Scotland Church Records

From FamilySearch Wiki
Revision as of 21:46, 5 August 2011 by BakerBH (talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Scotland Gotoarrow.png Church Records

Church records are an excellent source for accurate information on names, dates, and places of birth, marriage, and death. Most people in Scotland before the mid-nineteenth century are listed in church records. Since civil authorities did not begin registering vital statistics until 1855, church records are the best source of family information before that date. 

Understanding Church Organization

United Presbyterian Church at Stonehouse, Scotland.jpg
The Presbyterian Church (Church of Scotland) has been the 'established' or state church of Scotland since 1690. The organization of the Church of Scotland is as follows:
  • The General Assembly is the highest governing body.
  • The Synod governs several presbyteries.
  • The Presbytery governs several parishes.
  • The parish is the lowest governing body.

Each local parish (parish, parochin) keeps records. The two major record types are parochial or parish registers and kirk session records (see details below under Old Parochial Registers).

For more information, see Scotland Established (Presbyterian) Church Records.

It may be necessary to know the parish where your ancestor was born, married, or died so you can search parish registers. If you do not know the parish but know the name of a village or town, you may use a gazetteer to locate the parish. For more information, read the article Scotland Gazetteers. The gazetteers provide:

  • Maps show parish boundaries to help determine which parish records to search
  • Identify neighboring parishes


Any church that is not the established or state church is referred to as nonconformist. There were two categories of nonconformist churches in Scotland:

  • Seceders -- Those who seceded from the established church but were still Presbyterian in form.
  • Dissenters -- Those who were not Presbyterian in form, such as Baptist, Methodist, or Catholic.

Nonconformists had their own congregations and kept their own records. They could go to church whereever they wished and were not confined to parish boundaries. However, before 1834, nonconformist ministers were not authorized to perform marriages. After 1834 they could perform marriages if the banns had first been read in the parish church. Total authority was granted in 1855.

For more background information on churches in Scotland, including a historical time-line, read the article Scotland Church History.

Identifying Churches

The following books contain maps that show parish boundaries:

Parish outline maps are also available online at

1851 Census of Places of Worship

Popularly called the 1851 Religious Census, this is a resource for identifying what churches existed where in 1851. Read more...

The Union List of Church Records

The staff of the Family History Library has compiled a resource called the Scotland Church Records Union List which strives to identify all pre-1855 churches in Scotland and whether they have surviving records. It also contains brief parish and congregation histories. This information, arranged by county then parish, is available through the Wiki by searching for a county or parish of interest.

Old Parochial Registers (OPR)

The term old parochial registers refers to the parish records kept by the Presbyterian Church (Church of Scotland) from the time the church began keeping records up to the year 1855. The records include registers of births/baptisms, marriages/proclamations, and deaths/burials. The amount of information in registers varies from parish to parish. Later records generally give more complete information than earlier ones. For more information see Scotland Established (Presbyterian) Church Records.

Most parish registers begin after 1650. Some kirk session (parish court) records begin earlier than the parish registers. Kirk session records may have some christening, marriage, and burial records in them.

Some early parish registers may be in Latin. Scotland has its own version of English, so you may need to use a dictionary to understand some words and terms. Read more in Scotland Language and Languages.

For an interesting article on what is found in the registers, see:

  • Whyte, Donald. "Old Parochial Registers of Scotland." Refers to people from various parts of Ireland - baptisms, marriages - that were held in various Scotland Old Parish Registers for the years 1691-1846. Article in The Irish Ancestor, vol.III, no.2,1971, pages 79-82. Family History Library book 941.5 B2i.


Indexes to the old parochial registers have been created and are available in various forms.  See the following Wiki articles for more information:

Key Web Sites


National Archives of Scotland:  

Part of the National Archives of Scotland: 

Scottish Archive Network:

Access to British archives/catalog/documents:  

[Go to the Scotland Research Strategies page.] <br, a paid subscription site,  has some Scotland Parish Records available online. This site is available at the Family History Library and Regional Centers for free.