Difference between revisions of "Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy"

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[[United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Schuylkill County'''  
''[[United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Schuylkill County''
{{Infobox U.S. County
{{Infobox U.S. County

Revision as of 16:17, 17 October 2012

United StatesGotoarrow.png Pennsylvania Gotoarrow.png Schuylkill County

Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Schuylkill County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1811
County Seat Pottsville
Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Courthouse.jpg
Address Schuylkill County Courthouse
401 North Second Street
Pottsville, PA 17901
Schuylkill County Website
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Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Berks and Northampton Counties 1 March 1811. [1]
  • County Seat: Pottsville
  • Neighboring Counties: Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy residents may also have records in [2]Luzerne (north) • Berks (south) • Carbon (northeast)  • [Dauphin County, Pennsylvania|Dauphin]] and Lebanon (southwest)  • Columbia (northwest)  • Northumberland (west)  • Lehigh (east)

Named for the Schuylkill River. Benjamin Franklin left money in his will (dated 1789) for the restoring of the river long time before the conception of "conservation."

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Bible Records



Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
Interment.net WorldCat Names in Stone
USGenWeb-tombstone photos
Billion Graves
Pennsylvania Genealogy Epodunk
Pennsylvania Gravestones
Billion Graves
Names in Stone
Access Genealogy

See Pennsylvania Cemeteries for more information.

Saint Nicholas Cemetery, Mahanoy City BillionGraves


For tips on accessing Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Federal (or United States) census records online, see: Pennsylvania Census.

There are no county or state census records available for Pennsylvania. County and city tax records can be used as a substitute when census records are not available.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. In Pennsylvania, church records are often used as a substitute for birth, marriage, and death information. For general information about Pennsylvania denominations, view the Pennsylvania Church Records wiki page.

Schuylkill county pennsylvania churches.png

The Schuylkill County Genealogical Society has various records for churches throughout the Schuylkill County area. However, the society has not put the records on-line and to view the records one must go to the society. The society will do research for a fee. For more details see their website.

Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Church Records  in online catalogs like:

County-wide Database - Multi-denominational
Contains the church records of:
  • Ashland: Christ's United Lutheran Church; North Parish Episcopal Church; St. John's Episcopal Church
  • Delano: Delano Episcopal Mission
  • New Philadelphia: United Methodist Church
  • Orwigsburg: St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Pine Grove: Jacobs Evangelical Lutheran Church; Pine Grove Methodist Episcopal Church; Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church; St. Peter's Lutheran Church; Suedberg Church of God; United Church of Christ - St. Peter's Parish
  • Port Carbon: First United Methodist Church; Grace United Methodist Church
  • Pottsville: First Baptist Church; First United Church of Christ; Trinity Episcopal Church; Trinity Lutheran Church
  • Reinerton: St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Schuylkill: First United Church of Christ; Grace Evangelical Congregational Church; St. James Episcopal Church; St. Matthew's Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Schuylkill Haven: Christ Lutheran Church; St. John's United Church of Christ
  • Shenandoah: All Saints Episcopal Church
  • Summit Station: St. Paul's United Church of Christ
  • Tamaqua: Bethany Evangelical Congregational Church; Calvary Episcopal Church; First Presbyterian Church of Summit Hill; First United Presbyterian Church; Salem and Coaldale United Methodist Church; St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church; Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Tower: St. Paul's Lutheran Church
  • Valley View: United Methodist Church
  • Washington: Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • 1755-1825 - Humphrey, John T. Pennsylvania Births, Carbon County, 1795-1825; Monroe County, 1741-1825; Schuylkill County, 1755-1825. Washington, D.C.: PA Genealogy Books, 2006. FHL Book 974.8 K2hj.
Contains church records of Zion Lutheran Church aka "Old Red Church," Orwigsburg, West Brunswick Township; "Hetzel's" Lutheran Church, Pine Grove Township; St. Paul's Lutheran and Reformed Church aka "Summer Hill" Church, Mannheim Township; St. John's Lutheran and Reformed Church, Friedensburg, Wayne Township; St. Jacob's Lutheran Church, Pine Grove Township; St. Paul's Lutheran and Reformed Church aka "White Church," Ringtown, Union Township; St. Peter's Lutheran and Reformed Church, Pine Grove, Pine Grove Township; St. John's Lutheran and Reformed Church, Tamaqua, Rahn Township; Frieden's Lutheran and Reformed Church, Norwegian, Branch Township; Frieden's Lutheran and Reformed Church, near New Ringgold, West Brunswick Township; and Zion Reformed Church, West Brunswick Township.

