Difference between revisions of "Seminole Indians"

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[[Image:Seminole-portraits.jpg|thumb|right|270px]]  
 
[[Image:Seminole-portraits.jpg|thumb|right|270px]]  
  
To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
+
<br> To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
 +
 
 +
=== Basic Facts  ===
  
 
The Seminole Tribe is part of the group known as the [[Five Civilized Tribes|Five Civilized Tribes]]  
 
The Seminole Tribe is part of the group known as the [[Five Civilized Tribes|Five Civilized Tribes]]  
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'''Federal Status:''' Recognized  
 
'''Federal Status:''' Recognized  
  
'''Leaders: [http://osceolachief.blogspot.com Osceola]'''
+
'''Leaders: [http://osceolachief.blogspot.com Osceola]'''  
  
<br>&nbsp;Miccosukee Tribe live on the Miccosukee reservation or along the Tamiami Trail  
+
Miccosukee Tribe live on the Miccosukee reservation or along the Tamiami Trail  
  
 
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
  
 
*Seminole Nation-Indian Territory [http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org website]
 
*Seminole Nation-Indian Territory [http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org website]
 
<br>
 
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
  
==== Brief Timeline  ====
+
=== Brief Timeline  ===
  
*'''1817-18:&nbsp;&nbsp;'''Seminole War; American troops under General Andrew Jackson.&nbsp; Jackson's victory led to Spain selling Florida to the United States.&nbsp;
+
*'''1817-18: '''Seminole War; American troops under General Andrew Jackson. Jackson's victory led to Spain selling Florida to the United States.  
*'''Februray 22, 1821:''' Florida became part of the United States.  
+
*'''February 22, 1821:''' Florida became part of the United States.  
**[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0203.htm 1823] September&nbsp;18, at&nbsp; Fort Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with&nbsp;the Florida Tribes of&nbsp;Indians&nbsp;the tribe gave up 30 million acres of farmland and received .5 million acres in central Florida.&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0203.htm 1823] September 18, at Fort Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians the tribe gave up 30 million acres of farmland and received .5 million acres in central Florida.  
**[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0344.htm 1832]&nbsp; May 9,Treaty at Payne's Landing,&nbsp;Territory of Florida,&nbsp;annuity, removal, land cessions&nbsp;and to remove within three years
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0344.htm 1832]May 9,Treaty at Payne's Landing,Territory of Florida, annuity, removal, land cessions and to remove within three years  
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0394.htm 1833] Mar 28, Treaty at Fort Gibson Major Phagan to superintend removal
 +
*'''December 1835 - August 14, 1842: '''second Seminole War lead by Osceola
 +
*'''1835-1842: '''estimated 4,000 Seminole had been removed from Florida. Those removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) became the Seminole Nation and one of the Five Civilized Tribes.
 +
*A refugee band of Seminole Negroes removed near the Rio Grande near Eagle Pass, Texas.
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0550.htm 1845] January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0756.htm 1856] August 7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che1050.htm 1865] with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0910.htm 1866] March 21, Washington D.C.
 +
*'''1957: '''Florida Tribe of Seminole incorporates - federal recognition
  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0394.htm 1833] Mar 28, Treaty at Fort Gibson Major Phagan to superintend removal
+
=== Agencies  ===
  
*'''December 1835 - August 14, 1842:'''&nbsp;second Seminole War lead by Osceola
+
[[Seminole Indian Agency (Florida)|Seminole Agency]]  
*'''1835-1842: '''estimated 4,000 Seminole had been removed from Florida.&nbsp; Those removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) became the Seminole Nation and one of the Five Civilized Tribes.&nbsp;
 
*A refugee band of Seminole negroes&nbsp;removed near the Rio Grande near Eagle Pass, Texas.&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0550.htm 1845] January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal&nbsp;
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0756.htm 1856] August&nbsp;7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks&nbsp;
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che1050.htm 1865] with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory&nbsp;
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0910.htm 1866] March 21, Washington D.C.&nbsp;
 
*'''1957: '''Florida Tribe of Seminole incorporates - federal recognition
 
  
==== Reservations  ====
+
[[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]]
  
