of Louis XIV., found an asylum in England. From this time it began to increase, and it is now one of the most populous districts in the metropolis.<br>The parish was originally a hamlet in Stepney, from which it was separated by act of parliament in 1729. In Church-street and several other streets are some spacious and well-built houses; the other parts are inhabited chiefly by weavers and persons connected either immediately or remotely with the silk manufacture, who work in their own dwellings. Many firms in the trade employ from 200 to 1500 persons each; and including the adjacent parishes of Bethnal-Green and Shoreditch, and the hamlet of Mile-End New Town and its neighbourhood, not less than 15,000 looms are at work, affording occupation to more than 50,000 persons, exclusively of those engaged in other departments of the trade, which, in all its branches, is computed to employ from 130,000 to 150,000 in the district. The principal articles made are broad silks and plain and figured velvets of the best quality; and connected with the manufacture are numerous dyeing establishments, some of them on a large scale. In Brick-lane is the very extensive ale and porter brewery of Messrs. Truman, Hanbury and Buxton. A soap-manufactory in Wheler-street employs about 40 persons; and there are manufactories of harp and violin strings, violins and double basses, and materials for colouring spirits and vinegar. In Montague-street is a timber-yard with a great assortment of fancy mahogany and rosewood veneers; and in Bell-lane is a large timber and building yard. The market, principally for fruit and vegetables, has been for many years in high reputation for the supply of potatoes.<br>The living is a rectory not in charge; net income, £445; patrons, the Principal and Fellows of Brasenose College, Oxford, who pay a stipend of £120 to the curate. The church, built in 1729, under the provisions of the act of parliament in the reign of Anne, is a stately and massive structure in the Roman style, with a tower surmounted by a pyramid of rather cumbrous appearance. On the north side of the chancel is a monument by Flaxman to Sir Robert Ladbroke, Knt., lord mayor of London, whose statue in his civic robes, with the sword and mace lying at his feet, is finely executed in marble; and on the south side is a monument to Edward Peek, Esq., one of the commissioners for building the 50 new churches in the reign of Anne, and who laid the first stone of this edifice. Sir George Wheler's chapel, in Chapel-street, was built by that gentleman for the accommodation of his tenants, previously to the erection of the parochial church, and for many years after continued in the family, and was subsequently purchased by the Tillards, whose lands were contiguous to those of the founder. It is a proprietary episcopal chapel, now in the patronage of the Rev. Richard Tillard. In Spital-square is a church dedicated to St. Mary, in the gift of the Trustees of Hyndman's Bounty. There are places of worship for Independents, Wesleyans, and Calvinistic Methodists.<br>The parochial school was founded in 1708, and is endowed with benefactions amounting to £241 per annum. A national school was built in Quaker-street, in 1819, at a total expense of £3300, for the reception of 1000 children; in the boys' room divine service is performed every Sunday evening by the rector. On the opposite side of the street is an infants' school, established in 1820. In Wood-street is the Protestant Dissenters' charity school, instituted in 1717, by subscription, for 50 boys and 50 girls; the house is substantially built, with a good garden behind, and in one of the lower rooms is a library, with a philosophical apparatus, for the members of the Eastern Mechanics' Institute, who hold their meetings here. In Bell-lane is the Jews' free school, originally founded in 1818 for 270 boys, and rebuilt on a larger scale in 1820.
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'This church is one of the fifty new churches ordered to be built by act of parliament, in the reign of Queen Anne. It was began in 1723, by Nicholas Hawksmore, the favourite pupil of Sir Christopher Wren, and was finished in 1729. It is a substantial edifice, built of stone, with a lofty spire over a Doric portico... The interior is 111 feet in length, eighty-seven in breadth, and thirty-four in height.  
  
From: ''A Topographical Dictionary of England'' by Samuel Lewis&nbsp;&nbsp;(1848), pp. 159-164. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51292 Date accessed: 03 May 2010.<br>
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'The church is made a rectory, but is not to be held in commendam; it is in the dioceses of London, in the county of Middlesex, but exempt from the jurisdiction of the archdeacon...'<ref name="elmes">James Elmes, ''A Topographical Dictionary of London and its Environs'' (London: Whittaker, Treacher and Arnot, 1831). Adapted. Digitised by [http://books.google.com/books?id=tjEQAAAAYAAJ Google Books].</ref>
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
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==== Church records  ====
 
