Difference between revisions of "Shoshone Indians"

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''[[Indians of Idaho|Indians of Idaho]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>
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To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
''[[Indians of Montana|Indians of Montana]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>
 
''[[Indians of Nevada|Indians of Nevada]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>
 
''[[Indians of Oregon|Indians of Oregon]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>
 
''[[Indians of Utah|Indians of Utah]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>
 
''[[Indians of Wyoming|Indians of Wyoming]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''
 
  
'''Alternate Names:''' Shoshoni<br>'''Ancestral Homeland:''' west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah. Later a Western Shoshone group was recognized in 1982.  
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''[[Indians of Idaho|Indians of Idaho]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Montana|Indians of Montana]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Nevada|Indians of Nevada]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Oregon|Indians of Oregon]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Utah|Indians of Utah]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Wyoming|Indians of Wyoming]] &gt; Shoshone Indians''
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 +
{{infobox ethnic group
 +
|group = Shoshone
 +
|image = [[Image:Shoshoni - Pocatello-1913.jpg|232x231px]]
 +
|poptime =
 +
<table style="background: none; width: 100%;" rules="rows">
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1990</td>
 +
<td style="text-align: right;">abt 9,215</td><td style="width: 2px;">{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1900</td>
 +
<td style="text-align: right;">abt 7,000</td><td>{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>???</td>
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<td style="text-align: right;">???</td><td>{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
</table>
 +
<small></small>
 +
|popplace = '''Ancestral Homelands''': west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah. Later a Western Shoshone group was recognized in 1982.<br>
 +
'''Descendants''':<br>
 +
[[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall Reservation]] in Idaho and numerous reservations and colonies in Nevada and Oregon.<br>
 +
|status = Federally recognized
 +
|linguistic = not yet researched
 +
|cultural = not yet researched
 +
|related-c = Bannock
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
'''Alternate Names:''' Shoshoni<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Duckwater Shoshone:  ====
 +
 
 +
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation<br>P.O. Box 140068<br>Duckwater, Nevada 89314<br>Telephone: 1-702-863-0227<br>Fax: 1-702-863-0301
 +
 
 +
==== Ely Shoshone:  ====
 +
 
 +
Ely Shoshone Tribe<br>16 Shoshone Circle<br>Ely, Nevada 89301<br>Telephone: 1-702-289-3013<br>Fax:1-702-289-3156
 +
 
 +
==== Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone  ====
 +
 
 +
Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone<br>8955 Mission Road<br>Fallon, Nevada 89406<br>Telephone: (=1-702-423-6075<br>Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780<br>Fax:1-702-423-5202
 +
 
 +
==== Shoshone-Bannock  ====
 +
 
 +
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation <br>P.O. Box 306<br>Fort Hall, ID 83203-0306<br>Phone: 1.208.238.3700<br>Fax: 1.208.237.0797 <br>
 +
 
 +
==== South Fork Shoshone  ====
 +
 
 +
South Fork Shoshone<br>HC 30 Box B-13<br>Elko, Nevada 89801<br>Telephone: 1-702-744-4273<br>Fax:1-702-744-4523
 +
 
 +
==== Wells Shoshone  ====
 +
 
 +
Wells Shoshone<br>P.O. Box 809<br>Wells, Nevada 89835<br>Telephone: 1-702-752-3045
 +
 
 +
==== Yomba Band of Shoshone  ====
 +
 
 +
Yomba Band of Shoshone<br>HC 61 Box 6275<br>Austin, Nevada 89310<br>Telephone: 1-702-964-2463<br>Fax:1-702-964-2443
 +
 
 +
<br>
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
  
The ancestral homeland of the Shoshone was in the Mountain&nbsp;West.&nbsp;&nbsp;At an early point in history the tribe sub divided into:The Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone and the Southern Shoshone.&nbsp;&nbsp;The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah.  
+
The ancestral homeland of the Shoshone was in the Mountain West. At an early point in history the tribe sub divided into:The Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone and the Southern Shoshone. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah.  
  
