Difference between revisions of "Shoshone Indians"

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'''Alternate Names:''' Shoshoni<br>
 +
'''Ancestral Homeland:''' west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah.
  
'''Various Spellings:''' Shoshone, Shoshoni
+
== History  ==
 
 
'''Ancestral Homeland:''' west of Rocky Mouantains and east of the Sierra Nevada Eastern Shoshone near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains
 
 
 
Northern Shoshone: Idaho, Eastern Oregon and Northern Nevada
 
 
 
Southern Shoshone: Nevada, Wyoming and Utah
 
  
'''Population:''' '''1900:''' 7,000 '''1990:''' 9,215  
+
The population of the Shoshone in 1900 was estimated as 7,000. In 1990 it was estimated to be 9,215.
  
 
'''Prominent Shoshone:''' Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06  
 
'''Prominent Shoshone:''' Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06  
 
<br>
 
 
== History  ==
 
  
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
Line 23: Line 14:
 
*'''1825:''' Jedediah Smith  
 
*'''1825:''' Jedediah Smith  
 
*'''1825:''' First Rocky Mountain rendezvous at Green River in Wyoming  
 
*'''1825:''' First Rocky Mountain rendezvous at Green River in Wyoming  
*18--: The Oregon and Clifornia trails both go right through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock.  
+
*'''mid 1800s:''' The Oregon and California Trails both go right through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock.  
 
*'''1847:''' Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley  
 
*'''1847:''' Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley  
*'''1849: '''Gold in California  
+
*'''1849:''' Gold was discovered in California  
 
*'''1855:''' Treaty  
 
*'''1855:''' Treaty  
 
*'''1857:''' Comstock Lode - Silver in Nevada  
 
*'''1857:''' Comstock Lode - Silver in Nevada  
*'''1862: '''Colonal Patrick Conner founded Fort Douglas Salt Lake City  
+
*'''1862: '''Colonel Patrick Conner founded Fort Douglas Salt Lake City  
*'''1863:''' January 29, Bear River Massacre,&nbsp;Compaign lead by Colonal Patrick Conner, 300 soldiers, 224 indians killed only 22 soldiers killed  
+
*'''1863:''' January 29, Bear River Massacre, Campaign lead by Colonel Patrick Conner, 300 soldiers, 224 Indians killed; only 22 soldiers killed  
 
*'''1863:''' July, Treaty  
 
*'''1863:''' July, Treaty  
 
*'''1868:''' Treaty  
 
*'''1868:''' Treaty  
*'''1869:''' Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad&nbsp;met at Promontory Point, Utah  
+
*'''1869:''' Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad met at Promontory Point, Utah  
*'''1860-1870:''' all Shoshone bands asigned reservations  
+
*'''1860-1870:''' all Shoshone bands assigned to reservations  
*'''1870's''' lack of sufficient rations continuing problem at Fort Hall  
+
*'''1870s''' lack of sufficient rations continuing problem at Fort Hall  
 
*'''1878:''' Bannock War  
 
*'''1878:''' Bannock War  
*'''1878:''' a band -Sheepeaters including Bannock and Shoshone Indians uprising in the Salmon River Mountains of Idaho.  
+
*'''1878:''' a band - Sheepeaters, including Bannock and Shoshone Indians, were part of an uprising in the Salmon River Mountains of Idaho.  
*'''1880's:''' Railroad Rights-of-Way  
+
*'''1880s:''' Railroad Rights-of-Way  
*'''1982:''' Western Shoshone federally recognition
+
*'''1982:''' Western Shoshone federally recognized
 
 
==== Brief History  ====
 
  
 
==== Reservations  ====
 
==== Reservations  ====
Line 54: Line 43:
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
  
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/shoshoniindianhist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Shoshone tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.  
+
*Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/shoshoniindianhist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Shoshone tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.  
  