Contains church records for:

Emmanuel Reformed Church of Nuremberg
First Evangelical and Reformed Church
Pennsylvania German Churches
Jerusalem Church
Gilberton Methodist Episcopal Church
Lewistown Evangelical
Llewellyn, PA Methodist Church
Salem (Hertzel's) Union Congregation, Pine Grove
St. George Lithuanian R.C. Church, Shenandoah
St. Canicus' Mahanoy City Church
St. Jacob's, Pine Grove
St. John's United Church of Christ, Orwigsburg
St. John the Baptist Catholic Church
St. Kyrans R.C. Church, Heckersville
St. Michael's Lutheran and Reformed Church, Klingerstown
St. Vincent de Paul's Church, Minersville, PA
Zion Church of Lewistown Baptism Records
Zion Red Church and Vicinity
Zion Lutheran and Reformed Church

In 1840, the "First English Baptist Church of Minersville" was organized.[3]


The First Congregational Church was established by the Welsh in the area in 1836.[4]


St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal church was organized in 1845 and their building erected in 1849.[5]


The German Lutherans were the first in the county although the exact date of their organization is unknown. The German Evangelical Lutheran Zion's Congregation had their first church built in 1849. Before it was built, they had met in the schoolhouse. The first English Lutheran Church was organized in 1851.[6]


The Methodist Episcopal church began meeting in Minersville starting in 1834. [7]


In 1840, Emmanuel's Church was organized and met in the union church with the Lutherans.[8]

United Church of Christ

Court Records

Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy court records are housed at the Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Courthouse. For many counties copies of court records may be found at the Pennsylvania State Archives and in the FamilySearch collection. Note that within these collections some films may contain the same records, but have different titles. Other titles are not duplicates. See Finding Court Records at other repositories within this section for links to the online catalogs for these two collections. Films at the Pennsylvania State Archives are not available for inter-library loan. If court records are available FamilySearch films may be available at a local Family History Center. Call ahead for availability.

Court of Common Pleas

The Courts of Common Pleas are the trial courts of Pennsylvania. Major civil and criminal cases are heard in these courts. Judges also decide cases involving adoption, divorce, child custody, abuse, juvenile delinquency, estates, guardianships, charitable organizations and many other matters. The Common Pleas courts are organized into 60 judicial districts. Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy County has its own judicial district. Judges of the Common Pleas courts are elected to 10-year terms. A president judge and a court administrator serve in each judicial district.[9]

Clerk of the Court

The Clerk of Courts prepares and maintains the records for the Criminal Division of the Court of Common Pleas. The Clerk signs and affixes the Seal of the Courts to all writs and processes, administers oaths and affirmations, and assumes custody of the seal and records of the Courts. The Clerk certifies and distributes orders of the Court. The Clerk also certifies and prepares bills of costs for the defendants and utilizes the computerized financial management system to disburse fines, costs and restitution.[10] For the Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Clerk of Courts address see the Courthouse section on this page.


The office of the Prothonotary is the custodian of all civil matters in the county. This includes naturalization, immigration, equity actions, judgements, federal and local tax liens, city liens, family court, arbitrations, license suspension appeals, appeals to higher court, commercial code filings, applications for passports and divorce proceedings. See the Courthouse section on this page for the Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Prothonotary office information.

Orphans' Court

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Emigration and Immigration

For information about emigration into Pennsylvania, see the Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration page.

Ethnic Groups





Published Histories
Munsell,W.W. History of Schuylkill County, 1881 including a pdf version.
A History of Gordon PA from 1788-1952
A History of Mahonoy Township
The History of Pottsville to 1906
Day, Sherman, History of Schuylkill County pages 601-614
Dives, Pomeroy and Stewart, 1911 History of the County of Schuylkill
Several indexes of books from the Pottsville Public Library.
Mining reports

Land and Property

Land records in Schuylkill County began in 1811. These records are filed with the Recorder of Deeds office in Pottstown, Pennsylvania.

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts, indexes, mortgages, leases, grants, sheriff sales, land patents, and maps. Property records include liens as well as livestock brands and estray records.

The following are examples of available resources:

Land Record Abstracts

Land Records on Microfilm

Additional Resources

Note that the "Maps" section below also includes maps related to land ownership.

