South Carolina in the Civil War

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Military Records  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War

Attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, USA, April 1861


On 20 December 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union. The first shots were fired 9 January 1861 by Citadel cadets on a merchant ship taking supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.  The April 1861 bombardment of Fort Sumter caused the official start of the Civil War. [1]

South Carolina provided many troops for the Confederacy.  As the war progressed, many ex-slaves joined the Union troops.  South Carolina lost 12,922 men in the war which was 23% of its white male population of fighting age, the highest percentage of any state.[1]

South Carolina Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, many were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of South Carolina Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.

South Carolina Units by Number or by Name
Confed. Units

South Carolina Units by Type of Unit
Confed. Units
Local Units

Confederate Flag Flying Over Fort Sumter After the April 1861 Battle

Battles in South Carolina

The following list is from and Civil War Battle Summaries by State

- Battle summary
- National Park
- Battle summary
- Battle summary
- Battle summary
- National Park
- Battle summary
- Battle summary
- Battle summary
  • Aug 17-Aug 23, 1863 ? Fort Sumter / Charleston Harbor / Morris Island (Charleston County)
- Battle summary
- National Park
  • September 7-8, 1863 Charleston Harbor / Battery Gregg / Fort Wagner / Morris Island (Charleston County)
- Battle summary
- Battle summary
- Battle summary

 South Carolina Civil War Map of Battles [2]

Service Records

  • An index to service records is available for Confederate soldiers (Family History Library films 881967-882001).
  • The service records are at the National Archives.
  • A published roster of Confederate soldiers is in Alexander S. Salley, Jr., South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service, Three Volumes (Columbia, South Carolina: R.L. Bryan Co., 1913-30; Family History Library book 975.7 M28s; film 982339 Volumes 1-3).

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has the compiled service and pension records of Confederate soldiers, musters and payrolls of confederate units, and the 1907 to 1957 records of the Confederate Home. In addition, the Archives has posted an online index to Confederate Pension 1919-1938. This index is linked to online document images for some of the files.

Civil War Pension Index Cards

A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

Southern Claims Commission

If a Union sympathizer in South Carolina claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of the residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in South Carolina counties during the Civil War see the Southern Claims Commission.