==== Church records  ====
  
Contributor: Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts, non conformist and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection  
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cc99ff" colspan="20" | <center><font size="+1">'''Online Spitalfields Parish Register Images and Indexes'''</font></center>
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cc99ff" colspan="2" | &nbsp;
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="6" | <center>'''Baptisms'''</center>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="6" | <center>'''Marriages'''</center>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="6" | <center>'''Burials'''</center>
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cc99ff" colspan="2" | '''Earliest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="6" | <center>1729</center>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="6" | <center>1729</center>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="6" | <center>1729</center>
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#000000" colspan="20" |
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cc99ff" rowspan="2" colspan="2" | '''Images'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cc99ff" colspan="18" | <center>1729-1812 [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1624 Ancestry] baptisms, marriages, and burials<ref name="anc">[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1624 London, England, Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812], courtesy: [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($). Described as Christ Church, Spitalfields in Tower Hamlets Borough. Marriages from 1754 to 1812 are not included in this database. Partially indexed.</ref></center>
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="2" | .
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="4" | [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1558 Ancestry]<ref name="ancc">[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1558 London, England, Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906], courtesy: [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($). Described as . Partially indexed.</ref>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" | .
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="4" | [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1623 Ancestry]<ref name="ancm">[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1623 London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921], courtesy: [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($). Described as . Partially indexed.</ref>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="2" | .
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="4" | [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1559 Ancestry]<ref name="ancb">[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1559 London, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980], courtesy: [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($). Described as . Partially indexed.</ref>
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#000000" colspan="20" |
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cc99ff" rowspan="5" colspan="2" | '''Indexes'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="2" | 1721-1876
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="4" | {{RecordSearch|1473014|FamilySearch}}<ref>Batches {{IGI|C069691}}, {{IGI|C069692}}, {{IGI|C069693}}, see: Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbers/CountyLondon_including_Middlesex_(N-Z).htm "IGI Batch Numbers for London including Middlesex (N-Z), England,"] ''IGI Batch Numbers,'' accessed 10 March 2012. Indexes parish register xx.</ref>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" | 1729-1875
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="4" | {{RecordSearch|1473015|FamilySearch}}<ref>Batch {{IGI|M069691}}, see: Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbers/CountyLondon_including_Middlesex_(N-Z).htm "IGI Batch Numbers for London including Middlesex (N-Z), England,"] ''IGI Batch Numbers,'' accessed 10 March 2012. Indexes parish register xx.</ref>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="2" |
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="4" |
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="2" | 1729-1875
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="4" | [http://www.parishregister.com/searchpage.asp DocklandsAncestors]<ref name="dock" />
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" | 1729-1875
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="4" | [http://www.parishregister.com/searchpage.asp DocklandsAncestors]<ref name="dock">[http://www.parishregister.com/searchpage.asp 'Online Parish Register Search,'] ''ParishRegister.com,'' accessed 12 March 2012.</ref>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="2" | 1729-1875
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="4" | [http://www.parishregister.com/searchpage.asp DocklandsAncestors]<ref name="dock" />
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="2" | &nbsp;
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cccc" colspan="4" | &nbsp;
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" | 1800-1837
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="4" | [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=5967 Ancestry]<ref name="pallot">''Pallot's Marriage and Birth Indexes, Guide to Parishes'' (n.p.: n.p., n.d.). {{FHL|293148|item|disp=FHL British Book 942 V25pm}}</ref>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="2" | &nbsp;
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" colspan="4" | &nbsp;
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|}
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To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use [http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.
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Contributor: Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts, nonconformist and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.
  
 
==== Census records  ====
 
==== Census records  ====
  
Contributor: Include an overview if there is any unique information, such as the census for X year was destroyed. Add a link to online sites for indexes and/or images. Also add a link to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.
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{{British Census|438820}}
  
 
==== Probate records  ====
 
==== Probate records  ====
  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Middlesex Probate Records|Middlesex Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Middlesex Probate Records|Middlesex Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
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==== Poor Law Unions  ====
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Contributor: Add information about the pertinent poor law unions in the area.
  