See Pennsylvania Land and Property for more information about using land records, especially about original land warrants, surveys, and patents filed at the state land office.

Additional resources can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Schuylkill County Pennsylvania Land in online catalogs such as:


Ancestor Tracks has posted free downloadable images from the County Atlas of Schuylkill, Pennsylvania, from Recent and Actual Surveys and Records by F.W. Beers and A.B. Cochran (New York, 1875). This atlas located in the Library of Congress shows major landowners and geographic sites at the date of publishing. While the physical maps are in the public domain, the images we have taken of the maps belong to us and are not to be used commercially.  We hereby give permission to use them strictly for personal use; please attribute to Ancestor Tracks. 



Naturalization and Citizenship

Naturalization records can contain information about immigration and nativity. Prior to 1906, it is rare to find the town of origin in naturalization records. See Pennsylvania Naturalization for more information about the types of records and availability.

Naturalizations granted at the county level were kept by the office of the Prothonotary. Naturalizations could also be granted on the Federal Court level.

Naturalization records available for Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania include the following:

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Original Naturalization Records on Microfilm

Finding Naturalization Indexes at Other Repositories

Additional naturalization indexes can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy naturalization in online catalogs like:


Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, historical/genealogical societies, college or university libraries, or state archives in the area where the newspaper was published.

For information on state-wide newspapers see Pennsylvania Newspapers

Newspapers of Schuylkill County

Online Newspapers

To learn if there are newspapers online for a specific town or city in Pennsylvania, see news.google.com/newspapers and search for the town or the name of a newspaper.

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Christian Advocate
Die Stimme des Volks, 1832-1839
The Evening Courier, Tamaqua
Miner's Journal
Pottsville Republican, January 1st for 1915, 1916, 1919, 1920-1923, 1926, 1927, 1939-1945 and more.
Shenandoah Evening Herald, various dates in 1944, 1945, 1948
The Splinters, Saint Clair, April 24, 1897
Tri-Weekly Record, Mahanoy City

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts

  • Compiled by Cheryl Fidler Schneck, Abstracts of Miscellaneous Notices Published in "The Press Herald" Newspaper of Pine Grove, Pennsylvania, beginning January 3, 1879 [to 1885] FHL fiche 6100965; book 974.817/P3 B3s

Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died. However, sometimes an obituary is found in the location from which he or she originated. To find an obituary, see the information under the Newspaper heading

Online Obituary Abstracts

Obituary Extracts and Abstracts

  • A scrapbook by Schuyler C. Brossman, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, war veterans' graves : a list of veterans of the western part of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania (SLC, Utah, 1992) FHL film 1597995 item 9
  • Brossman, Schuyler C. Veterans of Western Berks County, Pennsylvania (SLC, Utah) FHL film 363885 (first of 8) Record of newspaper clippings and more arranged by name of veteran, principally from Tulpehocken and Bethel Townships in Berks County with some records from Lebanon and Schuylkill Counties.
  • Hughes, Jeremiah, Obituaries, 1880-1917 (SLC, Utah, 1981)) FHL film 1305961 item 11
  • Death Notices in the Christliche Botschafter, New Berlin, 1836-1848 (SLC, Utah, 1981) FHL film 1305961
  • Collected and compiled by Phillip A. Rice; Schuylkill Roots Researchers, Index to the Obituaries as Found in the Pottsville Republican and Various Other Periodicals of the Region : covers Schuylkill as Well as Adjoining Counties (Apollo, Pennsylvania:Closson Press, c 1992-1993) FHL book 974.817/P2 V42r


Indentured Servants


Poorhouse, Almshouse

Probate Records

Probate matters in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy are handled by the Orphans' Court and start when the county was created. To obtain original probate records, contact the Orphan's Court in the County Courthouse.

In addition to wills and administrations, the Orphans' Court also handles: audits of accounts of executors, administrators, trustees, and guardians; distribution of estates of decedents, incompetents, and minors; appointment and control of guardians; adoptions; appeals from the Register of Wills involving probate matters; inheritance tax appeals and various petitions and motions.

