Sioux Indians

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History

Brief Timeline

Brief History

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Tribal Headquarters

Bands and Groups of the Sioux Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities

The term or designation of Sioux Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Northern Plains area, and have ranged from the Canadian border and even into Canada on the north to Oklahoma on the south, and from Wyoming and Montana on the west to the Mississippi River and beyond on the east. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Sioux, with their colonies or reservations,include:

Records

Agency Records

Corresponence and Census

Tribe Agence Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962 

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL Film Number
Sioux Fort Peck Agency, 1885-1939 Seattle - 11, 150-60  576840-849
Brule Sioux Lower Brule/Whetstone (Rosebud), 1875-1966 Washington D.C. and Kansas City 401, 925-27 427-30 581421-440
Brule Sioux Spotted Tail (Rosebud),Grand River, 1875-1966  Washington D.C. and Kansas City 840-45, 305-06 427-45 581421-440
Cuthead Sioux Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-66 Washington D.C. 883-88
Lower Brule Sioux

Upper Missouri Agency to 1874

Washington D.C. 883-88 -
Lower Brule Sioux Crow Creek Agency,       1874-1955 Washington D.C. and Kansas City 249 87-92 575771-784
Lower Brule Sioux Lower Brule Agency, 1875-76 Washington D.C. and Kansas City 401 87-92, 252 575771-784
Mdewakanton Sioux Birch Colley (Pipestone), 1895-1954 Kansas City 2, 35, 385 573848 and 580764
Miniconjou Sioux Upper Missouri ans Upper Platte, 1824-74 Washington D.C. 883-96 -
Miniconjou Sioux Cheyenne River Agency, 1869-1956 Kansas City - - 574192-199
Oglala Sioux Upper Missouri/Upper Platte, 1824-74 Washington D.C. Roll 883-96 -
Oglala Sioux Red Cloud / Whetstone/ Spotted Tail, 1871-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 715-26, 925-27, 840-45 -
Oglala Sioux Grand River (Standing Rock),  1871-1957 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 305-06 _ 583006-022
Oglala Sioux Pine Ridge Agency, 1913-1943 with gaps Kansas City - Rolls 370-84 580741-763
Sioux,Oglala Pine Ridge Agency, 1886-1943 Washington D.C. and Kansas City - Rolls 361-84 580741-763
Santee Sioux Saint Peters Agency, to 1870 Washington D.C. Rolls 757066 -
Santee Sioux Santee Sioux Agency,     1871-76 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 768-69 Rolls 474-77 581485-487
Santee Sioux Nebraska Agencies, 1876-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 518-29 -
Santee Sioux Flandreau School, 1873-1951 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Roll 285 Rolls 105-06
Santee Sioux Winnebago and Yankton, 1867-1955 Washington D.C. and Kansas CIty Rolls 930-47, 959-62 Rolls 660-70, 684-88 583122-129 and 583139-147
Sioux, Mississippi Saint Peters Agency,     1824-70 Washington D.C. Rolls 756-66 -
Sioux, Mississippi Prairie du Chien and Winnegabo Agencies Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 695-702, 930-47 -
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-74 Washington D.C. Rolls 883-88 -
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Upper Platte Agency, 1846-70 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 -
Sioux, Missouri/ Platte River Yankton Agency, 1859-76 Washington D.C. Rolls 959-62 - 583139-147
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-74 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 -
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Whetstone Agency, 1871-74 Washington D.C. Rolls 925-27 -
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River SpottedTail Agency, 1875-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 840-45 -
Sioux, Missouri/ Platte River Red Cloud Agency, 1871-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 715-26 -
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Grand River Agency, 1871-75 Washington D.C. Rolls 305-06 -
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Standing Rock Agency, 1871-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 846-52 - 583006-002
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Crow Creek Agency, 1871-76 Washington D.C. Roll 249 - 575779-784
Sioux, Missouri/Platte River Lower Brule Agency, 1875-76 Washington D.C. 401 - 571779-81
Sioux-Fort Totten Fort Totten Agency, 1875-1950 Kansas City - Rolls 161-64 576850-853
Sioux-Cheyenne River Cheyenne River Agency, 1869-1956 Washington D.C. and Kansas City - Rolls 33-40 574192-199
Sioux-Spotted Tail Rosebud Agency, 1860-1966 Kansas City and Denver - 427-45 581421-440
Sioux-Standing Rock Standing Rock Agency, 1885-1939 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 845-52 547-63 583006-022
Sioux-Sisseton Saint Peters Agency, 1824-70 Washington D.C. 756-66 Rolls 507-17
Sioux-Sisseton Devil's Lake Agency, 1871-80 Washington D.C. and Kansas City 280-84 -
Sioux-Sisseton Devil's Lake Agency, 1885-90, 1892-1905 Washington D.C. and Kansas City - 94-97
Sioux-Sisseton Sisseton Agency, 1886-1929 with gaps Kansas City - 507-17 581882-891
Wahkepute Sioux SEE Sisseton Sioux

Vital Records

  • Fort Totten Agency, M595, births and deaths 1935-36 and 1938 some marriages FHL Film: 576853
  • Fort Peck Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932 FHL Film: 576847 and births and deaths 1935-1939 FHL Film: 576849
  • Rosebud Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1931 FHL Film: 581435 and births and deaths 1929-1936 FHL Film: 581439 
  • Cheyenne River Agency, M595, births and deaths 1925-1932 FHL Film: 574198 and births and deaths 1933-1942 FHL Film: 574199
  • Crow Creek Agency, M595, births and deaths 1925-1932 FHL Film: 575776 and births and deaths and some marriages 1935-1936 FHL Film: 575777
  • Lower Burle Sioux Agency, M595, births and deaths 1929 FHL Film: 575782 and births and deaths 1924-1931 FHL Film: 575783 and births and deaths 1935-39, 1942 FHL FIlm: 575784
  • Standing Rock Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932 FHL Film: 583017
  • Pine Ridge Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932 FHL Film: 580758
  • Winnebago Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1931 FHL Film: 583126; births and deaths 1932-1933 FHL Film 583127 and births and deaths 1922-1938 FHL Film: 583129

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published