Difference between revisions of "Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Genealogy"

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[[Category:Salem,_Massachusetts]] [[Category:Essex_County,_Massachusetts]]
[[Category:Salem,_Massachusetts]] [[Category:Essex_County,_Massachusetts]]
Salem Village was founded at the mouth of the Naumkeag River in 1626.&nbsp; It was originally called Naumkeag (a Wampanoag Indian name) until it was renamed three years later.&nbsp; Settlers came from England after reading books published by Captain John Smith about the glories of this new country.&nbsp; The books were distributed to gentry in the principal towns of Cornwall and Devonshire, England.&nbsp; A patent was granted by King James on November 3, 1620 to the Duke of Lenox and a council of about forty men to rule and govern the planting in New England.&nbsp; [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/salem/witchcraft/Perley/vol1/images/p1-55.html Captain John Mason and William Bushnell were commissioned on May 29, 1620 to secure the land and suppress the neighborhood.]&nbsp; They arrived in about 1621.<br>&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The colonists that propagated this land were a break-off of the Plymouth colony.&nbsp; Roger Conant, a religious Puritan, who had come in 1622 was not in sympathy with the Pilgrim’s religious position and removed to Nantasket which is a beach community on the shores of Salem.&nbsp; Roger Conant directed a company of fisherman.[2]&nbsp;<ref>William T. Davis "Bench and Gar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (Boston, Massachusetts: The Boston History Company, 1895) p 44.</ref> The town was incorporated in 1629 under the name Salem a derivative of Jerusalem meaning city of peace. <br>&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Salem Village, which was originally a parish to Salem, is now called Danver’s Massachusetts.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;This city is in the county of Essex.&nbsp; The county was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires".[3]&nbsp;&nbsp; Essex initially contained Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester, and Andover.&nbsp; It now has two county seats,&nbsp; Salem and Lawrence. &nbsp;Its county government was abolished in 1999 and consolidated under the state.&nbsp; The county records for colonial periods are housed in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/ Massachusetts Archives].&nbsp; The original court system from 1600 to the Revolutionary War was ecclesiastical based English system and jurisdictions were by parish. &nbsp;&nbsp;The king of England directed the courts according to Charters, so tax records and ecclesiastical courts were held in quarter sessions.&nbsp;&nbsp; Wills and probates for the seventeenth and eighteenth century are currently housed in the Massachusetts Archives as well as the early court records.&nbsp; For wills of the nineteenth and twentieth century there is the Probate Office of Essex County&nbsp; located in Salem.&nbsp; This office holds printed, transcribed versions of wills from 1635 to 1681. &nbsp;<br>&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Early map collections, journals, histories and diaries are not held in public libraries but more specifically special historical institute libraries.&nbsp; Cemetery surveys&nbsp; are best referenced in databases online or at NEHGS.&nbsp; The book by David Allen Lambert, of NEHGS, &nbsp;Guide to Massachusetts Cemeteries, is a prime source.
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United States > Massachusetts > Essex County > Salem
This article is about a city in Massachusetts. For other localities, see Salem

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GNIS ID # 619453

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Lynnfield Massachusetts
400 E Essex St
Lynnfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
Phone: 781-334-5586
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Closed: The month of August

Peabody Essex Museum
161 Essex St
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
Phone: 978-745-1876
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Attention: Microfilms from the Church can be ordered at this facility