Online Probate Records
Original probate records for some Pennsylvania counties are available free online as digital images at FamilySearch.org. The dates vary significantly for each county and not all counties are listed. Some counties may only have probate indexes. This Pennsylvania collection of images may be browsed through the links listed below:
Complete Collection:

Schuylkill County Only:

Original Probate Records on Microfilm

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy probate wills in online catalogs like:


  • Archives
    Schuylkill County Courthouse
    401 N 2nd Street
    Pottsville PA 17801-2528
    Hours: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. daily excluding holidays

    The Schuylkill County Archives is a central depository for all county government records. These include records from the Clerk of the Courts, Prothonotary, Recorder of Deeds, and Register of Wills. Most records are open to the public. The oldest records predate the creation of the county in 1811. Early records have been microfilmed with the originals in storage at the archives. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians include:
  • Birth and death records
  • Marriage dockets 1885–May 1969
  • Naturalization indexes and records 1828–1988
  • Wills books 1811–1986
  • Estate files 1811–1959
  • County land records
  • Deed books
  • Mortgage books
Built as an annex to the courthouse, the archives covers two floors with access from the public entrance to the courthouse. Services are free with a nominal cost for copies.

Online Marriage License Search

  • The Pennsylvania Archives collection contains county archive records that can be searched onsite. Currently the Archives' staff cannot provide research or make copies of these records. Their collections include Almshouse Registers; Tax records; Birth, Death and Marriage Indexes and Records; Midwife records; African American records; Wills; Deeds; Naturalizations; Coroner's inquests; and Orphan's Court dockets. A list of the Archive's county holdings are on Microfilm or Manuscript form.


Schuylkill County Courthouse

401 North Second Street
Pottsville, PA 17901
Phone: (570) 628-1332
Copies of documents including birth, marriages, deaths, divorces, land, and probate records can be obtained by using: Pennsylvania Public Record. Click on the link for the record you wish to request.

Schuylkill County Register Of Wills/Orphans' Court

1st Floor
Phone: 570–628-1382

Schuylkill County Prothonotary

Schuylkill County Courthouse
401 N 2nd Street 1st Floor
Pottsville, PA 17901
Phone: 570–628-1270
Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy is the Harrisburg/Hershey Pennsylvania Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.


Pottsville Free Public Library
215 W. Market St.
Pottsville, PA 17901
Phone: (570) 622-8880
Email: potpublib@pottsvillelibrary.org

The Library has a genealogy collection that includes:

  • Newspapers - Evening Herald, 1891 to 1980
  • County histories
  • City directories
  • Census records
  • Genealogy books
  • Family files

The Library does offer a limited fee service for obituaries and specific pages of specific books. No in-depth research is provided.

Tamaqua Public Library
30 South Railroad Street
Tamaqua, PA 18252
Phone: (570) 668-4660
Email: tamaquapubliclibrary@hotmail.com

The Library is currently building their genealogical collection. Some resources include:


Schuykill County Historical Society
305 North Centre St
Pottsville PA 17801
e-mail: sch.hist@comcast.net

Hours: Wed 1:30 – 6:00 pm, Thurs and Fri 10:00 am – 4:00 pm, Sat 9:00 am – 1:00 pm
Newsletter: Schuylkill Heritage available online.

The Society also has a library with an extensive collection available for researchers. It also has a research service for a fee. The collection includes:

  • Church histories and religious records (131 Volumes)
  • Pottsville City Directories (100 Volumes)
  • Genealogy books (305 Volumes)
  • Mine Inspector Reports, Anthracite Coal Mining, Mining Operations (276 Volumes)
  • Railroads (42 Volumes)
  • County History Books (96 Volumes)
  • Schuylkill County Census (1790 - 1930)
  • Estate Records
  • Marriage Records
  • Death Register
  • Orphans Court Records
  • Petitions of Naturalization

Pinegrove Historical Society
205 North Tulpehocken Street
Pine Grove, PA
Mailing address:
PO Box 65
Pine Grove, PA 17963
Phone: (570) 345-0157
Email: research@historicpinegrove.org

This Society has a library with a genealogical collection. There is a $3 fee for non-members of the society to use the library. The Society also provides a research service for a fee.

Research Guides

Woodroofe's guide to Schuylkill County "hidden sources" at The Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania is available online:

  • Woodroofe, Helen Hutchison. "A Genealogist's Guide to Pennsylvania Records," The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 34, No. 3 (1986):241-250. For free online access, see WeRelate.