Big Cyprus
+
=== Reservations  ===
  
Brighton
+
Big Cyprus Reservation
  
Hollywood&nbsp;
+
Brighton Reservation
  
Miccosukee
+
Hollywood Reservation
  
<br>
+
Miccosukee Reservation
  
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
+
=== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ===
  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seminole/seminolehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Seminole tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/index.htm#Seminole The Indian Tribes of North America].  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seminole/seminolehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Seminole tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/index.htm#Seminole The Indian Tribes of North America].  
 +
 +
Wilfred T. Neill. The Story of Florida's Seminole Indians. St. Peters burg, FL. Great outdoors, FHL Book 970.1 Al no 49
  
 
=== Records  ===
 
=== Records  ===
  
==== Census Records  ====
+
=== Census Records  ===
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
Line 65: Line 69:
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Agency  
 
! scope="col" | Agency  
! scope="col" | Location of Originial Records  
+
! scope="col" | Location of Original Records  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
Post - 1885 Census  
 
Post - 1885 Census  
  
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693 Roll Number
+
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693 Roll Number  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Film  
 
Film  
  
Number
+
Number  
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 83: Line 87:
 
| Atlanta  
 
| Atlanta  
 
| Rolls 486-87  
 
| Rolls 486-87  
| 581496-497
+
| Films:581496-581497
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
==== Correspondence  ====
 
==== Correspondence  ====
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! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Agency  
 
! scope="col" | Agency  
! scope="col" | Location of Originial Records  
+
! scope="col" | Location of Original Records  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
Pre-1880 Correspondence M234  
 
Pre-1880 Correspondence M234  
Line 100: Line 104:
 
RG 75 Rolls 962  
 
RG 75 Rolls 962  
  
&nbsp;Roll Number
+
Roll Number  
  
 
! scope="col" | FHL Film Number
 
! scope="col" | FHL Film Number
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|}
 
|}
  
==== '''Enrollment:'''  ====
+
=== '''Enrollment:'''  ===
  
 
*[[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|Dawes Commission Enrollment]]  
 
*[[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|Dawes Commission Enrollment]]  
 
*[[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll|Eastern Cherokee- Guion Miller Enrollment]]
 
*[[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll|Eastern Cherokee- Guion Miller Enrollment]]
  
==== '''Indian Pioneer Papers'''  ====
+
=== '''Indian Pioneer Papers'''  ===
  
In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here."&nbsp;<ref>Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.</ref> The [http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/ University of Oklahoma Western History Collection] has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. <ref>The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/</ref> An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at [http://www.okgenweb.org/pioneer/ OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy.] A separate index of Indians interviewed may be viewed at: [http://goodoowah.50megs.com/indpio/ “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers”] The interview of Willie Larney includes information about the Seminoles in Oklahoma.  
+
In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here."<ref>Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.</ref> The [http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/ University of Oklahoma Western History Collection] has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. <ref>The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/</ref> An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at [http://www.okgenweb.org/pioneer/ OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy.] A separate index of Indians interviewed may be viewed at: [http://goodoowah.50megs.com/indpio/ “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers”] The interview of Willie Larney includes information about the Seminoles in Oklahoma.  
  
<br>
+
=== References  ===
 
 
===== References  =====
 
  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
==== '''Treaties'''  ====
+
=== '''Treaties'''  ===
  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0203.htm 1823] September&nbsp;18, at Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with&nbsp;the Florida Tribes of&nbsp;Indians &nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0203.htm 1823] September 18, at Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0344.htm 1832] at Payne's Landing,&nbsp;Territory of Florida,&nbsp;annuity, removal, and land cessions&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0344.htm 1832] at Payne's Landing,Territory of Florida, annuity, removal, and land cessions  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0394.htm 1833] Mar 28, at Fort Gibson&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0394.htm 1833] Mar 28, at Fort Gibson  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0550.htm 1845] January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0550.htm 1845] January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0756.htm 1856] August&nbsp;7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cre0756.htm 1856] August 7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che1050.htm 1865] with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che1050.htm 1865] with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0910.htm 1866] March 21, Washington D.C.&nbsp;
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sem0910.htm 1866] March 21, Washington D.C.
  
 
=== Important Web Sites  ===
 
=== Important Web Sites  ===
Line 153: Line 155:
 
*[http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/flsemcons.html Constitution and By-Laws] of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Ratified August 21, 1957.  
 
*[http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/flsemcons.html Constitution and By-Laws] of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Ratified August 21, 1957.  
 
