Shawnee County, Kansas Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Kansas Gotoarrow.png Shawnee County

Shawnee County, Kansas genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Kansas
Online Records

Shawnee County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Shawnee County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Location of Kansas in the U.S.
Founded August 30, 1855
County Seat Topeka
Photo courtesy [[]]
Address Shawnee County Courthouse
200 SE 7th Street
Topeka, Kansas 66603-3922
Phone: 785.233.8200

County Courthouse

Shawnee County Courthouse
200 E 7th
Topeka, KS 66603
Phone: 785.233.8200

County Clerk has birth, marriage, and death records 1894-1911.
Probate Court has marriage records 1856-1906.
Clerk District Court has divorce, probate and court records.
Register of Deeds has land records from 1855. [1]


Parent County

1855--Shawnee County was created 30 August 1855 as an original county. County seat: Topeka [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



The Topeka State Hospital, a publicly funded institution for the care and treatment of the mentally ill in Topeka, Kansas, was in operation from 1872 to 1997. For some, the grounds of the hospital became their final resting place. There is a searchable index to the 1157 individuals buried in the hospital cemetery. With only a few exceptions, individuals were buried without a headstone.

Because most individuals were buried in unmarked graves, hospital officials used a grid pattern and designated gravesites by their distance from stone markers placed at the end of each row. The 'Location' is the distance in feet and inches from the eastern marker west to the gravesite.


LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Topeka



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories



Early migration routes to and from Shawnee County, Kansas Genealogy for European and African American settlers included:



Topeka and Shawnee County Public Library Newspaper Index. Click on "newspaper index". The keyword index contains articles, obituaries and events in the Topeka Capital Journal from 1989-1999.


Topeka and Shawnee County Public Library Obituaries Index. Click on "obituary index".  The Index  covers 1906-1935 and 1971 to the present.

Also, a considerable number of obituaries from 1936-1971 have been indexed.



Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Shawnee County Historical Society website:

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Shawnee County, Kansas page 256, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in Oregon National Historic Trail at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  4. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in California National Historic Trail at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  5. National Park Service, "Auto Tour Route Maps" in Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail at (accessed 18 July 2011).