School Records

Branch Township Alumni, 1905-1952
Mahonoy City High School, Graduating Class, 1928, 1932
1898 Pottsville Yearbook
1934 St. Jerome's Yearbook


Vital Records

Vital records are handled by the County Orphans' Court. Between the years 1852-1855 Pennsylvania made a failed attempt to record birth, marriage and death events at the county level. While the records for that time period are available, there were few events recorded. County marriage records were kept in earnest in 1885. Births and deaths, at the county level, were begun in 1893 and kept through 1905. Abstracts and copies of vital records are available for some counties, but most are incomplete. For the most complete set of records, always contact the County Orphans' Court.

  • 1726-1930 - Pennsylvania, Births and Christenings, 1709-1950 - free index. Not complete for all years. This index is an electronic index for the years 1726 to 1930. It is not necessarily intended to index any specific set of records. This index is not complete for any particular place or region. This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.
  • 1852-1854 – Pennsylvania Births Ancestry.com – $ Index with images.
  • 1893-1897Selected Schuylkill County Births courtesy USGenWeb Archives

Early births 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. See the heading Court Records on this page for contact information.

Indexes for Pennsylvania birth records are available through the Department of of Health for 1906 and 1907. Once an individual is located in the index a non certified Birth certificate can be obtained by writing and sending $3.00 to:

Division of Vital Records
ATTN: Public Records
P.O. Box 1528
New Castle, PA 16103


Pennsylvania marriages are located at the county level. Contact the Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy clerk's office for these records.

  • 1700-1821 - Pennsylvania Marriage Records Ancestry.com – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties.
  • 1725-1976 - Pennsylvania, Marriages, 1709-1940 - free index. Not complete for all years. This index is an electronic database of information. The entries are primarily from the International Genealogical Index (IGI) along with some entries derived from compiled and original records such as: Family Records, Church Records, Civil Registration. It may also include indexes generated by the internet indexing project sponsored by the LDS Church.
  • Pre-1810 – Pennsylvania Marriages Ancestry.com – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties. Includes 35,000 marriage records from vol. VIII of of the second series of the Pennsylvania Archives.
  • 1852-1854 - Pennsylvania Marriages Ancestry.com – ($) Index with images.
  • 1885-1950 - Pennsylvania County Marriage, 1885-1950 Extracted marriage records – free. Most of the records consist of marriage licenses, certificates, applications, docket books, and affidavits. This database is incomplete for all counties. May also contain marriage records earlier than 1885.
  • 1885-present Marriage Record Index available at Schuylkill County Courthouse website.
  • Some Schuylkill Marriages courtesy USGenWeb Archives

Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary. The office of the Prothonotary is located in the courthouse building.


Early deaths 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. See the heading Court Records on this page for contact information.

Indexes for Pennsylvania death records are available through the Department of Health for 1906 through 1962. Once an individual is located in the index a non certified death certificate can be obtained obtained by writing and sending $3.00 to:

Division of Vital Records
ATTN: Public Records
P.O. Box 1528
New Castle, PA 16103

Finding Vital Records at Other Repositories

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


Populated Places


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Adams County, Pennsylvania" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_County,_Pennsylvania (accessed 17 July 2012).
  3. Adolf W. Schalck and Hon. D. C. Henning, History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania ([S.l.]: State Historical Association, 1907), 190; FamilySearch Books Online; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974.817 H2s 2 vols..
  4. Adolf W. Schalck and Hon. D. C. Henning, History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania ([S.l.]: State Historical Association, 1907), 190; FamilySearch Books Online; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974.817 H2s 2 vols..
  5. Adolf W. Schalck and Hon. D. C. Henning, History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania ([S.l.]: State Historical Association, 1907), 191; FamilySearch Books Online; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974.817 H2s 2 vols..
  6. Adolf W. Schalck and Hon. D. C. Henning, History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania ([S.l.]: State Historical Association, 1907), 189-191; FamilySearch Books Online; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974.817 H2s 2 vols..
  7. Adolf W. Schalck and Hon. D. C. Henning, History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania ([S.l.]: State Historical Association, 1907), 190; FamilySearch Books Online; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974.817 H2s 2 vols..
  8. Adolf W. Schalck and Hon. D. C. Henning, History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania ([S.l.]: State Historical Association, 1907), 191; FamilySearch Books Online; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974.817 H2s 2 vols..
  9. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania http://www.pacourts.us/T/CommonPleas/ accessed 10 July 2012.
  10. Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania, Clerk of Courts in http://www.pacourts.us/T/CommonPleas/ClerksOfCourts.htm (accessed 25 Aug 2012)