Other Source Material

  • Capers, Ellison. Confederate Military History. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing Company, 1899). Google Books.
  • Crute, Joseph H. Jr. Units of the Confederate States Army. Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
  • Estes, Claud. List of Field Officers, Regiments and Battalions in the Confederate States Army 1861-1865. Macon: The J. W. Burke Company, 1913. Google Books and at the Family History Library FHL Collection book 973 M2Lo, FHL Collection, fiche 6082198 (3 fiche)
  • O'Donnell-Rosales, John. Hispanic Confederates. Baltimore: Genelogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006.  Google Books , FHL Collection, FHL book 973 M2oh, and 2006 edition FHL Collection.
  • Rigdon, John C. South Carolina regimental histories of the American Civil War : & index to South Carolina Civil War soldiers. Clearwater, South Carolina : Eastern Digital Resources, 2006. FHL CD-ROM no. 4269 FHL Collection.
  • Rivers, William J.. Rivers' account of the raising of troops in South Carolina for state and Confederate service, 1861-1865. Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. FHL Collection, FHL fiche 6082599 (1 fiche).
  • Rivers, William J. Roll of the Dead, South Carolina troops, Confederate States Service. [Columbia, South Carolina] : Public Programs Division, S.C. Dept. of Archives and History, c1995. This book lists many who died while in Confederate service.  It is an alphabetical name listing with District, age, rank, company, reigment, date and cause of death. Family History Library book 975.7 M2rd, FHL Collection.
  • Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and William L. Haskin, editors. The Army of the United States. New York: Maynard, Merrill, & Co., 1896.  Google Books.  Also available at the Internet site, US Army Center of Military History, accessed 12/08/2010. 
  • Salley, A. S.South Carolina troops in Confederate service". Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. Google Books- Volume I, Google Books Volume IIFHL Collection, fiche 6082600 (21 fiche).
  • The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies by  published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington, District of Columbia : Govt. Print. Off., 1880-1901. Google Books and at the Family History Library, FHL Collection, book 973 M29u, series 1-4; 120 films beginning with 845306 Item 3. An index is found in The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies : general index and additions and corrections by Fred C. Ainsworth and Joseph W. Kirkley (Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. G.P.O.),FHL Collection, FHL book 973 M29u index and film 430054.
  • Confederate Army Units formed in South Carolina during the War for Southern Independence, Internet site by the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Camp 36 Greenville, S.C., accessed 11/27/2010.
  • Index to South Carolina Soldiers from the Internet site, The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina.  Eastern Digital Resouces. This is an alphabetical list of known soldiers. Accessed 11/27/2010
  • South Carolina in the Civil War Homepage, Internet site by Mac Wyckoff, accessed 11/29/2010. Lists links to South Carolina Military units, battles, a few names of soldiers and books about the Civil War.
  • Confederate Veterans Present at a 1922 Reunion at Walhalla, South Carolina, Internet site, accessed 11/30/2010
  • Shock Troops of the Confederacy-The Sharpshooter Battalions of the Army of Northern Virginia. by Fred L. Ray.   CFS Press Internet site, accessed 11/30/2010. This site lists the table of contents for this book and has a picture gallery of men who were sharpshooters.
  • "South Carolina Infantry Regiments", Internet site, accessed 11/30/2010.  This has some information about some of the units and some links to other sites (note: some of the links are no longer valid).
  • Southern Messenger, Internet site, accessed 12/03/2010. This site contains an ancestor memorial where people can post names of those involved in the war.  It also has links to other information about the Civil War, pictures and even a 'Project Wave' project where people will display flags in honor of an ancestor.
  • Confederate American Pride, Internet site, accessed 12/03/2010.  This site has photos and biographies of Confederate leaders, articles about the Civil War, links and other information.
  • The War of the Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of The Unioin and Conferate Armies" eHistory Internet site, accessed 12/15/2010. Can search by keyword or phrase; find maps, images and other information.
  • War Between the States in South Carolina. Traci Parsons-Holder. Internet site, accessed 12/30/2010. This internet site lists links to histories, soldiers biorgraphies, and other reference material about the Civil War in South Carolina. (Note: not all links are current.)
  • Evans, Clement Anselm. Confederate Military History; A Library of Confederate States History (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1987-1988, c1987-1988), v.5 South Carolina , pages 425-931. A library of Confederate states history, in seventeen volumes, written by distinguished men of the South, and edited by Gen. Clement A. Evans of Georgia. Volume 5 at FHL 975 M2e 1987 v. 5.
  • Cauthen, Charles Edward. South Carolina Goes to War, 1860-1865  (Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1950).  Locate Book at WorldCat.
  • Flynn, Jean Martin. The Militia in Antebellum South Carolina Society (Spartanburg, South Carolina : The Reprint Co., c1991), 200 pages. Book at FHL 975.7 M2f and Other Libraries.
  • United Daughters of the Confederacy. John K. McIver Chapter. Treasured Reminiscences : Including Accounts of the 1st, 6th, 8th, 9th, and 21st Regiments, South Carolina Volunteer Infantry, the 6th South Carolina Calvary Regiment, and the 1st, 15th, and Pee Dee Volunteer Artillery Battalions, Confederate States Army, 1861-1865 (University, Ala. : Confederate Pub. Co., 1982)  Book atWorldcat
  • McCaslin, Richard B.  A Photographic History of South Carolina in the Civil War ( Fayetteville : University of Arkansas Press, c1994) Locate at
  • Francis Trevelyan Miller, editor-in-chief; Robert S. Lanier, managing editor. The photographic History of the Civil War in 10 Volumes (New York;The Review of Reviews Co., 1911) Thousands of scenes photographed 1861-65, with text by many special authorities. v. 1. The opening battles, v. 2. Two years of grim war, v. 3. The decisive battles, v. 4. The cavalry, v. 5. Forts and artillery, v. 6. The navies, v. 7. Prisons and hospitals, v. 8. Soldier life, secret service, v. 9. Poetry and eloquence of Blue and Gray, v. 10. Armies and leaders.  Digital copies at Internet Archives 
  • Kirkland, Randolph Withers.Broken Fortunes : South Carolina Soldiers, Sailors and Citzens Who Died in the Service of Their Country and State in the War for Southern Independence, 1861-1865 (Charleston, South Carolina : South Carolina Historical Society, c1995), 413 pages. Names are in alphabetical order. Book at FHL 975.7 M2k
  • McCawley,Patrick.Guide to Civil War Records : A Guide to the Records in the South Carolina Department of Archives and History (Columbia, South Carolina : South Carolina Department of Archives and History, c1994), 81 pages. Book at FHL 975.771/C1 J5m and Other Libaries
  • Seigler, Robert S.A Guide to Confederate Monuments in South Carolina : Passing the Silent Cup (Columbia, S. C.: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, ©1997)  A county-by-county listing of "all Confederate monuments that appear on courthouse lawns and town squares, in cemeteries, in churchyards, and in public parks throughout South Carolina; memorials erected by churches to honor members of the congregation who served or died in the war; grave markers of all Confederate generals buried in South Carolina; markers commemorating the women of the state; and numerous smaller markers. Locate book a WorldCat


  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia, "South Carolina in the American Civil War,", accessed 29 December 2010.
  2. South Carolina Civil War Map of Battles (accessed 7 March 2011]