The tribes early contact with non-Indians included the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Jedediah Smith and fur traders and trapers at the Rocky Mountain rendezvous.&nbsp;The first rendezvous was promoted by Jedediah Smith in 1825.&nbsp; A prominent Shoshone: Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06  
+
The tribes early contact with non-Indians included the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Jedediah Smith and fur traders and trapers at the Rocky Mountain rendezvous. The first rendezvous was promoted by Jedediah Smith in 1825. A prominent Shoshone: Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06  
  
 
In 1841 immigrants began moving to the west and northwest by way of the Oregon and California trails. Both of these trails cut through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock tribes. Problems occured as the resourses of the area were drained by many immigrants going west. These trails provided a "hightway" for over twenty years serving the fourty-niners and silver seekers headed to California, Nevada and the northwest.  
 
In 1841 immigrants began moving to the west and northwest by way of the Oregon and California trails. Both of these trails cut through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock tribes. Problems occured as the resourses of the area were drained by many immigrants going west. These trails provided a "hightway" for over twenty years serving the fourty-niners and silver seekers headed to California, Nevada and the northwest.  
  
A military campaign of&nbsp;300 soldiers&nbsp;led by Colonel Patrick Conner in January of 1863, killed 224 Indians this became known as the Bear river Massacre.  
+
A military campaign of 300 soldiers&nbsp;led by Colonel Patrick Conner in January of 1863, killed 224 Indians this became known as the Bear river Massacre.  
  
 
In 1863 four treaties were ratified, with the Eastern Shoshone, Shoshone-Northwestern Bands, Western Shoshoni and the the Shoshoni-Goship.  
 
In 1863 four treaties were ratified, with the Eastern Shoshone, Shoshone-Northwestern Bands, Western Shoshoni and the the Shoshoni-Goship.  
Line 22: Line 80:
 
The Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad completed their lines and came together at Promontory Point, Utah in 1869.  
 
The Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad completed their lines and came together at Promontory Point, Utah in 1869.  
  
1860-70 assigned to reservations<br>
+
1860-70 assigned to reservations<br>
 
 
The population of the Shoshone in 1900 was estimated as 7,000. In 1990 it was estimated to be 9,215.<br>  
 
  
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
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The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:  
 
The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:  
  
*Death Valley Shoshone -- see [[Timbisha Shoshone Indians|Timbisha Shoshone]]<br>  
+
*Death Valley Shoshone -- see [[Timbisha Shoshone Indians|Timbisha Shoshone]]<br>
 
*Duckwater Shoshone -- [[Duckwater Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Duckwater Reservation (Nevada)]]  
 
*Duckwater Shoshone -- [[Duckwater Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Duckwater Reservation (Nevada)]]  
*Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada -- [[Ely Indian Colony (Nevada)|Ely Colony (Nevada)]]<br>  
+
*Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada -- [[Ely Indian Colony (Nevada)|Ely Colony (Nevada)]]<br>
 
*Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes -- [[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]] (Nevada and Oregon)  
 
*Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes -- [[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]] (Nevada and Oregon)  
 
*Mountain Shoshone or [[Sheepeater Indians|Sheepeaters]] -- [[Fort Lemhi Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Lemhi]] and [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall]] Reservation(Idaho and Montana)  
 
*Mountain Shoshone or [[Sheepeater Indians|Sheepeaters]] -- [[Fort Lemhi Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Lemhi]] and [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall]] Reservation(Idaho and Montana)  
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*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)]]  
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)]]  
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Lone Pine Indian Reservation (California)|Lone Pine Reservation (California)]]  
 
*Paiute-Shoshone Indians -- [[Lone Pine Indian Reservation (California)|Lone Pine Reservation (California)]]  
*[[Ruby Valley Shoshone Indians|Ruby Valley Shoshone]]<br>  
+
*[[Ruby Valley Shoshone Indians|Ruby Valley Shoshone]]<br>
 
*Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation -- [[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|Wind River Reservation (Wyoming)]]  
 
*Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation -- [[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|Wind River Reservation (Wyoming)]]  
 
*Shoshone-Bannock Tribes -- [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho)]]  
 
*Shoshone-Bannock Tribes -- [[Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)|Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho)]]  
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*Yomba Western Shoshone Tribe -- [[Yomba Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Yomba Reservation (Nevada)]]
 
*Yomba Western Shoshone Tribe -- [[Yomba Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Yomba Reservation (Nevada)]]
  
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
+
==== Famous Tribal Members ====
  
*Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/shoshoniindianhist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Shoshone tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
+
[http://sacajaweahshoshone.blogspot.com Sacajawea]  
  
=== Tribal Headquarters ===
+
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
  
==== Duckwater Shoshone: ====
+
*Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/shoshoniindianhist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Shoshone tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
 +
*A brief history of the Northwestern Bands of the Shoshoni Indians is [http://www.onlineutah.com/shoshonehistory.shtml available inline].
 +
*Another brief history is also [http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/sho.html available online].
  
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation<br>P.O. Box 140068<br>Duckwater, Nevada 89314<br>Telephone: (702) 863-0227<br>Fax: (702) 863-0301
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=== Records  ===
  
==== Ely Shoshone:  ====
+
.
  
Ely Shoshone Tribe<br>16 Shoshone Circle<br>Ely, Nevada 89301<br>Telephone: (702) 289-3013<br>Fax:(702) 289-3156
+
==== Agencies  ====
  
==== Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone  ====
+
The following [[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs]] had jurisdiction over the Shoshone for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.
 
 
Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone<br>8955 Mission Road<br>Fallon, Nevada 89406<br>Telephone: (702) 423-6075<br>Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780<br>Fax:(702) 423-5202
 
 
 
==== South Fork Shoshone  ====
 
  
South Fork Shoshone<br>HC 30 Box B-13<br>Elko, Nevada 89801<br>Telephone: (702) 744-4273<br>Fax:(702) 744-4523
+
*[[Wind_River_Indian_Agency_(Wyoming)|Wind River Agency]]
 +
*[[Fort_Hall_Indian_Agency_(Idaho)|Fort Hall Agency]]
 +
*[[Western_Shoshone_Indian_Agency_(Nevada)|Western Shoshone Agency]]
  
==== Wells Shoshone  ====
+
==== Census Records ====
 
 
Wells Shoshone<br>P.O. Box 809<br>Wells, Nevada 89835<br>Telephone: (702) 752-3045
 
 
 
==== Yomba Band of Shoshone ====
 
 
 
Yomba Band of Shoshone<br>HC 61 Box 6275<br>Austin, Nevada 89310<br>Telephone: (702) 964-2463<br>Fax:(702) 964-2443
 
 
 
=== Records  ===
 
  
 
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]]  
 
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]]  
  
==== Agencies  ====
+
The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, [[American Indian Census Rolls|click here]].
  
*Wind River Agency
+
1894 Census of the Bannock and Shoshone Indians of Fort Hall, Idaho. by Thomas Benton Teter. {{FHL|49365|item|disp=FHL Book Q970.1 Al#1 or FHL Film: 928110-928115}}
*Fort Hall Agency
 
*Western Shoshone Agency
 
  
==== Census Records&nbsp;  ====
+
The following table lists the census rolls for the Shoshone Indians:
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
+
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
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Post 1885-Census  
 
Post 1885-Census  
  
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693  
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M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Film  
 