 
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
 
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
Line 86: Line 75:
 
The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:  
 
The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:  
  
*Death Valley Shoshone -- see [[Timbisha Shoshone Indians|Timbisha Shoshone]]<br>
+
*Death Valley Shoshone -- see [[Timbisha Shoshone Indians|Timbisha Shoshone]]<br>  
 
*Duckwater Shoshone -- [[Duckwater Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Duckwater Reservation (Nevada)]]  
 
*Duckwater Shoshone -- [[Duckwater Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Duckwater Reservation (Nevada)]]  
*Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada -- [[Ely Indian Colony (Nevada)|Ely Colony (Nevada)]]<br>
+
*Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada -- [[Ely Indian Colony (Nevada)|Ely Colony (Nevada)]]<br>  
 
*Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes -- [[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]] (Nevada and Oregon)  
 
*Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes -- [[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]] (Nevada and Oregon)  
 
*Mountain Shoshone or [[Sheepeater Indians|Sheepeaters]] -- [[Fort Lemhi Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Lemhi]] and [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall]] Reservation(Idaho and Montana)  
 
*Mountain Shoshone or [[Sheepeater Indians|Sheepeaters]] -- [[Fort Lemhi Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Lemhi]] and [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall]] Reservation(Idaho and Montana)  
Line 95: Line 84:
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)]]  
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)]]  
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Lone Pine Indian Reservation (California)|Lone Pine Reservation (California)]]  
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Lone Pine Indian Reservation (California)|Lone Pine Reservation (California)]]  
*[[Ruby Valley Shoshone Indians|Ruby Valley Shoshone]]<br>
+
*[[Ruby Valley Shoshone Indians|Ruby Valley Shoshone]]<br>  
 
*Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation -- [[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|Wind River Reservation (Wyoming)]]  
 
*Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation -- [[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|Wind River Reservation (Wyoming)]]  
 
*Shoshone-Bannock Tribes -- [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho)]]  
 
*Shoshone-Bannock Tribes -- [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho)]]  
Line 114: Line 103:
 
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]]  
 
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]]  
  
==== Agencies ====
+
==== Agencies ====
  
*Wind River Agency
+
*Wind River Agency  
*Fort Hall Agency
+
*Fort Hall Agency  
 
*Western Shoshone Agency
 
*Western Shoshone Agency
  
 
'''Correspondence and Census'''  
 
'''Correspondence and Census'''  
  
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
Line 132: Line 121:
 
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962  
 
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962  
  
Roll Number
+
Roll Number  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
Line 139: Line 128:
 
Film  
 
Film  
  
Niumber
+
Niumber  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
Post 1885-Census  
 
Post 1885-Census  
  
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
+
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
Line 151: Line 140:
 
Film  
 
Film  
  
Number
+
Number  
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 186: Line 175:
 
| 583105-107
 
| 583105-107
 
|-
 
|-
| Shoshone
+
| Shoshone  
| Carson School,&nbsp; 1909-39
+
| Carson School,&nbsp; 1909-39  
| San Francisco
+
| San Francisco  
| -
+
| -  
| -
+
| -  
| 18-21
+
| 18-21  
 
| 573864-867
 
| 573864-867
 
|}
 
|}
Line 221: Line 210:
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
+
<references />  
  
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
==== Bibliography  ====
Line 239: Line 228:
  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
+
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>  
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
+
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>  
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
+
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>  
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
+
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>  
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
+
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>  
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
+
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>  
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
+
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>  
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
+
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>  
 
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
 
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
+
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>  
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
+
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>  
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
+
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
+
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
+
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  

Revision as of 21:36, 8 March 2010

Alternate Names: Shoshoni
Ancestral Homeland: west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah.

History

The population of the Shoshone in 1900 was estimated as 7,000. In 1990 it was estimated to be 9,215.

