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The Seminole Tribe is part of the group known as the Five Civilized Tribes
Culture Area: Southeastern United States
Linguistic Group: Muskhogean
Federal Status: Recognized
Miccosukee Tribe live on the Miccosukee reservation or along the Tamiami Trail
1817-18: Seminole War; American troops under General Andrew Jackson. Jackson's victory led to Spain selling Florida to the United States.
Februray 22, 1821: Florida became part of the United States.
September 6, 1823: Treaty of Fort Moultrie, the tribe gave up 30 million acres of farmland and received .5 million acres in central Florida.
May 9,1832: Treaty at Payne's landing; land cessions Indians to remove within three years.
March 28,1833: Treaty of Fort Gibson Major Phagan to superintend removal (Indian Treaties 1778-1883 by Charles J. Kappler; page 203-207)
December 1835 - August 14, 1842: second Seminole War lead by Osceola
1835-1842: estimated 4,000 Seminole had been removed from Florida. Those removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) became the Seminole Nation and one of the Five Civilized Tribes.
A refugee band of Seminole negroes removed near the Rio Grande near Eagle Pass, Texas.
January 4, 1845
Additional References to the History of the Tribe
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Seminole tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
Correspondence and Census
|Tribe||Agency||Location of Originial Records||
Pre-1880 Correspondence M234
RG 75 Rolls 962
|FHL Film Number||
Post-1885 Census M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
|FHL Film Number|
|Seminole||Seminole Agency,1824-76||Washington D.C.||Rolls 799-87||-||-||-|
|Seminole||Union Agency, 1875-80||Washington D.C.||Rolls 864-77||-||-||-|
|Seminole, Florida||Seminole Agency Dania, 1934-52||Atlanta||-||-||Rolls 486-87||581496-497|
- 1823 September 18, at Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians
- 1832: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0344.htm
- 1833: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0394.htm
- 1845: Creeks and Seminole http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0550.htm
- 1856: with the Creeks http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0756.htm
- 1865: with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che1050.htm
- 1866: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0910.htm
Important Web Sites
- Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, Constitution.
- Constitution and By-Laws of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Ratified August 21, 1957.
- Seminole Tribe Wikipedia
- Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
- Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
- Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
- Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
- Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
- Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
- Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
- Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
- Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
- Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
- Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
- Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published