Saline County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Saline County

Guide to Saline County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Saline County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded November 25, 1820
County Seat Marshall
Address Saline County Courthouse
101 E Arrow Street
Marshall, MO 63340
Phone: 660.886.3331
Saline County Website

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth and death records 1883-1885;
Marshall Public Library has cemeter and genealogy records[1]


Parent County

1820--Saline County was created 25 November 1820 from Cooper and Howard Counties. County seat: Marshall [2]

Boundary Changes

  • See an interactive map of Saline County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





For tips on accessing Saline County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.


Immaculate Conception, Shackelford

  • 1849-1876 - Immaculate Conception, Shackelford, Baptism Index 1849-1876. Batch C511901 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1867-1885 - Immaculate Conception, Shackelford, Marriage Index 1867-1885. Batch M511901 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

La Inmaculada Concepcion, San Diego de Alejandria

  • 1723-1866 - La Inmaculada Concepcion, San Diego de Alejandria, Baptism Index 1723-1866. Batch C602335 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

St. Joseph, Slater

  • 1866-1876 - St. Joseph, Slater, Baptism Index 1866-1876. Batch C515041 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1884-1885 - St. Joseph, Slater, Marriage Index 1884-1885. Batch M515041 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

St. Peter's, Marshall

  • 1871-1876 - St. Peter's, Marshall, Baptism Index 1871-1876. Batch C511891 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1872-1885 - St. Peter's, Marshall, Marriage Index 1872-1885. Batch M511891 at FamilySearch - free.[3]



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Saline County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

A Portrait and biographical record of Lafayette and Saline counties, Missouri ... (1893) is available online free from Google Books. The first part of the book contains biographies of the U.S. presidents. The second part, starting on p.111, contains biographies Lafayette and Saline county residents.



Civil War, 1861-1865

Civil War service men from Saline County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Saline County.

Confederate Units:

- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry, Company D, which became Marmaduke's Escort Company, Missouri Cavalry


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Saline County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like: ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Sedalia newspapers from the late 1800's and early 1900's that sometimes included Saline County residents.


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1835-1874 - Saline County Birth Index 1835-1874. Batch C515722 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1883-1885 - Saline County Birth Index 1883-1885. Batch C583919 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1820-1836 - Saline County Marriage Index 1820-1836. Batch M515721 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1835-1874 - Saline County Marriage Index 1835-1874. Batch M515722 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1875-1881 - Saline County Marriage Index 1875-1881. Batch M515723 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1881-1885 - Saline County Marriage Index 1881-1885. Batch M515724 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • Missouri State Archives provides on-line access to Missouri Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
  • 1883-1885 - Saline County Death Index 1883-1885. Batches B583921 and B514596 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Saline County, Missouri. Page 405 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at