Siletz Indian Agency (Oregon)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
Joshua, Sixes (Kwatami), Chetco, Rogue River, Chastacosta, and Klamath
The Siletz Agency was established in 1856 on the Siletz River on the Coast Reservation near Toledo. When the Roseburg Agency was abolished in 1918, some of the nonreservation Indians inf Oregon were assigned to the Siletz Agency. In 1925, the Siletz Agency was consolidated with the Salem or Chemawa School, which assumed its duties. In 1938, the Grand Ronde-Siletz Agency was established, elieveing the school of its agency duties. This agency operated until 1956, when it was abolished.
Most of the records for the Siletz Agency appear to have been carried down as separate records when its duties were carried out by the Salem School. When the Grand Ronde-Siletz Agency was established, again the records appear to have gone into the holdings of the new agency and are among the records of that consolidated agency now housed in the Pacific Alaska Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Seattle.
Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Siletz Agency, 1881-1899, are on roll 49 of that Microcopy set. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617722).
Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1885-1925. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 505-506. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 581880-581881). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Siletz Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Siletz Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 178, Siletz Indian Reservation, in Lincoln County, Oregon.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online