Difference between revisions of "Sault Ste. Marie Indian Agency (Michigan)"

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== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
 
== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
  
Primarily [[Chippewa_Indians|Chippewa]] and [[Ottawa_Indians|Ottawa]]  
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Primarily [[Chippewa Indians|Chippewa]] and [[Ottawa Indians|Ottawa]]  
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
  
The Sault Ste. Marie Agency was established in 1822 and was located at the falls (''sault'') of the St. Mary's River in northern Michigan. It was consolidated with the [[Mackinac_Indian_Agency_(Michigan)|Mackinac Agency]] in 1832. From that combined agency came the [[Crow_Wing_Indian_Subagency_(Minnesota)|Crow Wing Subagency]] in 1835, which was established for the Chippewa of the Mississippi, and the [[La_Pointe_Indian_Agency_(Wisconsin)|La Pointe Subagency]], which was established for the Chippewa of Lake Superior.  
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The Sault Ste. Marie Agency was established in 1822 and was located at the falls (''sault'') of the St. Mary's River in northern Michigan. It was consolidated with the [[Mackinac Indian Agency (Michigan)|Mackinac Agency]] in 1832. From that combined agency came the [[Crow Wing Indian Subagency (Minnesota)|Crow Wing Subagency]] in 1835, which was established for the Chippewa of the Mississippi, and the [[La Pointe Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|La Pointe Subagency]], which was established for the Chippewa of Lake Superior.  
  
In 1837, a separate [[Sault_Ste._Marie_Indian_Subagency_(Michigan)|Sault Ste. Marie Subagency]] was established to cover the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to the eastern border of Wisconsin. This subagency was discontinued on 30 June 1852 and its duties were assigned to the Mackinac Agency.<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 165-166.</ref>  
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In 1837, a separate [[Sault Ste. Marie Indian Subagency (Michigan)|Sault Ste. Marie Subagency]] was established to cover the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to the eastern border of Wisconsin. This subagency was discontinued on 30 June 1852 and its duties were assigned to the Mackinac Agency.<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 165-166.</ref>
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'''Agents and Appointment Dates'''<br>
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Henry R. Schoolcraft 1822, Brt. Maj. W. V. Cobbs 1834, James Ord 1837, David Aitken 1850<ref>Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].</ref><br>
  
 
== Records  ==
 
== Records  ==
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>
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*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  
 
[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]]
 
[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]]

Revision as of 20:55, 4 March 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Michigan Gotoarrow.png Indians of Michigan Gotoarrow.png ;Sault Ste. Marie Indian Agency (Michigan)

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Primarily Chippewa and Ottawa

History

The Sault Ste. Marie Agency was established in 1822 and was located at the falls (sault) of the St. Mary's River in northern Michigan. It was consolidated with the Mackinac Agency in 1832. From that combined agency came the Crow Wing Subagency in 1835, which was established for the Chippewa of the Mississippi, and the La Pointe Subagency, which was established for the Chippewa of Lake Superior.

In 1837, a separate Sault Ste. Marie Subagency was established to cover the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to the eastern border of Wisconsin. This subagency was discontinued on 30 June 1852 and its duties were assigned to the Mackinac Agency.[1]

Agents and Appointment Dates

Henry R. Schoolcraft 1822, Brt. Maj. W. V. Cobbs 1834, James Ord 1837, David Aitken 1850[2]

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Sault Ste. Marie Agency, 1824-1852, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, rolls 770-771[3]. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1661500 thru 1661501).

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 165-166.
  2. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.