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Various Spellings: Shoshone, Shoshoni
Ancestral Homeland: west of Rocky Mouantains and east of the Sierra Nevada Eastern Shoshone near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains
Population: 1900: 7,000 1990: 9,215
Prominent Shoshone: Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06
- 1 History
- 2 Tribal Headquarters
- 3 Bands, Groups and Subdivisions of Shoshone Indians and Their Reservations
- 4 Records
- 5 Important Web Sites
- 6 References
- 1782: Smallpox epidemic
- 1803-06: Lewis and Clark Expedition
- 1825: Jedediah Smith
- 1847: Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley
- 1849: Gold in California
- 1857: Comstock Lode - Silver in Nevada
- 1862: Colonal Patrick Conner founded Fort Douglas Salt Lake City
- 1863: January 29, Bear River Massacre, Compaign lead by Colonal Patrick Conner, 300 soldiers, 224 indians killed only 22 soldiers killed
- 1863: July, Treaty
- 1869: Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad met at Promontory Point, Utah
- 1860-1870: all Shoshone bands asigned reservations
- 1878: a band -Sheepeaters including Bannock and Shoshone Indians uprising in the Salmon River Mountains of Idaho.
- 1982: Western Shoshone federally recognition
Fort Hall Reservation: in eastern Idaho, Northern Shoshone
Western Shoshone Reservation in Duck Valley on the Nevada-Idaho border.
Goshute Reservation in eastern Nevada
Skull Valley Reservation
Additional References to the History of the Tribe
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Shoshone tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation
P.O. Box 140068
Duckwater, Nevada 89314
Telephone: (702) 863-0227
Fax: (702) 863-0301
Ely Shoshone Tribe
16 Shoshone Circle
Ely, Nevada 89301
Telephone: (702) 289-3013
Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: (702) 423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780
South Fork Shoshone
South Fork Shoshone
HC 30 Box B-13
Elko, Nevada 89801
Telephone: (702) 744-4273
P.O. Box 809
Wells, Nevada 89835
Telephone: (702) 752-3045
Yomba Band of Shoshone
Yomba Band of Shoshone
HC 61 Box 6275
Austin, Nevada 89310
Telephone: (702) 964-2463
Bands, Groups and Subdivisions of Shoshone Indians and Their Reservations
The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:
- Death Valley Shoshone -- see Timbisha Shoshone
- Duckwater Shoshone -- Duckwater Reservation (Nevada)
- Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada -- Ely Colony (Nevada)
- Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes -- Fort McDermitt Reservation (Nevada and Oregon)
- Mountain Shoshone or Sheepeaters -- Fort Lemhi and Fort Hall Reservation(Idaho and Montana)
- Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie)
- Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- Bishop Colony (California)
- Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)
- Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- Lone Pine Reservation (California)
- Ruby Valley Shoshone
- Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation -- Wind River Reservation (Wyoming)
- Shoshone-Bannock Tribes -- Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho)
- Shoshone-Paiute Tribes -- Duck Valley Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)
- Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone
- Battle Mountain Band -- Battle Mountain Colony (Nevada)
- Elko Band -- Elko Colony (Nevada)
- South Fork Band -- South Fork Reservation (Nevada)
- Wells Band -- Wells Colony (Nevada)
- Timbisha Shoshone Tribe
- Weiser (Eagle Eye's) Band
- Yomba Western Shoshone Tribe -- Yomba Reservation (Nevada)
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on Indian Population Schedules.
Correspondence and Census
|Tribe||Agency||Location of Original Records||
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
|Shoshone||Wind River Agency, 1873-1952||Denver||-||-||167, 498-504, 631, 663||581873-581879|
|Shoshone||Carson School, 1909-39||San Francisco||-||-||18-21||573864-867|
|Shoshone||Fort Hall, 1885-87, 1890-91, 1894-1939||Seattle||-||-||138-44, 498-504||576493-499|
|Shoshone||Lemhi Agency, 1885, 1887-1906||Seattle||-||-||248||576494|
|Shoshone, Western||Western Shoshone Agency, 1897-1916||San Francisco||-||-||646-48||583105-107|
- 1855 June 9, referred to in Wallawalla Treaty
- 1863 July 2, at Fort Bridger, with Eastern Shoshone
- 1863 July 30, at Box Elder Shoshone-Northwestern Bands
- 1863 October 1, at Ruby Valley with Western Shoshoni
- 1863 October 12, at Tuilla Valley with Shoshoni-Goship
- 1868: at Fort Bridger Eastern Band Shoshoni and Bannock
- Wind River Agency, M595, births and deaths 1938-39, FHL Film: 583122 and births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 581878
- Fort Hall Agency, M595, birth and deaths, FHL Film: 576497 and births and deaths 1924-1934, FHL Film: 576498 and 576499
Important Web Sites
- The Shoshone Indians -- History and description of the Shoshone Indian, especially the Eastern Shoshone of the Wind River Reservation.
- Ely Shoshone Tribe Constitution
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation Idaho
- Constitution and By-laws of the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe, Nevada
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation Nevada
- Constitution of the Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Nevada
- Shoshone Tribe Wikipedia
- Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
- Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
- Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
- Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
- Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
- Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
- Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
- Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
- Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
- Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
- Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
- Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published