Shoshone Indians

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Ancestral Homeland: west of Rocky Mouantains and east of the Sierra Nevada Eastern Shoshone near Grand teton and Wind River Mountains

Prominent Shoshone: Sacajawea joined the Lew and Clark Expedition- 1803-06


History

Brief Timeline

1803-06: Lewis and Clark Expedition

1825: Jedediah Smith

1847: Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley

1849: Gold in California

1857: Comstock Lode - Silver in Nevada

1862: Colonal Patrick Conner founded Fort Douglas Salt Lake City

1863: Bear River Compaign lead by Colonal Patrick Conner

Brief History

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Tribal Headquarters

Duckwater Shoshone:

Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation
P.O. Box 140068
Duckwater, Nevada 89314
Telephone: (702) 863-0227
Fax: (702) 863-0301

Ely Shoshone:

Ely Shoshone Tribe
16 Shoshone Circle
Ely, Nevada 89301
Telephone: (702) 289-3013
Fax:(702) 289-3156

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: (702) 423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780
Fax:(702) 423-5202

South Fork Shoshone

South Fork Shoshone
HC 30 Box B-13
Elko, Nevada 89801
Telephone: (702) 744-4273
Fax:(702) 744-4523

Wells Shoshone

Wells Shoshone
P.O. Box 809
Wells, Nevada 89835
Telephone: (702) 752-3045

Yomba Band of Shoshone

Yomba Band of Shoshone
HC 61 Box 6275
Austin, Nevada 89310
Telephone: (702) 964-2463
Fax:(702) 964-2443

Bands, Groups and Subdivisions of Shoshone Indians and Their Reservations

The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:

Battle Mountain Band -- Battle Mountain Colony (Nevada)
Elko Band -- Elko Colony (Nevada)
South Fork Band -- South Fork Reservation (Nevada)
Wells Band -- Wells Colony (Nevada)

Records

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on Indian Population Schedules.

Agency Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Niumber

Post 1885-Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

FHL

Film

Number

Shoshone Wind River Agency, 1873-1952 Denver - 167, 498-504, 631, 663 581873-581879
Shoshone Carson School, 1909-39 San Francisco - 18-21 573864-867
Shoshone Fort Hall, 1885-87, 1890-91, 1894-1939 Seattle - 138-44, 498-504 576493-499
Shoshone Lemhi Agency, 1885, 1887-1906 Seattle - 248 576494
Shoshone, Western Western Shoshone Agency, 1897-1916 San Francisco - 646-48 583105-107

Vital Records

  • Wind River Agency, M595 births and deaths, 1938-39, FHL Film: 583122 and births and deaths 1924-1932 FHL Film: 581878
  • Fort Hall Agency, M595 birth and deaths, FJL Film: 576497 and births and deaths 1924-1934 FHL Film: 576498 and 576499

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published