Secondary Coast Road
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:
- Gates County, North Carolina 1690s by Virginians
- Hertford County, North Carolina 1680s by Virginians
- Bertie County, North Carolina 1690s by Virginians
- Martin County, North Carolina 1720s from Halifax and Tyrrell counties
- Beaufort County, North Carolina 1690s by Virginians
- Craven County, North Carolina 1690s by Virginians
- Jones County, North Carolina 1710 by Swiss/Palatines who settled New Bern
- Onslow County, North Carolina 1705/1706 by English/Welsh, then Scots-Irish (that is Ulster-Irish)
- Pender County, North Carolina 1730s by Scots-Irish
- New Hanover County, North Carolina 1724 by English/Welsh, then Scots-Irish
- Brunswick County, North Carolina 1713 by English/Welsh, then Scots-Irish
Connecting trails. The Secondary Coast Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also branched off it in the middle.
The migration routes connected at the north end in [James City County, Virginia|Jamestown, Virginia] included:
The migration pathways connected at the south end in [Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston, South Carolina] included:
Between those two ends the Secondary Coast Road also had junctions with two other important migration routes:
- Jonesboro Road after 1769 had a junction with the Secondary Coast Road near New Bern, Craven, North Carolina. The Jonesboro Road connected New Bern, North Carolina to Jonesborough and Knoxville, Tennessee.
- Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail met the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, New Hanover, North Carolina. The Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail connected Wilmington to the Great Valley Road in Roanoke County, Virginia.
Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Secondary Coast Road start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.
Settlers and Records
The first colonists in each county along what became the Secondary Coast Road arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Secondary Coast Road and even the King's Highway.
No complete list of settlers who used the Secondary Coast Road is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Secondary Coast Road from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.
For partial lists of early settlers who may have used the Secondary Coast Road, see histories like:
in Charleston County, SC:
- Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.
in Colleton County, SC:
- "Colleton County, South Carolina Early History" in Colleton County SCGenWeb at http://www.oldplaces.org/colleton/colhistory.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
- Evelyn McDaniel Frazier Bryan, Colleton County, S.C.: a History of the First 160 Years, 1670-1830 (Jacksonville, Florida : Florentine Press, 1993) (FHL Book 975.795 H2b) WorldCat entry.
in Beaufort County, SC:
- Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina (Columbia, South Carolina : University of S.C., c1996) (FHL Book 975.799 H2r) WorldCat entry.
in Jasper County, SC:
in Chatham County, GA:
- Mary Granger, ed., Savannah River Plantations (Spartanburg, South Carolina : Reprint Co., 1972) (FHL Book 975.8724 H2w) WorldCat entry.
- Elizabeth Carpenter Piechocinski, Once upon an Island : the Barrier and Marsh Islands of Chatham County, Georgia (Savannah, Georgia : Oglethorep Press, c2003) (FHL Book 975.8724 H2p) WorldCat entry.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Charleston, South Carolina," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charleston,_South_Carolina (accessed 27 March 2011).
- Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
- South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.