Difference between revisions of "Salish Indians"

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-- Brief History of the Tribe --  
 
-- Brief History of the Tribe --  
  
==== Brief Timeline ====
+
==== Brief Timeline ====
 
+
<br>
*'''1700s and 1800s:''' Living in Canada
+
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
*'''1837, 1845, 1857, 1869-70:''' Smallpox epidemics
+
<br>
*'''Prior to 1850:''' moved west and south to the Rocky Mountains and the Missouri River areas
 
*:They raided the camps of the Crow, Assiniboin, Cree, Kutenai, Kalispel (or Pend d'Oreille) and Flathead in search of horses
 
*'''1855:''' Treaty (Lame Bull's Treaty)<br>
 
*'''1865:''' Treaty at Fort Sully involving the Blackfeet Band of Sioux, often mistaken for the Blackfeet Tribe<br>  
 
*'''1870:''' Colonel E. M. Baker attacked the Blackfeet winter camp on the Marias River in Montana, killing 173 men, women and children and taking more that 140 prisoners.
 
*'''1877:''' ceded land in Canada
 
*'''1880s:''' settled on reservations in the United States and Canada
 
*'''1886:''' ceded land
 
*'''1888:''' gathered to Blackfeet Reservation
 
*'''1895:''' ceded land
 
*'''1907-1911''': land on the Blackfeet Reservation was allotted to individual members of the tribe
 
*'''1935:''' Adopted Constitution and By-Laws
 
 
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
 
 
 
*Frederick Webb Hodge, in his ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico'', gave a more [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/blackfeet/blackfeetindiantribe.htm complete history of the Blackfeet tribe], with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
 
*For additional history of the tribe, [http://www.neokistomi.com/blackfeet.html read more....]
 
*For a history of the Blackfeet, told from their own perspective, see their [http://www.blackfeetnation.com/about-the-blackfeet/our-history.html history from the tribal website].
 
 
 
 
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
=== Records  ===
 
=== Records  ===
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The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, [[American Indian Census Rolls|click here]].  
 
The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, [[American Indian Census Rolls|click here]].  
  
The following table lists the census rolls for the Salish Indians:
+
The following table lists the census rolls for the Salish Indians: <br>  
<br>
+
 
 
==== Correspondence  ====
 
==== Correspondence  ====
  
 
There are several sets of correspondence between the supervising offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the local offices -- agencies, subagencies, etc. The correspondence is often historical in nature, including reports of the conditions among local groups of Indians, hostilities, plans for building facilities, activities of traders or missionaries, etc. Occasionally, there will be names of individuals but little detail about them. For more information about American Indian correspondence, [[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|click here]].  
 
There are several sets of correspondence between the supervising offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the local offices -- agencies, subagencies, etc. The correspondence is often historical in nature, including reports of the conditions among local groups of Indians, hostilities, plans for building facilities, activities of traders or missionaries, etc. Occasionally, there will be names of individuals but little detail about them. For more information about American Indian correspondence, [[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|click here]].  
  
The following table lists some of the correspondence records relating to the Salish Indians:
+
The following table lists some of the correspondence records relating to the Salish Indians:  
 
 
  
 +
<br>
  
 +
<br>
  
 +
<br>
  
 +
<br>Some correspondence for the following field offices may be included in the records of those offices preserved in the research facilities indicated.
  
 +
<br>
  
<br>Some correspondence for the following field offices may be included in the records of those offices preserved in the research facilities indicated.
+
<br> <br>
  
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
==== Treaties  ====
 
==== Treaties  ====
  
 
During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, [[American Indian Treaties with the United States|click here]].  
 
During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, [[American Indian Treaties with the United States|click here]].  
  
Treaties to which the Salsih Indians were a part were:
+
Treaties to which the Salsih Indians were a part were: <br>  
<br>
+
 
 
==== Tribal Office Records  ====
 
==== Tribal Office Records  ====
  
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Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "[[American Indian Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc.|Sanitary Record]] of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the [[American Indian Census Rolls|"Indian Census Rolls."]] Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "[[American Indian Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc.|Sanitary Record]] of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the [[American Indian Census Rolls|"Indian Census Rolls."]] Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
  
Some vital records for the Salish Indians include:
+
Some vital records for the Salish Indians include:  
  
=== Important Web Sites ===
+
=== Important Web Sites ===
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
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=== Bibliography  ===
 
=== Bibliography  ===
  
==== Tribe ====
+
==== Tribe ====
<br>
+
 
 +
<br>  
  
 
==== General  ====
 
==== General  ====

Revision as of 17:48, 30 March 2010

Indians of Montana > Salish Indians

{{#if: other tribes|
Salish
[[Image:|232x231px]]
Population
??? ??? [1]
??? ??? 
??? ??? 

Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands:

Descendants:
Blackfeet Reservation in Montana.

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

not yet researched

Cultural Group

not yet researched

Other Related Ethnic Groups

other tribes

Alternate Names and Spellings:

History

-- Brief History of the Tribe --

Brief Timeline


Additional References to the History of the Tribe


Tribal Headquarters


Records

Agencies

The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the Blackfeet for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

The agencies which had jurisdiction over a major portion of the Salish in the United States were:

Census (a specific type of record kept by the BIA Agencies)

The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, click here.

The following table lists the census rolls for the Salish Indians:

Correspondence

There are several sets of correspondence between the supervising offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the local offices -- agencies, subagencies, etc. The correspondence is often historical in nature, including reports of the conditions among local groups of Indians, hostilities, plans for building facilities, activities of traders or missionaries, etc. Occasionally, there will be names of individuals but little detail about them. For more information about American Indian correspondence, click here.

The following table lists some of the correspondence records relating to the Salish Indians:





Some correspondence for the following field offices may be included in the records of those offices preserved in the research facilities indicated.




Treaties

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the Salsih Indians were a part were:

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.

Vital Records

Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "Indian Census Rolls." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Some vital records for the Salish Indians include:

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.

Bibliography

Tribe


General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL 970.1 R259e; WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published