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| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Record Finder]]
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
| FS_URL_04 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2431126?collectionNameFilter=false [African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records|African American Freedman's Saving and Trust Company Records of the Commissioner]]| FS_URL_05 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2427901?collectionNameFilter=false [African American Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Assistant Commissioner]]| FS_URL_06 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2427894?collectionNameFilter=false Superintendent of Education and the Division of Education Records[African American Research|African American Research]]| FS_URL_07 = [[Researching African American Freedmen's Bureau Records|African American Freedmen's Bureau RecordsGenealogy]]| FS_URL_08 = [[Getting Started With African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records|African American Freedman's Saving and Trust Company RecordsResearch]]| FS_URL_09 = [[African American Research|African American ResearchSlavery and Bondage]] | FS_URL_10 = [[United StatesAfrican American Migration]]
| RW_URL_01 =[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com/maps/ Mapping the Freedman's Bureau: Freedman's Bank Branches]
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/freedmens-bank.pdf NARA Reference Report Freedman's Bank]
The Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company was established and incorporated by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865, as a banking institution in Washington, D.C., primarily for the benefit of freed slaves and former African American military personnel. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bank; however, it was not under the supervision of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau).
In 1874, overwhelmed by the effects of the Panic of 1873, mismanagement, abuse, and fraud, the Freedman’s Bank closed. Congress appointed a three-member board and later the Comptroller of the Currency to oversee the affairs of the bank. The Comptroller was made commissioner ''exofficio'Branches ', and he submitted annual reports to Congress. The Freedman’s Bank final report was made in 1920. Contrary to what many of its depositors were led to believe, the bank’s assets were not protected by the federal government. While half of the depositors eventually received about three-fifths of the value of their accounts, others received nothing. Well into the 20th century, some depositors and their heirs were still seeking reimbursement for the remaining portions of their accounts. Depositors included about 67,000 African Americans, or about two percent of the former slave population. In addition, thousands of non–African Americans made deposits at the bank. These people were primarily immigrants who were located born in the following cities:''British Isles, Scandinavia, and Continental Europe. Depositors listed the names of close relatives. All together, the records lists about 480,000 names. === Freedman' s Bank Branches ==={{col-begin|width=79%auto}}
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*Atlanta, Georgia
*Wilmington, North Carolina
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In 1874, overwhelmed by the effects of the Panic of 1873, mismanagement, abuse, and fraud, the Freedman’s Bank closed. Congress appointed a three-member board and later the Comptroller of the Currency to oversee the affairs of the bank. The Comptroller was made commissioner exofficio, and he submitted annual reports to Congress. The Freedman’s Bank final report was made in 1920. Contrary to what many of its depositors were led to believe, the bank’s assets were not protected by the federal government. While half of the depositors eventually received about three-fifths of the value of their accounts, others received nothing. Well into the 20th century, some depositors and their heirs were still seeking reimbursement for the remaining portions of their accounts. Depositors included about 67,000 African Americans, or about two percent of the former slave population. In addition, thousands of non–African Americans made deposits at the bank. These people were primarily immigrants who were born in the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Continental Europe. Depositors listed the names of close relatives. All together, the records lists about 480,000 names.
=== Related Collections ===
'''FamilySearch'''
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2821262?availability=Family%20History%20Library Letters Received by the Commissioners, Part 1,:Correspondence,Loans, and Bank Books, 1870-1914. Family History Library Catalog]
=== Image Visibility ==={{Image Visibility}}  === National Archives Catalog ===*''' FamilySearch CatalogDividend Payment Record Books'''*[https://wwwcatalog.archives.familysearchgov/id/566993 Dividend Payment Record of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company, 1882-1889.orgNAID 566993] *[https:/search/catalog.archives.gov/id/286272?availability=Family%20History%20Library Carl R74888524 Atlanta]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74888441 Alexandria, Augusta]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74889101 Beaufort, Baltimore]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74888630 Charleston]*[https://catalog. Osthausarchives.''Freedmengov/id/74888560 Jacksonville, PhilanthropyLexington, and FraudLynchburg]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74888849 Macon]*[https: a history of the Freedman's Bank//catalog.archives.'' Urbanagov/id/74888963 Natchez, Nashville,IllinoisNew Berne] *[https: University of Illinois Press//catalog.archives.gov/id/74888888 New York]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74889043 Norfolk]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74889101 Richmond]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74889190 Savannah]*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74889278 St. Louis, Shreveport, 1976Tallahassee]*[https://catalog. FHL 973 U3oarchives.gov/id/74889342 Vicksburg] '''National Archives CatalogRelated Collections'''
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/567353 Finance and Accounting Records of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company,1870-1908 NAID 567353]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/567231 Loan and Real Estate Ledgers and Journals of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company,1870-1916 NAID 567231]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/567309 Mail Registers of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company,1872-1884 NAID 567309]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2538264 Lost Deposit Book Questionnaires and related Records Received by the Commissioners of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company and by the Comptroller of the Currency as Ex Officio Commissioner, 1870-1914 NAID 2538264]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/566993 Dividend Payment Record of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company,1882-1889. NAID 566993]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/566979 Index to Deposit Ledgers for the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company , 1865 - 1874. NAID 566979]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/567231 Loan and Real Estate Ledgers and Journals of the Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company,1870-1916 NAID 567231]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74893066 Loan and Real Estate Ledgers and Journals: Loans, 1870-1871 NAID 74893066]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/566993 Dividend Payment Record of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1882 - 1889 , 13 files from Alexandria, Augusta, Atlanta, Jacksonville, Lexington, Lynchburg, Charleston, Beufort, Baltimore, Macon New York, Natchez, Nashville, New Berne, Norfolk, Richmond, Savannah, St Louis, Shreveport, Tallahassee and Vicksburg locations NAID 566993]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74893066 Loan and Real Estate Ledgers and Journals: Loans, 1870-187 vol 13 or 14 NAID 74893092]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/74893092 Loan and Real Estate Ledgers and Journals: Ledger Balances, 1872-1876 Vol 14 of 14 NAID 74889422]
=== Related Articles ===
*Morna Lahnie Hollister.'' Using Freedmen's Bank Registers to Trace Enslaved Families: A South Carolina McFall Example.'' National Genealogical Society Quarterly. 99 #2 (June 2011): 125-132. FHL 973 B2ng*Robert scott Davis, Jr. ''Documentation for Afro-American Families: Records of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company.'' National Genealogical Society Quarterly FHL 973 B2ng
===To Browse This Collection===
{{Collection_Browse_Link
'''Bank'''
{{col-begin|width=79%auto}}
{{col-break}}
*Account number
*Mother’s name
*Brothers’ and sisters’ names
*Name of former master or mistress owner
*Name of plantation
*Regiment and company served in during the Civil War
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1417695|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':
# Select '''State and City'''
# Select '''Roll Number, Date Range and Account Number Range''' to view the images.<br><br>
{{HR Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1417695 United States, Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
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==What Do I Do Next?=====I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?===
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=== Related Family History Library Holdings ===
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2821262 Letters Received by the Commissioners, Part 1,:Correspondence,Loans, and Bank Books, 1870-1914. Family History Library Catalog]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/286272 Carl R. Osthaus.''Freedmen, Philanthropy, and Fraud: a history of the Freedman's Bank.'' Urbana,Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1976. FHL 973 U3o]
 
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== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records ==
[[Category:African American Records]]
{{H-langs|en=United States, Freedman's Bank Records - FamilySearch Historical Records|[[pt=:Estados Unidos, Registros do Banco de Libertos (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}]]
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