Film  
  
Number  
+
Number
  
 
|-
 
|-
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| Denver  
 
| Denver  
 
| 167, 498-504, 631, 663  
 
| 167, 498-504, 631, 663  
| 581873-581879
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| FHL Films: 581873-581879
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Shoshone  
 
| Shoshone  
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| Seattle  
 
| Seattle  
 
| 138-44, 498-504  
 
| 138-44, 498-504  
| 576493-499
+
| FLH Films: 576493-576499
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Shoshone  
 
| Shoshone  
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| Seattle  
 
| Seattle  
 
| 248  
 
| 248  
| 576494
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| FHL Film: 576494
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Shoshone, Western  
 
| Shoshone, Western  
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| San Francisco  
 
| San Francisco  
 
| 646-48  
 
| 646-48  
| 583105-107
+
| FHL Films: 583105-583107
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Shoshone  
 
| Shoshone  
| Carson School,&nbsp; 1909-39  
+
| Carson School, 1909-39  
 
| San Francisco  
 
| San Francisco  
 
| 18-21  
 
| 18-21  
| 573864-867
+
| FHL Films: 573864-573867
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==== Treaties  ====
 
==== Treaties  ====
 +
 +
During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, [[American Indian Treaties with the United States|click here]].
 +
 +
Treaties to which the Shoshone Indians were a part were:
  
 
*1855 June 9, referred to in Wallawalla Treaty  
 
*1855 June 9, referred to in Wallawalla Treaty  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0848.htm 1863] July 2, at Fort Bridger, with Eastern Shoshone  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0848.htm 1863] July 2, at Fort Bridger, with Eastern Shoshone  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0850.htm 1863] July 30, at Box Elder&nbsp;Shoshone-Northwestern Bands&nbsp;  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0850.htm 1863] July 30, at Box Elder Shoshone-Northwestern Bands&nbsp;  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0851.htm 1863] October 1,&nbsp;at Ruby Valley with Western Shoshoni&nbsp;  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0851.htm 1863] October 1,at Ruby Valley with Western Shoshoni&nbsp;  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0859.htm 1863] October 12, at Tuilla Valley with Shoshoni-Goship  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sho0859.htm 1863] October 12, at Tuilla Valley with Shoshoni-Goship  
*1868:&nbsp; at Fort Bridger Eastern Band Shoshoni and Bannock
+
*1868:at Fort Bridger Eastern Band Shoshoni and Bannock
 +
 
 +
==== Tribal Office Records  ====
 +
 
 +
The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
*Wind River Agency, M595, births and deaths 1938-39, FHL Film: 583122 and births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 581878  
+
Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "[[American Indian Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc.|Sanitary Record]] of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "[[American Indian Census Rolls|Indian Census Rolls]]." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
*Fort Hall Agency, M595, birth and deaths, FHL Film: 576497 and births and deaths 1924-1934, FHL Film: 576498 and 576499
+
 
 +
Some vital records for the Shoshone Indians include:
 +
 
 +
*Wind River Agency, M595, births and deaths 1938-39, {{FHL|Film: 583122}} and births and deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|Film: 581878 }}
 +
*Fort Hall Agency, M595, birth and deaths, {{FHL|Film: 576497}} and births and deaths 1924-1934, {{FHL|Film: 576498 and 576499}}
  
 
=== Important Web Sites  ===
 
=== Important Web Sites  ===
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=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
<references />  
+
<references />
  
 
=== Bibliography  ===
 
=== Bibliography  ===
Line 201: Line 259:
 
==== Shoshone  ====
 
==== Shoshone  ====
  
*Carlson, Paul H. ''The Plains Indians''. College Station, Texas: Texas A&amp;M University Press, c1998. FHL book 970.1 C197p
+
*Carlson, Paul H. ''The Plains Indians''. College Station, Texas: Texas A M University Press, c1998. {{FHL|book 970.1 C197p}}
  
 
==== General  ====
 
==== General  ====
Line 207: Line 265:
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].  
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.  
 
