Difference between revisions of "Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arizona|Arizona]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Santa_Cruz_County,_Arizona|Santa Cruz County]]''
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Guide to '''Santa Cruz County Arizona genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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{{AZDC}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Santa Cruz County
 
| county = Santa Cruz County
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TDD for the Hearing Impaired (520)761-7816  
 
TDD for the Hearing Impaired (520)761-7816  
 
}}  
 
}}  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arizona|Arizona]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Santa_Cruz_County,_Arizona|Santa Cruz County]]''
 
  
 
{{Wikipedia|Santa Cruz County, Arizona}}   
 
{{Wikipedia|Santa Cruz County, Arizona}}   
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== History  ==
 
== History  ==
  
Santa Cruz County lies directly south of Tucson and Pima Counties.  The town of Nogales is a major border crossing between the United States and Mexico, and is part of a 'twin border city' situation. Nogales is also the county seat.  
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Santa Cruz County lies directly south of Tucson. The town of Nogales is the county seat. Nogales is also a major border crossing between the United States and Mexico, and is part of a 'twin border city' situation. The Santa Cruz river runs north out of Mexico towards Tucson.  
  
A river runs north out of Mexico towards Tucson, also named the Santa Cruz.  
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The historic Catholic mission near Tubac on I-19 was significant in the history of the area. However, any records that were produced when this was an active parish were not kept there, but may be in the Diocese in Tucson. Other missions are also nearby, mainly San Xavier which is in Pima County closer to Tucson.  
  
The historic Catholic mission near Tubac on I-19 is significant in the history of the area. However, any records that were produced when this was actively a community and an active parish are not kept there, but may be with the Diocese in Tucson. Other missions are also nearby, mainly San Xavier which is in Pima County closer to Tucson.  
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*Until 1821 -&nbsp; [[New Spain]] controlled land that later would become Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an [http://www.mcu.es/archivos/MC/AGI/index.html archives] in Seville, Spain, or to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City. <br>
 
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*In 1821 -&nbsp;[[Mexico]] obtained jurisdiction over the land that later would become Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City.
<br>  
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*18 Aug 1846 - During the war with [[Mexico]], the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>Williams 108-110</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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*4 July 1848 - In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, [[Mexico]] ceded part of present day [[Arizona]].<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A</ref> The land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona was not ceded, it remained in control of Mexico. This included all of present day Santa Cruz County. Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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*30 Dec 1853 - The [[United States]] bought the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gadsden_Purchase Gadsden Purchase] from [[Mexico]]. It contained land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona, including all of present day Santa Cruz County.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]], and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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*4 Aug 1854 - The land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase was officially added to [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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*3 Feb 1855 - [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] gained all the land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57</ref> This county included all of present day Santa Cruz County. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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*1 Feb 1860 - New Mexico created [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] from land in [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74</ref> Arizona County was located entirely within present day Arizona, including all of present day Santa Cruz County. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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*18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] returning the land to [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18</ref> Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].  
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*24 Feb 1863 - The US created the [[Arizona]] Territory from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162</ref> All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library] and [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives]
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*10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25</ref> This county named for the Pima Indians. Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima County].
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
*Up until 1821 -&nbsp; [[New Spain]] controlled land that later would become Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an [http://www.mcu.es/archivos/MC/AGI/index.html archives] in Seville, Spain.
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'''15 Mar 1899''' - Arizona created [[Santa_Cruz_County,_Arizona|Santa Cruz County]] from land in [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57</ref> '''County seat: '''Nogales <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref> This county named for the Santa Cruz River. Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] and [http://www.co.santa-cruz.az.us/ Santa Cruz] counties.  
*From 1821 until 1846 -&nbsp;[[Mexico]] had jurisdiction over the land that later would become Arizona. Residents living on Gadsden Purchase land were part of Mexico until 1854. Some records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City.
 
*From 1846 to 1863 - [[New Mexico]] Territory included land that later would become Arizona.
 
