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*'''1853-1866''' - {{RecordSearch|3326815|Virginia, Slave Birth Index, 1853-1866}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 
*'''1872-''' - [http://www.vagenweb.org/shenandoah/shenbirth.html Shenandoah County, Virginia Births] (VAGenWeb) - free.
 
*'''1872-''' - [http://www.vagenweb.org/shenandoah/shenbirth.html Shenandoah County, Virginia Births] (VAGenWeb) - free.
 
*'''1912-1913''' - {{RecordSearch|2388824|Virginia, Birth Certificates, 1912-1913}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 
*'''1912-1913''' - {{RecordSearch|2388824|Virginia, Birth Certificates, 1912-1913}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images

Latest revision as of 09:11, 15 October 2019

Guide to Shenandoah County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


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Shenandoah County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Shenandoah County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Shenandoah County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1772
County Seat Woodstock
Courthouse
VirginiaShenandoahCourthouse.jpg


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Shenandoah County is located in the Northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and shares a border with West Virginia. Shenandoah County was created on 15 May 1772 from Frederick County and was initially named Dunmore County.[1]

Shenandoah County, Virginia Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Shenandoah County, Virginia
112 S Main Street
P O Box 406
Woodstock, Virginia 22664
Phone: 540-459-3791

Formerly Dunmore County, whose records it has. Name changed to Shanando [Shenandoah] 1 February 1778.[2]
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1772[3]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1772 1853 1772 1772 1772 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Shenandoah County, Virginia History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1772--Before 1 February 1778, Shanando [Shenandoah] County was called Dunmore County.[5] Dunmore County was created 15 May 1772 from Frederick County.[6]
County seat: Woodstock

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Shenandoah County, Virginia Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Shenandoah County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1978):210-213. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

African American[edit | edit source]

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872.

"Shenandoah County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:


Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
179010,510
180013,82331.5%
181013,646−1.3%
182018,92638.7%
183019,7504.4%
184011,618−41.2%
185013,76818.5%
186013,8960.9%
187014,9367.5%
188018,20421.9%
189019,6718.1%
190020,2533.0%
191020,9423.4%
192020,808−0.6%
193020,655−0.7%
194020,8981.2%
195021,1691.3%
196021,8253.1%
197022,8524.7%
198027,55920.6%
199031,63614.8%
200035,07510.9%

1783 Enumeration

1785 Enumeration

1820 - Exists, but the National Archives microfilm copy of Shenandoah County, Virginia omits pages 150a and 150b. The missing names have been published in The Virginia Genealogist:

  • Petty, Gerald M. "Virginia 1820 Federal Census: Names Not on the Microfilm Copy," The Virginia Genealogist 18, no 2 (April-June 1974):136-139.
The list is also available online at the Shenandoah County GenWeb Project. See 1820 Census page 150, Shenandoah County, Virginia for digital copies of the missing Shenandoah County pages.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Baptist[edit | edit source]

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Lost River (1784)[7]
  2. Smith's Creek (1774)[7]
  3. South River (1783)[7]
  4. Water Lick (1787)[7]

Shenandoah County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association and the Ketocton Association.

Church of England[edit | edit source]

go to See also Beckford Parish.

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Shenandoah County is available online.[8]

Quaker[edit | edit source]

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Smith's Creek Monthly Meeting (1736-1810) aka Broadway[9]

Court[edit | edit source]

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Shenandoah County, Virginia Chancery Records 1772-1927 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

More than 100 genealogies have been published about Shenandoah County families. To view a list, visit Shenandoah County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Grants and Patents

  • Crown. 84 patents dated 1749-1858 in what is now Shenandoah County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. 2005. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775. Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Shenandoah County (then called Dunmore County).]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1775-1800. Vol. III. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Shenandoah County.]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Winchester (Independent City)Frederick CountyWarren CountyPage CountyRockingham CountyHardy CountyHampshire CountyVA SHENANDOAH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


  • Massanutten Area Atlas. Original records, Shenandoah County Archives, Woodstock, Va. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [This is a bound book of hand drawn maps showing property boundaries for grant map, ca. 1748-1915. It covers parts of Shenandoah, Warren and Page counties.]

Migration[edit | edit source]

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):49-53. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Shenandoah County's 1789 Delinquent List appears on pp. 49-50.]

Military[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War[edit | edit source]
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Shenandoah County militia officers and veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Shenandoah County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Shenandoah County supplied soldiers for the:

- 8th Virginia Regiment
- 12th Virginia Regiment (7th Company)[10]

"A Copy of the men drafted and listed March 19 1781 Agreeable to an act of assembly for the County of Shenandoah," transcribed and annotated by James L. Lynch, is available for free online, courtesy: Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution.