*Madsen, Brigham D, ''The Northern Shoshoni.'' The Caxton Printers, Ltd. Caldwel, Idaho. C. 1980. ISBN 0-87004-289-0 &nbsp;  
 
*Madsen, Brigham D, ''The Northern Shoshoni.'' The Caxton Printers, Ltd. Caldwel, Idaho. C. 1980. ISBN 0-87004-289-0 &nbsp;  
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].
+
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.
  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
Line 219: Line 277:
  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>  
+
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>  
+
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>  
+
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>  
+
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.<br>
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>  
+
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.<br>
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>  
+
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>  
+
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.<br>
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>  
+
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.<br>
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
+
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>  
+
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.<br>
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>  
+
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.<br>
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>  
+
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>  
+
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.<br>
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>  
+
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
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*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
+
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]] [[Category:California_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Idaho_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Nevada_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Utah_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Wyoming_Indian_Tribes]]
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[[Category:California_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Idaho_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Montana Indian Tribes]] [[Category:Nevada_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Oregon Indian Tribes]] [[Category:Utah_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Wyoming_Indian_Tribes]]

Revision as of 13:22, 24 May 2012

To get started in American Indian Research

Indians of Idaho > Shoshone Indians
Indians of Montana > Shoshone Indians
Indians of Nevada > Shoshone Indians
Indians of Oregon > Shoshone Indians
Indians of Utah > Shoshone Indians
Indians of Wyoming > Shoshone Indians

{{#if: Bannock|
Shoshone
Shoshoni - Pocatello-1913.jpg
Population
1990 abt 9,215 
1900 abt 7,000 
??? ??? 

Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands: west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah. Later a Western Shoshone group was recognized in 1982.

Descendants:
Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho and numerous reservations and colonies in Nevada and Oregon.

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

not yet researched

Cultural Group

not yet researched

Other Related Ethnic Groups

Bannock

Alternate Names: Shoshoni

Tribal Headquarters

Duckwater Shoshone:

Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation
P.O. Box 140068
Duckwater, Nevada 89314
Telephone: 1-702-863-0227
Fax: 1-702-863-0301

Ely Shoshone:

Ely Shoshone Tribe
16 Shoshone Circle
Ely, Nevada 89301
Telephone: 1-702-289-3013
Fax:1-702-289-3156

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: (=1-702-423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780
Fax:1-702-423-5202

Shoshone-Bannock

Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation
P.O. Box 306
Fort Hall, ID 83203-0306
Phone: 1.208.238.3700
Fax: 1.208.237.0797

South Fork Shoshone

South Fork Shoshone
HC 30 Box B-13
Elko, Nevada 89801
Telephone: 1-702-744-4273
Fax:1-702-744-4523

Wells Shoshone

Wells Shoshone
P.O. Box 809
Wells, Nevada 89835
Telephone: 1-702-752-3045

Yomba Band of Shoshone

Yomba Band of Shoshone
HC 61 Box 6275
Austin, Nevada 89310
Telephone: 1-702-964-2463
Fax:1-702-964-2443


History

The ancestral homeland of the Shoshone was in the Mountain West. At an early point in history the tribe sub divided into:The Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone and the Southern Shoshone. The Eastern Shoshone lived near Grand Teton and Wind River Mountains. The Northern Shoshone ranged through southern Idaho, eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The Southern Shoshone lived in Nevada, Wyoming and Utah.

The tribes early contact with non-Indians included the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Jedediah Smith and fur traders and trapers at the Rocky Mountain rendezvous. The first rendezvous was promoted by Jedediah Smith in 1825. A prominent Shoshone: Sacajawea joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition-1803-06

In 1841 immigrants began moving to the west and northwest by way of the Oregon and California trails. Both of these trails cut through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock tribes. Problems occured as the resourses of the area were drained by many immigrants going west. These trails provided a "hightway" for over twenty years serving the fourty-niners and silver seekers headed to California, Nevada and the northwest.

A military campaign of 300 soldiers led by Colonel Patrick Conner in January of 1863, killed 224 Indians this became known as the Bear river Massacre.

In 1863 four treaties were ratified, with the Eastern Shoshone, Shoshone-Northwestern Bands, Western Shoshoni and the the Shoshoni-Goship.

The Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad completed their lines and came together at Promontory Point, Utah in 1869.

1860-70 assigned to reservations

Brief Timeline

  • 1782: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1803-06: Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • 1825: Jedediah Smith
  • 1825: First Rocky Mountain rendezvous at Green River in Wyoming
  • 1841-1869: The Oregon and California Trails both go right through the homeland of the Shoshoni and Bannock.
  • 1847: Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley
  • 1849: Gold was discovered in California
  • 1855: Treaty
  • 1857: Comstock Lode - Silver in Nevada
  • 1862: Colonel Patrick Conner founded Fort Douglas Salt Lake City
  • 1863: January 29, Bear River Massacre, Campaign lead by Colonel Patrick Conner, 300 soldiers, 224 Indians killed; only 22 soldiers killed
  • 1863: July, Treaty
  • 1868: Treaty
  • 1869: Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad met at Promontory Point, Utah
  • 1860-1870: all Shoshone bands assigned to reservations
  • 1870s lack of sufficient rations continuing problem at Fort Hall
  • 1878: Bannock War
  • 1878: a band - Sheepeaters, including Bannock and Shoshone Indians, were part of an uprising in the Salmon River Mountains of Idaho.
  • 1880s: Railroad Rights-of-Way
  • 1982: Western Shoshone federally recognized

Bands, Groups and Subdivisions of Shoshone Indians and Their Reservations

The term or designation of Shoshone Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Wyoming on the east to northern California on the west. They were often referred to as the Snakes. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Shoshone, with their colonies or reservations, include:

Battle Mountain Band -- Battle Mountain Colony (Nevada)
Elko Band -- Elko Colony (Nevada)
South Fork Band -- South Fork Reservation (Nevada)
Wells Band -- Wells Colony (Nevada)

Famous Tribal Members

Sacajawea

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Records

.

Agencies

The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the Shoshone for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

Census Records

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Shoshone Indians of Northern Utah. These schedules were not classified in the Bureau of Census records as a separate district, but were simply included in District 207, Portage Precinct in Box Elder County, Utah. However, the Shoshone Indians in this precinct are recorded on Indian Population Schedules

The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, click here.

1894 Census of the Bannock and Shoshone Indians of Fort Hall, Idaho. by Thomas Benton Teter. FHL Book Q970.1 Al#1 or FHL Film: 928110-928115

The following table lists the census rolls for the Shoshone Indians:

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Post 1885-Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

FHL

Film

Number

Shoshone Wind River Agency, 1873-1952 Denver 167, 498-504, 631, 663 FHL Films: 581873-581879
Shoshone Fort Hall, 1885-87, 1890-91, 1894-1939 Seattle 138-44, 498-504 FLH Films: 576493-576499
Shoshone Lemhi Agency, 1885, 1887-1906 Seattle 248 FHL Film: 576494
Shoshone, Western Western Shoshone Agency, 1897-1916 San Francisco 646-48 FHL Films: 583105-583107
Shoshone Carson School, 1909-39 San Francisco 18-21 FHL Films: 573864-573867

Treaties

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the Shoshone Indians were a part were:

  • 1855 June 9, referred to in Wallawalla Treaty
  • 1863 July 2, at Fort Bridger, with Eastern Shoshone
  • 1863 July 30, at Box Elder Shoshone-Northwestern Bands 
  • 1863 October 1,at Ruby Valley with Western Shoshoni 
  • 1863 October 12, at Tuilla Valley with Shoshoni-Goship
  • 1868:at Fort Bridger Eastern Band Shoshoni and Bannock

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.

Vital Records

Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "Indian Census Rolls." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Some vital records for the Shoshone Indians include:

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

Shoshone

  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A M University Press, c1998. FHL book 970.1 C197p

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Madsen, Brigham D, The Northern Shoshoni. The Caxton Printers, Ltd. Caldwel, Idaho. C. 1980. ISBN 0-87004-289-0  
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published