*In 1852 - New Mexico Territory set up counties that stretched east and west from the Texas border to the California border, including all the land that became Arizona. Present-day Greenlee County, Arizona was once part of [[Socorro County, Arizona|Socorro]] and [[Dona Ana  County, Arizona|Doña Ana]] counties of New Mexico.<ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. {{WorldCat|69672637|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref> Some records during this period may have been sent to courthouses in their respective New Mexico counties.
 
*In 1854 -&nbsp; the {{wpd|Gadsden Purchase}} added former Mexican land, including some that would become Greenlee County, to to the already existing [[Dona Ana County, Arizona|Doña Ana County]], of New Mexico. Some records from 1854 to 1863 may have been sent to the Doña Ana County, New Mexico courthouse.
 
*In 1863 -&nbsp; Arizona Territory was created from the western half of New Mexico territory. All previous counties were dissolved, and eventually four new counties were created in the new Arizona Territory.
 
  
'''1899--'''Santa Cruz County was created 15 March 1899&nbsp;from [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]] and [[Cochise County, Arizona|Cochise]] Counties.<br>'''County seat: '''Nogales <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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See [[Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona]] showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.
  
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For animated maps illustrating Arizona county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arizona/ "Rotating Formation Arizona County Boundary Maps"] (1852-1993) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
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For a list of record loss in Arizona counties see: [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arizona/az-counties.html#courthouse Arizona Counties with Burned Courthouses]
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
  
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
*[[Cochise County, Arizona|Cochise]]  
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*[[Cochise County, Arizona|Cochise, Arizona]]  
*[[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]]
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*[[Pima County, Arizona|Pima, Arizona]]
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
[http://arizonagravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=12 &nbsp;Arizona Cemetery Transcription and Photo Project]<br>  
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*[http://arizonagravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=8 &nbsp;Arizona Cemetery Transcription and Photo Project]<br>  
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*[http://billiongraves.com/ BillionGraves.com] - Provides photos and GPS locations of grave markers.
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/cemeteries/ Cyndi's List] - Cemeteries &amp; funeral homes
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/ Findagrave.com]
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*[http://www.interment.net/ Interment.net]
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*[http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cemeteries/ Rootsweb]
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*[http://www.usgenweb.com/ UsGenweb.org]
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
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==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
  
LDS Ward and Branch&nbsp;Records  
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{{AZ Church Intro}} LDS Ward and Branch&nbsp;Records  
  
 
*Nogales
 
*Nogales
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==== Land  ====
 
==== Land  ====
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{{AZ Land}}
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
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{{AZ History}}
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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[[Image:Azsantacruz.png|thumb|right|300px|Azsantacruz.png]]
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
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{{AZ Newspaper abstracts|Santa+Cruz}}
  
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
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{{AZ Probate Intro|Santa Cruz}}
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
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{{AZ Tax Intro}}
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
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{{AZ Vital Intro}}
  
 
Many early marriages are listed on the [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Index].  
 
Many early marriages are listed on the [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Index].  
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== Family History Centers  ==
 
== Family History Centers  ==
  
[[Introduction_to_LDS_Family_History_Centers|Introduction to Family History Centers]][[Nogales Arizona Family History Center]]  
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[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Introduction to Family History Centers]][[Nogales Arizona Family History Center]]  
  
 
[[Nogales Arizona Family History Center|'''Nogales Arizona''']]<br>621 W Green Pl<br>Nogales, Santa Cruz, Arizona, United States<br>Telephone: 520-281-0368<br>  
 
[[Nogales Arizona Family History Center|'''Nogales Arizona''']]<br>621 W Green Pl<br>Nogales, Santa Cruz, Arizona, United States<br>Telephone: 520-281-0368<br>  
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== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
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*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/arizona/santa-cruz-county/ Santa Cruz County, AZ History, Records, Facts and Genealogy] (Genealogy Inc)
 
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
 
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
*[[Santa_Cruz_County%2C_Arizona|Family History Library Catalog]]  
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*[[Santa_Cruz_County,_Arizona|FamilySearch Catalog]]  
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AZ/Santa_Cruz/ Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AZ/Santa_Cruz/ Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
  
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<references />  
 
<references />  
  
{{Arizona|Arizona}} {{Arizona-stub}}  
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{{Arizona|Arizona}}  
  
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[[Category:Arizona]]
 
[[Category:Santa_Cruz_County,_Arizona]]
 
[[Category:Santa_Cruz_County,_Arizona]]

Revision as of 20:04, 5 August 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png ArizonaGotoarrow.png Santa Cruz County

Guide to Santa Cruz County Arizona genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Arizona
Online Records



Santa Cruz County, Arizona
Map
Map of Arizona highlighting Santa Cruz County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arizona
Location of Arizona in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 15, 1899
County Seat Nogales
Courthouse
Address 2150 N Congress Dr.