 
== Maps and Gazetteers  ==
 
== Maps and Gazetteers  ==
  
Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>
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Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>  
  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
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== Web sites  ==
 
== Web sites  ==
  
Contributor: Add any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.
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{{expand section|any additional relevant sites that aren't mentioned above}}
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== References  ==
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{{Reflist}}
  
[[Category:England]] [[Category:Middlesex]]
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[[Category:Middlesex]]

Revision as of 22:49, 12 November 2012

England  Gotoarrow.png  Middlesex Gotoarrow.png  Middlesex Parishes Gotoarrow.png  Spitalfields


Parish History

'SPITALFIELDS Christchurch, a parish, in the union of Whitechapel, Tower division of the hundred of Ossulstone, County of Middlesex. The parish was originally a hamlet in Stepney, from which it was separated by act of parliament in 1729. The church was built in 1729. Sir George Wheler's chapel, in Chapel Street, was built [in 1693] by that gentleman for the accommodation of his tenants, previously to the erection of the parochial church.  It [was] a proprietary episcopal chapel [bought and paid for privately], now in the patronage of the Rev. Richard Tillard. In Spital-square is a church dedicated to St. Mary.

'There are places of worship for Independents, Wesleyans, and Calvinistic Methodists.'[1] In addition, there were chapels for French Huguenots within the parish, although their respective worshipers had by the mid-19th Century mostly diminished having assimilated into the ranks of England's predominant religion. Due to their heavy weaving propensity and influence, however, in the local cloth and weaving industry was felt for centuries.

'Christ Church Spitalfields, the church of, is situated on the south side of Church Street, Spitalfields, directly facing the eastern end of Union Street, Bishopsgate Without. The district called Spitalfields derives its name from having been built upon the fields and grounds belonging to St Mary's Spital, and was formerly a hamlet in the parish of Stepney; but from the great increase of inhabitants, arising from the settlement of the persecuted French Protestants, after the revocation of the edict of Nantz[ sic], by Louis XIV, within its precincts, it was made, in the year 1723, a distinct parish under its present name.

'This church is one of the fifty new churches ordered to be built by act of parliament, in the reign of Queen Anne. It was began in 1723, by Nicholas Hawksmore, the favourite pupil of Sir Christopher Wren, and was finished in 1729. It is a substantial edifice, built of stone, with a lofty spire over a Doric portico... The interior is 111 feet in length, eighty-seven in breadth, and thirty-four in height.

'The church is made a rectory, but is not to be held in commendam; it is in the dioceses of London, in the county of Middlesex, but exempt from the jurisdiction of the archdeacon...'[2]

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church records

Online Spitalfields Parish Register Images and Indexes
 
Baptisms
Marriages
Burials
Earliest
1729
1729
1729
Images
1729-1812 Ancestry baptisms, marriages, and burials[3]
. Ancestry[4] . Ancestry[5] . Ancestry[6]
Indexes 1721-1876 FamilySearch[7] 1729-1875 FamilySearch[8]
1729-1875 DocklandsAncestors[9] 1729-1875 DocklandsAncestors[9] 1729-1875 DocklandsAncestors[9]
    1800-1837 Ancestry[10]    

To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Contributor: Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts, nonconformist and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.


Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Middlesex Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Poor Law Unions

Contributor: Add information about the pertinent poor law unions in the area.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

References

  1. Samuel Lewis, ed. A Topographical Dictionary of England 159-164. (London: S. Lewis and Co., 1848), Online here, (accessed: 03 May 2010). Adapted.
  2. James Elmes, A Topographical Dictionary of London and its Environs (London: Whittaker, Treacher and Arnot, 1831). Adapted. Digitised by Google Books.
  3. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812, courtesy: Ancestry ($). Described as Christ Church, Spitalfields in Tower Hamlets Borough. Marriages from 1754 to 1812 are not included in this database. Partially indexed.
  4. London, England, Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906, courtesy: Ancestry ($). Described as . Partially indexed.
  5. London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921, courtesy: Ancestry ($). Described as . Partially indexed.
  6. London, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980, courtesy: Ancestry ($). Described as . Partially indexed.
  7. Batches C069691, C069692, C069693, see: Hugh Wallis, "IGI Batch Numbers for London including Middlesex (N-Z), England," IGI Batch Numbers, accessed 10 March 2012. Indexes parish register xx.
  8. Batch M069691, see: Hugh Wallis, "IGI Batch Numbers for London including Middlesex (N-Z), England," IGI Batch Numbers, accessed 10 March 2012. Indexes parish register xx.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 'Online Parish Register Search,' ParishRegister.com, accessed 12 March 2012.
  10. Pallot's Marriage and Birth Indexes, Guide to Parishes (n.p.: n.p., n.d.). FHL British Book 942 V25pm