Difference between revisions of "Salish Indians"

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|cultural = not yet researched
 
|cultural = not yet researched
 
|related-c = other tribes
 
|related-c = other tribes
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}}   
  
'''Population: ''' 1930: 9,000   1990: 10,246 - U.S. Census
+
'''Population: ''' 1930: 9,000   1990: 10,246 - U.S. Census  
  
'''Linguistic:''' Salishan
+
'''Linguistic:''' Salishan  
  
'''Ancestral homeland:''' Montana, Idaho. Oregon, Washington and Canada
+
'''Ancestral homeland:''' Montana, Idaho. Oregon, Washington and Canada  
  
 
'''Alternate Names and Spellings:''' Salish, Selis,  
 
'''Alternate Names and Spellings:''' Salish, Selis,  
 +
 +
'''See also:''' [[Confederated_Salish_&_Kootenai_Tribes_of_the_Flathead_Reservation,_Montana|Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes]]
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
  
The Salish aquired horses in the 1700's this brought mobility.
+
The Salish aquired horses in the 1700's this brought mobility.
 +
 
 +
The Lewis and Clark Expedition was supported the expediton with food and horses.
 +
 
 +
In the early 1840's the tribe sent delagations in search of the "Blackrobes," in St. Joseph's Mission on the Potawatomi reservation at Council Bluffs, Iowa they found Father Pierre-Jean DeSmet who was purswaded to travel to the Bitterroot Valley where he later established the St.Mary's mission.
  
The Lewis and Clark Expedition was supported the expeciton with food and horses.  
+
The tribe ceded land in 1855 with the signing of th Hellgate Treaty.  
  
 +
Forced removal came in 1891, as they left the Bitterroot Valley to the settle on the Jocko Reservation, now the Flathead reservation.
  
 +
The Salish and Kooenai became theConfederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes in 1935.<br>
  
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
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'''1855:''' Hellgate Treaty over 22 million acres ceded to U.S.  
 
'''1855:''' Hellgate Treaty over 22 million acres ceded to U.S.  
  
'''1864:''' the Catholics established a boys and girls boarding school on the reservation
+
'''1864:''' the Catholics established a boys and girls boarding school on the reservation  
  
 
'''1891:''' Forced removal from Bitterroot Valley to the Jocko (Flathead) Reservation  
 
'''1891:''' Forced removal from Bitterroot Valley to the Jocko (Flathead) Reservation  

Revision as of 15:36, 5 April 2010

Indians of Montana > Salish Indians

{{#if: other tribes|
Salish
[[Image:|232x231px]]
Population
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Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands:

Descendants:
Blackfeet Reservation in Montana.

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

not yet researched

Cultural Group

not yet researched

Other Related Ethnic Groups

other tribes

 

Population:  1930: 9,000   1990: 10,246 - U.S. Census

Linguistic: Salishan

Ancestral homeland: Montana, Idaho. Oregon, Washington and Canada

Alternate Names and Spellings: Salish, Selis,

See also: Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes

History

The Salish aquired horses in the 1700's this brought mobility.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition was supported the expediton with food and horses.

In the early 1840's the tribe sent delagations in search of the "Blackrobes," in St. Joseph's Mission on the Potawatomi reservation at Council Bluffs, Iowa they found Father Pierre-Jean DeSmet who was purswaded to travel to the Bitterroot Valley where he later established the St.Mary's mission.

The tribe ceded land in 1855 with the signing of th Hellgate Treaty.

Forced removal came in 1891, as they left the Bitterroot Valley to the settle on the Jocko Reservation, now the Flathead reservation.

The Salish and Kooenai became theConfederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes in 1935.

Brief Timeline

1804-6: Lewis and Clark Expedition

1841: Father Pierre-Jean DeSmet of St. Joseph Mission at Council Bluffs, Iowa left Iowa for Montana and established St. Mary's mission.

1855: Hellgate Treaty over 22 million acres ceded to U.S.

1864: the Catholics established a boys and girls boarding school on the reservation

1891: Forced removal from Bitterroot Valley to the Jocko (Flathead) Reservation

1904: Flathead Allotment Act.

1910: as result of the Dawes Act, homesteaders became the majority landholders on the Flathead Reservation

1935: The Salish and Kootenai Tribes incorportate and adopt a Tribal Constitution becoming the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes


Additional References to the History of the Tribe


Tribal Headquarters


Records

Agencies

The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the Blackfeet for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

The agencies which had jurisdiction over a major portion of the Salish in the United States were:

Census (a specific type of record kept by the BIA Agencies)

The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, click here.

The following table lists the census rolls for the Salish Indians:

Correspondence

There are several sets of correspondence between the supervising offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the local offices -- agencies, subagencies, etc. The correspondence is often historical in nature, including reports of the conditions among local groups of Indians, hostilities, plans for building facilities, activities of traders or missionaries, etc. Occasionally, there will be names of individuals but little detail about them. For more information about American Indian correspondence, click here.

The following table lists some of the correspondence records relating to the Salish Indians:





Some correspondence for the following field offices may be included in the records of those offices preserved in the research facilities indicated.




Treaties

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the Salsih Indians were a part were:

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.

Vital Records

Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "Indian Census Rolls." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Some vital records for the Salish Indians include:

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.

Bibliography

Tribe


General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL 970.1 R259e; WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published