Additional resources include:

Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[11]

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington, D.C.: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Roster of Capt. Thomas Buck's company, enlisted from Dunmore county (now Shenandoah), Sept. 5, 1777, see pp. 178-180.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Shenandoah County on page 136.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Shenandoah County men served in the 13th and 97th Regiments.[12]

  • Shenandoah County, Virginia War of 1812 Soldiers
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Shenandoah County, p. 103-104. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 7th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (Confederate). Company C (Shenandoah Rangers), Company K (Captain William Miller).[13]
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Strasburg Guards) and Company F (Muhlenburg Rifles).[14]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company E (Potomac Mounted Riflemen or Valley Mounted Riflemen).[15]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company J.[16]
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company D.[17]
- 35th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).[18]

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battles[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battles were fought in Shenandoah County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865
World War II[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

  • 2007-present - Northern Virginia Daily (Strasburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 2009-present - Shenandoah Valley-Herald (Woodstock, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Woodstock silversmiths.]

Private Papers[edit | edit source]

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

  • Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather, comp. Will Records of Shenandoah County, Virginia 1771-91. Chillicothe, MO, USA: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, c1965. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Online Probate Links

Taxation[edit | edit source]

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1774-1776] Dunmore County (Va.) Rent Rolls, 1774-1776
  • [1782-1799] Shenandoah County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1799 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy ($).
  • [1782-1818] Heinegg, Paul. "Shenandoah County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1783] - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783; index online at Revolutionary War Service website - free.
  • [1783] Tax List 1783 - Shenandoah County (VAGenWeb) - free. Images and transcription.
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Online at FamilySearch - free; FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Shenandoah County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1789] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):49-53. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Shenandoah County's 1789 Delinquent List appears on pp. 49-50.]
  • [1789, 1799] Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Shenandoah County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is 1815 land tax. Shenandoah County is included in Vol. 4.]
  • [1815] Land Tax Roll, 1815, Frederick Findings. Mechanicsville VA: Summer 1996. Vol. 8 Iss. 2; Fall 1995. Vol. 8 Iss. 3; Winter 1995. Vol. 8 Iss. 4; Spring 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 1; Summer 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 2; Fall 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 3; Winter 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 4; Winter 1998. Vol. 10 Iss. 1; Spring 1998. Vol. 10 Iss. 2. FHL Book 975.59 D25f.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]

Beth Fridley has published abstracts of the following Shenandoah County, Virginia birth records online at Ancestry:

  • Shenandoah County, Virginia Births, 1853-71 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Shenandoah County, Virginia Births, 1872-77 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Shenandoah County, Virginia Births, 1878-90 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Shenandoah County, Virginia Births, 1891-96 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage[edit | edit source]
  • 1772-1850 - Ashby, Bernice M. Shenandoah County Marriage Bonds, 1772-1850. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • 1781-1915 - Shenandoah County Marriage Index 1781-1915. Batch M868668 at FamilySearch - free. [24]

Take care when using published abstracts of early marriages of Shenandoah County. Editors who originally did this work did not understand German very well.

Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]
Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/10607/dvm_LocHist000260-00001-0?backurl=https%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d10607%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=dvm_LocHist000260-00018-1
  2. William Waller Hening, editor, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature in the year 1619, 13 vols. (Richmond: J.&G. Cochran, Printers, 1821), vol. IX, page 424, Chapter XVIII, "An act for forming several new counties, and reforming the boundaries of two others," October 1777, the name of Dunmore County changed to Shanando on 1 February 1778, digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org : 25 October 2018).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Shenandoah County, Virginia. Page 721 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Shenandoah County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  5. William Waller Hening, editor, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature in the year 1619, 13 vols. (Richmond: J.&G. Cochran, Printers, 1821), vol. IX, page 424, Chapter XVIII, "An act for forming several new counties, and reforming the boundaries of two others," October 1777, the name of Dunmore County changed to Shanando on 1 February 1778, digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org : 25 October 2018).
  6. William Waller Hening, editor, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature in the year 1619, 13 vols. (Richmond: J.&G. Chochran, Printers, 1821), vol. VIII, page 597-599, Chapter XLIII, "An act for dividing the county of Frederick into three distinct counties," February 1772, creation of Dunmore County from Frederick County effective 15 May 1772, digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org : 25 October 2018).
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at Google Books.
  8. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  9. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  10. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 67-68. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  11. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 44. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  12. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 194. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  13. Richard L. Armstrong, 7th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 88.
  14. Terrence V. Murphy, 10th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.
  15. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  16. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  17. Roger U. Delauter, 18th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 18.
  18. John E. Divine, 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 19.
  19. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  20. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  21. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  22. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August 2012).
  23. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.
  24. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.



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