Nogales, AZ 85621
(520) 375-7800
TDD for the Hearing Impaired (520)761-7816


Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Santa Cruz County, Arizona
 

County Courthouse

Santa Cruz County Courthouse
2150 North Congress Drive
P O Box 1265
Nogales, AZ 85628-1265
Phone: 520-761-7800

Clerk Superior Court has marriage,
divorce, probate and Court Records from 1899,
military records 1888-1085
and adoption records from 1940 [1]

History

Santa Cruz County lies directly south of Tucson. The town of Nogales is the county seat. Nogales is also a major border crossing between the United States and Mexico, and is part of a 'twin border city' situation. The Santa Cruz river runs north out of Mexico towards Tucson.

The historic Catholic mission near Tubac on I-19 was significant in the history of the area. However, any records that were produced when this was an active parish were not kept there, but may be in the Diocese in Tucson. Other missions are also nearby, mainly San Xavier which is in Pima County closer to Tucson.

Parent County

15 Mar 1899 - Arizona created Santa Cruz County from land in Pima County.[11] County seat: Nogales [12] This county named for the Santa Cruz River. Look for records in Pima and Santa Cruz counties.

Boundary Changes

See Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.

For animated maps illustrating Arizona county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arizona County Boundary Maps" (1852-1993) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Arizona counties see: Arizona Counties with Burned Courthouses

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Agua Linda Carmen Kino Springs Otero Sotos Crossing (hist.)
Alto Casa Piedra Lochiel Partridge (hist.) Trench Camp
Amado Duquesne Madera Canyon Patagonia Tubac
Beyerville Elgin Nogales Rio Rico Tumacacori
Calabasas Hacienda Los Encino Old Glory Ruby Washington Camp
Canelo Harshaw Oro Blanco Sonoita









Neighboring Counties

Resources

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy census records online, see: Arizona Census.

Church

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Arizona denominations, view the Arizona Church Records wiki page. LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Nogales

Court

Land

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Arizona Land and Property for additional information about early Arizona land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Arizona Local Histories.

Maps

Azsantacruz.png

Military

Newspapers

Finding More Arizona Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate

From 1850 to 1864 during the territorial period, probate records of Arizona were kept by the probate courts of New Mexico. Then until 1912, the records were handled by county probate courts. Since then probate records, such as wills, claims, administrations, case files, and calendars are kept in the custody of the clerk of the superior court in the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Subjects Search for Arizona, Santa Cruz - Probate records.

Taxation

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arizona Department of Health Services , the county clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

Many early marriages are listed on the Western States Marriage Index.

The Tumacacori National Historical Park has created a website with searchable Spanish Mission Records as well as an annotated bibliography of the Tohono O'odham (Papago Indians).  Along with transcribed marriage records from the Cathedral of Culiacan in spanish, Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

Societies and Libraries

Pimeria Alta Historical Society
136 North Grand Ave.
Nogales, AZ 85621
PO Box 2281
Nogales, AZ 85628
Telephone 520-287-4621
Hours 10-4 Thurs.-Sat

Family History Centers

Introduction to Family History CentersNogales Arizona Family History Center

Nogales Arizona
621 W Green Pl
Nogales, Santa Cruz, Arizona, United States
Telephone: 520-281-0368

This is not a mailing address. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.


Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Santa Cruz County, Arizona p. 56. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Williams 108-110
  3. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
  4. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162
  5. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22
  6. N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57
  7. N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74
  8. N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18
  9. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
  10. Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
  11. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57
  12. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).