*Seminole Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seminole Wikipedia]  
 
*Seminole Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seminole Wikipedia]  
*Seminole Nation-Indian Territory [http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org website]
+
*Seminole Nation-Indian Territory [http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org website]
 +
*Seminole Native Americans [http://seminolenativeamericans.blogspot.com http://seminolenativeamericans.blogspot.com]
 +
*Native American Research [http://nativeamericanresearch.blogspot.com http://nativeamericanresearch.blogspot.com]
 +
*Indian Research [http://researchindians.blogspot.com http://researchindians.blogspot.com]
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
<references />
+
<references />  
  
 
=== Bibliography  ===
 
=== Bibliography  ===
Line 163: Line 168:
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].  
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.  
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].
+
*Lennon, Rachal Mills. ''Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes; Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. {{FHL|1038175|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 L548t}}.  
 +
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.
  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
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:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
 
:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– . <br>
+
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
+
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]  
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
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:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]  
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
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:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.  
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
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:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.  
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
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:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.  
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
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:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]  
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
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:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.  
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
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:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.  
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
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:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
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:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.  
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
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:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.  
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
+
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
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:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
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:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
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*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
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*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]]
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[[Category:Florida_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Seminole_County,_Oklahoma]] [[Category:Seminole_County,_Florida]]

Revision as of 18:05, 14 February 2013

Seminole-portraits.jpg


To get started in American Indian Research

Basic Facts

The Seminole Tribe is part of the group known as the Five Civilized Tribes

Ancestral Homeland: Southeastern United States - Georgia and Florida

Linguistic Group: Muskhogean

Federal Status: Recognized

Leaders: Osceola

Miccosukee Tribe live on the Miccosukee reservation or along the Tamiami Trail

Tribal Headquarters

  • Seminole Nation-Indian Territory website

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1817-18: Seminole War; American troops under General Andrew Jackson. Jackson's victory led to Spain selling Florida to the United States.
  • February 22, 1821: Florida became part of the United States.
  • 1823 September 18, at Fort Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians the tribe gave up 30 million acres of farmland and received .5 million acres in central Florida.
  • 1832May 9,Treaty at Payne's Landing,Territory of Florida, annuity, removal, land cessions and to remove within three years
  • 1833 Mar 28, Treaty at Fort Gibson Major Phagan to superintend removal
  • December 1835 - August 14, 1842: second Seminole War lead by Osceola
  • 1835-1842: estimated 4,000 Seminole had been removed from Florida. Those removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) became the Seminole Nation and one of the Five Civilized Tribes.
  • A refugee band of Seminole Negroes removed near the Rio Grande near Eagle Pass, Texas.
  • 1845 January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal
  • 1856 August 7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks
  • 1865 with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory
  • 1866 March 21, Washington D.C.
  • 1957: Florida Tribe of Seminole incorporates - federal recognition

Agencies

Seminole Agency

Union Agency

Reservations

Big Cyprus Reservation

Brighton Reservation

Hollywood Reservation

Miccosukee Reservation

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Seminole tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Wilfred T. Neill. The Story of Florida's Seminole Indians. St. Peters burg, FL. Great outdoors, FHL Book 970.1 Al no 49

Records

Census Records

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Post - 1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693 Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Seminole Florida Seminole Agency Dania, 1934-52 Atlanta Rolls 486-87 Films:581496-581497


Correspondence

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence M234

RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL Film Number
Seminole Seminole Agency,1824-76 Washington D.C. Rolls 799-87 -
Seminole Union Agency, 1875-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 864-77 -
Seminole, Florida Seminole Agency Dania, 1934-52 Atlanta - -

Enrollment:

Indian Pioneer Papers

In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here."[1] The University of Oklahoma Western History Collection has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. [2] An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy. A separate index of Indians interviewed may be viewed at: “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers” The interview of Willie Larney includes information about the Seminoles in Oklahoma.

References

  1. Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.
  2. The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/

Treaties

  • 1823 September 18, at Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians
  • 1832 at Payne's Landing,Territory of Florida, annuity, removal, and land cessions
  • 1833 Mar 28, at Fort Gibson
  • 1845 January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal
  • 1856 August 7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks
  • 1865 with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory
  • 1866 March 21, Washington D.C.

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Lennon, Rachal Mills. Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes; Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. FHL Book 970.1 L548t.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published