Prominent Shoshone: Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06

Brief Timeline

  • 1782: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1803-06: Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • 1825: Jedediah Smith
  • 1825: First Rocky Mountain rendezvous at Green River in Wyoming
  • mid 1800s: The Oregon and California Trails both go right through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock.
  • 1847: Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley
  • 1849: Gold was discovered in California
  • 1855: Treaty
  • 1857: Comstock Lode - Silver in Nevada
  • 1862: Colonel Patrick Conner founded Fort Douglas Salt Lake City
  • 1863: January 29, Bear River Massacre, Campaign lead by Colonel Patrick Conner, 300 soldiers, 224 Indians killed; only 22 soldiers killed
  • 1863: July, Treaty
  • 1868: Treaty
  • 1869: Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad met at Promontory Point, Utah
  • 1860-1870: all Shoshone bands assigned to reservations
  • 1870s lack of sufficient rations continuing problem at Fort Hall
  • 1878: Bannock War
  • 1878: a band - Sheepeaters, including Bannock and Shoshone Indians, were part of an uprising in the Salmon River Mountains of Idaho.
  • 1880s: Railroad Rights-of-Way
  • 1982: Western Shoshone federally recognized

Reservations

Fort Hall Reservation: in eastern Idaho, Northern Shoshone

Western Shoshone Reservation in Duck Valley on the Nevada-Idaho border.

Goshute Reservation in eastern Nevada

Skull Valley Reservation

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Tribal Headquarters

Duckwater Shoshone:

Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation
P.O. Box 140068
Duckwater, Nevada 89314
Telephone: (702) 863-0227
Fax: (702) 863-0301

Ely Shoshone:

Ely Shoshone Tribe
16 Shoshone Circle
Ely, Nevada 89301
Telephone: (702) 289-3013
Fax:(702) 289-3156

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: (702) 423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780
Fax:(702) 423-5202

South Fork Shoshone

South Fork Shoshone
HC 30 Box B-13
Elko, Nevada 89801
Telephone: (702) 744-4273
Fax:(702) 744-4523

Wells Shoshone

Wells Shoshone
P.O. Box 809
Wells, Nevada 89835
Telephone: (702) 752-3045

Yomba Band of Shoshone

Yomba Band of Shoshone
HC 61 Box 6275
Austin, Nevada 89310
Telephone: (702) 964-2463
Fax:(702) 964-2443

Bands, Groups and Subdivisions of Shoshone Indians and Their Reservations

The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:

Battle Mountain Band -- Battle Mountain Colony (Nevada)
Elko Band -- Elko Colony (Nevada)
South Fork Band -- South Fork Reservation (Nevada)
Wells Band -- Wells Colony (Nevada)

Records

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on Indian Population Schedules

Agencies

  • Wind River Agency
  • Fort Hall Agency
  • Western Shoshone Agency

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Niumber

Post 1885-Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

FHL

Film

Number

Shoshone Wind River Agency, 1873-1952 Denver - - 167, 498-504, 631, 663 581873-581879
Shoshone Fort Hall, 1885-87, 1890-91, 1894-1939 Seattle - - 138-44, 498-504 576493-499
Shoshone Lemhi Agency, 1885, 1887-1906 Seattle - - 248 576494
Shoshone, Western Western Shoshone Agency, 1897-1916 San Francisco - - 646-48 583105-107
Shoshone Carson School,  1909-39 San Francisco - - 18-21 573864-867

Treaties

  • 1855 June 9, referred to in Wallawalla Treaty
  • 1863 July 2, at Fort Bridger, with Eastern Shoshone
  • 1863 July 30, at Box Elder Shoshone-Northwestern Bands 
  • 1863 October 1, at Ruby Valley with Western Shoshoni 
  • 1863 October 12, at Tuilla Valley with Shoshoni-Goship
  • 1868:  at Fort Bridger Eastern Band Shoshoni and Bannock

Vital Records

  • Wind River Agency, M595, births and deaths 1938-39, FHL Film: 583122 and births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 581878
  • Fort Hall Agency, M595, birth and deaths, FHL Film: 576497 and births and deaths 1924-1934, FHL Film: 576498 and 576499

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Madsen, Brigham D, The Northern Shoshoni. The Caxton Printers, Ltd. Caldwel, Idaho. C. 1980. ISBN 0-87004-289-0  
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published